May 7, 2020 News, Uncategorized

To Permanent Representatives of Member and Observer States of the United Nations Human Rights Council

HRC44-Civil-society-letter-regarding-ERITREA

5 May 2020

Extend the mandate of the UN Special Rapporteur on Eritrea

Excellencies,

At the 41st session of the UN Human Rights Council (24 June-12 July 2019), the Council extended a hand to the Eritrean Government. While renewing the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the country, it signalled its willingness to offer Eritrea a constructive way forward, in particular by shifting the resolution from agenda item 4 to item 2.

While welcoming the adoption of Council resolution 41/1, and in particular the renewal of the mandate, many non-governmental organisations cautioned that any shifts in the Council’s approach should reflect corresponding changes in the human rights situation on the ground.

Regrettably, one year later, we, the undersigned non-governmental organisations, recall that the concerns expressed in a joint letter1 published last year remain valid, for the reasons set out below. Ahead of the 44th session of the Council (currently scheduled to begin in June 20202), we urge you to support the adoption of a resolution extending the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Eritrea.

As Eritrea has entered the second year of its Council membership term, its domestic human rights situation remains dire. A free and independent press continues to be absent from the country and 16 journalists remain in detention without trial, many since 2001.3 Impunity for past and ongoing human rights violations is widespread. Violations continue unabated, including arbitrary arrests and incommunicado detention,4 violations of the rights to a fair trial, access to justice and due process, enforced disappearances, lack of information on the fate or whereabouts of disappeared persons, violations of women’s and girls’ rights, and severe restrictions on the enjoyment of the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly, association, and religion or belief. Secondary school students, some still children, continue to be conscripted in their thousands each year into the country’s abusive national service system.5 Indefinite national service, involving torture, sexual violence and forced labour continues; thousands remain in open-ended conscription, sometimes for as long as ten years or more, despite the 2018 peace accord with Ethiopia.6

In resolution 38/15 (6 July 2018), the Council invited the Special Rapporteur to “assess and report on the situation of human rights and the engagement and cooperation of the Government of Eritrea with the Human Rights Council and its mechanisms, as well as with the Office of the High Commissioner [OHCHR], and, where feasible, to develop benchmarks for progress in improving the situation of human rights and a time-bound plan of action for their implementation.” The Council should ensure adequate follow-up by allowing the Special Rapporteur to pursue her work and OHCHR to deepen its engagement with the Eritrean Government.

As a Council member, Eritrea has an obligation to “uphold the highest standards in the promotion and protection of human rights” and to “fully cooperate with the Council.” However, during the Council’s 43rd session, in February 2020, both the Special Rapporteur, Ms. Daniela Kravetz, and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Ms. Michelle Bachelet, reported that no concrete evidence of progress in Eritrea’s human rights situation, including against the benchmarks, could be reported.By streamlining its approach and adopting resolution 41/1 under its item 2, the Council offered a way forward for human rights reform in Eritrea. In March 2019, Eritrea took an initial step by meeting with the Special Rapporteur in Geneva. More recently, in February 2020, a human rights dialogue took place between the Government and the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in a more constructive spirit than during Eritrea’s 2019 review by the Human Rights Committee. Unfortunately, despite the window of opportunity provided by Eritrea’s CEDAW review and the Eritrean Ambassador indicating, at the Council’s 43rd session, that his country was committed to confidence-building measures and technical cooperation, Eritrea refuses to cooperate with the Special Rapporteur, and recently launched yet another unwarranted attack on her and her mandate.8 The Government continues to reject findings of ongoing grave violations, as well as calls for reform, and human rights-based recommendations, including in relation to the Covid-19 crisis.9

The Council should urge Eritrea to make progress towards meeting its membership obligations and to engage with the UN human rights system constructively. It should not reward non-cooperation by, but rather maintain scrutiny of, one of its members. We believe that a technical rollover of the Special Rapporteur’s mandate, under the same item, would contribute to this aim.

At its upcoming 44th session, the Council should adopt a resolution: (a) Extending the mandate of the Special Rapporteur for a further year; (b) Urging Eritrea to cooperate fully with the Special Rapporteur by granting her access to the country, in accordance with its obligations as a Council member; (c) Calling on Eritrea to develop an implementation plan to meet the progress benchmarks, in consultation with the Special Rapporteur and OHCHR; (d) Requesting OHCHR to present an oral update on Eritrea at the Council’s 46th session; and (e) Requesting the Special Rapporteur to present an oral update at the Council’s 46th session in an interactive dialogue, and to present a report on the implementation of the mandate at the Council’s 47th session and to the General Assembly at its 76th session.

We thank you for your attention to these pressing issues and stand ready to provide your delegation with further information as needed.

Sincerely,

1. African Centre for Democracy and Human Rights Studies

2. AfricanDefenders (the Pan-African Human Rights Defenders Network)

3. Amnesty International

4. Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies

5. Center for Civil Liberties (Ukraine)

6. CIVICUS

7. Civil Rights Defenders

8. Committee to Protect Journalists

9. CSW (Christian Solidarity Worldwide)

10. DefendDefenders (East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project)

11. Eritrean Law Society (ELS)

12. Eritrean Movement for Democracy and Human Rights (EMDHR)

13. Geneva for Human Rights / Genève pour les Droits de l’Homme

14. Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect

15. Human Rights Concern – Eritrea (HRCE)

16. Human Rights Watch

17. International Service for Human Rights

18. Network of Eritrean Women (NEW)

19. Network of Human Rights Defenders in Central Africa / Réseau des Défenseurs des Droits

Humains en Afrique Centrale (REDHAC)

20. One Day Seyoum

21. Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights

22. Southern Africa Human Rights Defenders Network (SAHRDN)

23. West African Human Rights Defenders Network / Réseau Ouest Africain des Défenseurs des

Droits Humains (ROADDH/WAHRDN)

24. World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT)

1 DefendDefenders et al., “Eritrea: the UN should ensure continued scrutiny of the human rights situation,” 11 June 2019, https://defenddefenders.org/eritrea-the-un-should-ensure-continued-scrutiny-of-the-human-rights-situation/ (accessed on 16 April 2020).

2 The exact dates of the session are likely to be affected by the Covid-19 situation, which led the Council to suspend its 43rd session on 13 March 2020.

3 Committee to Protect Journalists, “2019 prison census: 16 Journalists Imprisoned in Eritrea,” https://cpj.org/data/reports.php?status=Imprisoned&cc_fips%5B%5D=ER&start_year=2019&end_year=2019&group_by=lo

cation (accessed on 30 April 2020). Eritrea remains at the top of the CPJ’s most-censored countries, as per a 2019 report, “10 Most Censored Countries,” available at: https://cpj.org/reports/2019/09/10-most-censored-eritrea-north-korea-turkmenistanjournalist. php (accessed on 30 April 2020).

4 Amnesty International, “Human rights in Africa, Review of 2019,” 8 April 2020, Index: AFR 01/1352/2020, available at https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/afr01/1352/2020/en/ (accessed on 16 April 2020), p. 39.

5 Human Rights Watch, “‘They Are Making Us into Slaves Not Educating us.’ How Indefinite Conscription Restricts Young People’s Rights, Access to Education in Eritrea,” 8 August 2019, https://www.hrw.org/report/2019/08/08/they-are-makingus-slaves-not-educating-us/how-indefinite-conscription-restricts; Human Rights Watch, “Statement to the European

Parliament’s Committee on Development on the Human Rights Situation in Eritrea,” 18 February 2020, available at https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/02/19/statement-european-parliaments-committee-development-human-rights-situationeritrea (accessed on 24 April 2020).

6 Amnesty International, “Human rights in Africa, Review of 2019,” op. cit., p. 38. 2

7 Interactive dialogue with the SR on Human Rights in Eritrea – 9th Meeting, 43rd Regular Session, Human Rights Council (webcast archive), 26 February 2020, http://webtv.un.org/search/id-sr-on-human-rights-in-eritrea-9th-meeting-43rd-regularsession-human-rights-council/6136241213001/?term=kravetz&sort=date; Presentation of High Commissioner/Secretary- General country reports & Item 2 General Debate – 10th Meeting, 43rd Regular Session, Human Rights Council (webcast archive), 27 February 2020, http://webtv.un.org/search/hcsg-country-reports-item2-general-debate-10th-meeting-43rdregular-session-human-rights-council-/6136487778001/?term=eritrea&sort=date&page=2#player (accessed on 9 April 2020).

8 Permanent Mission of the State of Eritrea to the United Nations, Geneva, “Harassment of Eritrea is Unconscionable,” 6 April 2020, http://www.shabait.com/news/local-news/30430-press-release (accessed on 23 April 2020).

9 Amnesty International, “Eritrea: Show humanity and release prisoners of conscience amid COVID-19,” 3 April 2020, https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/04/eritrea-show-humanity-and-release-prisoners-of-conscience-amidcovid19/; Human Rights Watch, “With COVID-19 Threat, Eritrea Should Release Political Detainees,” 2 April 2020, https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/04/02/covid-19-threat-eritrea-should-release-political-detainees# (accessed on 24 April 2020). 3

Thursday, 07 May 2020 21:24

Radio Dimtsi Harnnet Kassel 07.05.2020

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ኢሱ፡ወያካብ ቻይና ዝተሓስማ መሸፈኒ ኣፍን ኣፍንጫን ኣብ ባቱስ ግጥም ኣቢልዋ

ርእሰ-ዓንቀጽ ሰዲህኤ

  1. ኣብዚ እዋንዚ መላእ ዓለምናን ህዝባን፡ ኣብ ኣዝዩ ሓደገኛ ሻቕሎት ኣለዉ። ኤርትራን ህዝባን እውን ከም ኣካል ናይ ዓልም ኣብዚ ናይ ሻቕሎት ህሞት እዮም ዝርከቡ። እዚ ዘለናዮ ዓለማዊ ኩነታት፡ ኣብ ልዕሊ ነፍሲ ወከፍ ሰብ ከቢድ ሻቕሎት ዝፈጠረ ኮይኑ፡ ብፍላይ ኣብ ልዕሊ መራሕቲ ሃገራት ዘንብሮ ሓላፍነት ኣዝዩ ከቢድ እዩ። መራሕቲ ሃገራት ኣብዚ እዋንዚ ቀንዲ ዝረባረብሉ ዘለዉ ዕማም ምድሓን ህይወት ዜጋታቶም ኮይኑ፡ እዚ እዋናዊ ሻቕሎት ምስ ሓለፈ ክመጽእ ዝኽእል ቁጠባውን ፖለቲካውን ሃስያታት ንምቅላል ካብ ሕጂ ጀሚሮም ኣብ ምስራሕ ነብሶም ጸሚዶም ኣለዉ። መላእ ዓለም ንጉድኣት ኮረና ቫይረስ ብሓባር ይገጥም ምህላዉ ዘይከሓኳ እንተኾነ፡ ብሰበብ ኣብ ኮረና ቫይረስ ዝተራእየ ኣተሓሕዛ ኣብ መንጎ ቻይናን ኣሜሪካን ዘሎ ናይ ሓሳባት ትንዕምንዕን ኣብዚ ቀረባና ኣብ ፖለቲካ ኢትዮጵያ ዝረአ ዘሎ ሕቶ ግዜ ምርጫ ዘንቀሎ ምፍሕፋሕን ከም ኣብነት ዝጥቀስ እዩ። ብሰንኪ ከምዚ ዓይነት ተደራራቢ ከቢድ ሓላፍነት፡ ሎሚ ካብ ሃገሩ ዝወጽእ መራሒ ሃገር ዳርጋ የለን።
  2. ኣይኮነዶ ኣብዚ ፍሉይ ኣቓልቦ ዘድልዮ ኩነታት፡ ኣብቲ ንቡር ኩነታት እውን፡ ኣብዚ ዓለምና ብሳላ ምዕባለ ናብ ቁሸት ተቐይራትሉ ዘላ፡ ናይ መራሕቲ ሃገራት ልዝባትን ምትሕግጋዛትን ልዑል ቆላሕታ ኣብ ዝረኸበሉ ኢና ዘለና። እዚ ከኣ ንዘቤታዊ ኣጀንዳ ብዘይሃሲ፡ ዲፕሎማስያዊ ርክባት ብኣካል ዘይኮነ ሓሳብ ኣቀራሪብካ፡ ብዘመናዊ ኣገባብ ኣብ ዝካየደሉ ተነቃፊ ህሞት ኢና ንርከብ። ኣብ መንጎ መንግስታት ጥራይ ዘይኮነ፡ ኣብ ውሽጢ ሓደ መንግስቲ እውን፡ ኣብተን ብንቡርን ስሩዕን ትካላዊ ኣገባብ ዝምረሓ ሃገራት፡ ኣኼባታ ላዕለዎት ሓለፍቲ ኣብ በቤት ጽሕፈትካ ኮይንካ ምክያድ ናይ ግድን ኣብ ዝኾነሉ ኢና ንርከብ።
  3. ከም ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቂ ዝኣመሰሉ ኩሉ ነገር ዝተፈንጠሖም፡ ጉዳይ ህዝብን ሃገርን “ዘይንታዮም” መራሕቲ ኢና በሃልቲ ግና፡ ኣብዚ እዋንዚ ዝመርጽዎ ሜላ፡ ወይ ተሓቢእካ ምጽቃጥ፡ ወይ ድማ ዘይእዋናዊ ምኽንያት ፈጢርካ፡ ምህዳም እዩ። እንሆ ከኣ ኢሳያስ ምሕባእ ንክጥዕሞ “ክሕባእ እየ እሞ፡ ሞይቱ ኢልኩም ኣውሩዩለይ” ኢሉ ኣጽቂጡ ምስ ቀነየ፡ እዛ ምህዞ፡ ግዜ በሊዓ ምስራሕ ምስ ኣበየቶ፡ ኣብ ቅድሚ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ኣብ ክንዲ ዝቃላዕ፡ ህጹጽ ጉዳይ ከም ዘለዎ ኣምሲሉ፡ ነታ ሓንቲ ምርጫ ወሲዱ ናብ ኢትዮጵያ ከይዱ “ኣሎኹ” ክብል ዝመረጸ ይመስል። ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ኢሳያስ ዘይንታዩ ምዃኑኳ ብናይ ክሳብ ሕጂ ተመኩሮ ዝተረደአ እንተኾነ፡ እነሆ ሕጂ ከኣ ከምቲ “ንኡሽተይ ውራይ ግበር እሞ ፈታዊኻን ጸላኢኻን ኣለሊ” ዝበሃል፡ ጉዳይ ህዝብና ንኢሳያስ ዘይንታዩ ምዃኑ ተወሳኺ መረጋገጺ ረኺቡ። ኢሳያስ ጥዑይ እንተዝነብር፡ እቲ ዘምሕረሉ፡ “ኣብዚ ዘተዓዛዝብ እዋን ናብ ኢትዮጵያ ከይዱ” ዘይኮነስ “ኣብ ሆስፒታል እገለ ከይዱ ሕሙማት ኣተባቢዑ” ዝብል ዜና እዩ  ዝነበረ። እቲ በቲ ቫይረስ ዘይተለኽፈ፡ ብስእነት ማይን ካልእ መሰረታዊ ነገራትን ዝሻቐልን ኣብ ጥራይ ገዛ ተዳጒኑ ዘሎን ህዝብና እውንኮ፡ ኣበይ ደኣ ረኺብዎ እምበር፡ ናይ መራሕቲ “ኣጆኻ” መድለዮ።
  4. እዚ ናይ ኢሳያስ ዘይእዋናዊ መገሻ ንኢትዮጵያውያን እውን ዘገረሞምን ፍጊዕ ዝበሎምን እዩ ዝመስል። “እዚ ሰብኣይ ለካ ሓቂ እዩ ኣብቲ ዓዱ ስራሕ የብሉን፡ መምስ ጸመዎ እንዳመጸ ንመራሕትና ካብ ስራሕ ከየብኩረልና።” ዝብሉ ኢትዮጵያውያን ውሑዳት ከምዘይኮኑ ርዱእ እዩ። እቲ ዘገርም እዚ ቅድሚ ሕጂ “ሚሊንየም ኣዲስ” ኣብ ዝበሃል ሰፊሕ ኣዳራሽ ክሳብ 15 ሺሕ ሰባት ኣብ ዝተዓደምሉ፡ እንግዶት ዝግበረሉ ዝነበረ፡  ከም ኣባ ጉንባሕ ዘይግራቱ ዝኾልል ሰብኣይ፡ ኣብዚ ናይ ሕጂ መገሻኡ ግና ጡረተኛታት ወሲኽካ 7 ሰባት ኮይኖም እዮም ንምሳሕ “ንቐደም በል” ኢለምዎ።
  5. ነቲ መገሻ ንምምልኻዕ፡ ኢስያስ ናብ ኢትዮጵያ ዝኸደሎም ተባሂሎም ዝተጠቕሱ፡ ዛዕባታት ጉዳይ ምክልኻል ሕማም ኮሮናቫይረስን ምቁጽጻር ኣንበጣን ምዃኖም ካብ ናይ ሚድያ ጊላታቱ ሰሚዕና። ወዮ ደኣ ከምቲ “ላምሲ ብኢዳ ዝቐርባ ብእግራ ትሓክኽ” ዝበሃል ኮይኑ እምበር፡ ነዞም ጸገማት እዚኣቶም ንምፍታሕ ደኣ ቅድሚ ናብ ኣዲስ ኣበባ ዞኽዞኽ፡ ካብ ኤርትራ እንድዩ ክጅመር ዝግበኦ ነይሩ። እዚ ኣብ መራኸቢ ብዙሓን ወጺኡ ህዝቢ ከተባብዕ “ኣጀኹም ኣጆና” ክብል ወይ ኣብ ትካላት ጥዕና ከይዱ “ምሕረት የውርደልኩም” ከይብል ህዝቢ ዝተሓሰመ ጋኔንሲ፡ ነቲ ምክልኻል ኮሮና ኣብ ኣዲስ ኣበባ ከይዱ ከካይዶ ምሕሳቡ ክሳብ ክንደይ ኩሉ ነብሱ ግርንቢጥ ኮይኑ ከም ዘሎ  ዘረድእ እዩ።
  6. ኢትዮጵያውያን ናብ ዝወስድዎ ምስ ጠፈኦም፡ ናብ ከባቢ እታ ቀደም ዝዋይ ትበሃል ዝነበረት፡ ሎሚ ግና “ባቱ” ተባሂላ ዘላ ከተማን ቦታ ሕርሻ መቅን  ተማሊአምዎ። ኣብኡ ከኣ ኣብ ምምራቕ 200 ሺሕ ሄክታር  ከልምዕ ዝኽእል ዘመናዊ መስኖ ኣሳቲፈምዎ። ቅድሚ ሕጂ እውን ኣብ ኣዋሳ፡ ባህርዳርን ጅማን ናይ ልምዓት ትካላት ምምራቕ ኣሳቲፈምዎ ነይሮም እዮም። ምናልባት ናይ ኢትዮጵያውያን ናብ ከምዚ ዓይነት ኣጋጣምታት ንኢሳያስ ምውሳዶም፡ ኮንደኾን ይቐንእ’ሞ ኣብ ሃገሩ ከምኡ ዓይነት ስጉምቲ ይወስድ ብዝብል ተስፋ ይኸውን። ኢሳያስ ግና፡ ርኹስ ናይ ምጭቋን፡ ምቕታልን ምእሳርን እምበር፡ ቅዱስ ናይ ልምዓት፡ ሰላምን ዲሞክራስን ቅንኢ ዘሕድር ሕልናኡ ንሓዋሩ መኺኑ እዩ። ንጽቡቕ ዝቐንእ ነይሩ እንተዝኸውን ደኣ ኣብ ኤርትራ እውን እኮ ብዙሕ ዘቕንእ ተርእዮ ነይርዎ። ጭቁን ህዝቢ ክርኢ እንከሎ በቲ ኣብ ራህዋ ዝነብር ናይ ካልእ ሃገር ህዝቢ መቐንአ። ድኻ ህዝቢ ክርኢ እነከሎ በቲ ኣብ ካልእ ሃገር ብሳላ ቅኑዕ ምምሕዳር ካብ ድኽነት ዝወጸ ህዝቢ መቐንአ።
  7. ኢሳያስ ኣብቲ ናይ ከባቢ ባቱን መቂን ምምራቕ መስኖ ከይሓነኸ ተዛሪቡ። ኣብቲ ዘረብኡ ከኣ “ኣነን ብጾተይን ካብዚ ፕሮጀክትዚ ብዙሕ ተማሂርና ኣለና” ኢሉ። እንተደኣ ብዛዕባ መስኖ ሎሚ ካብ ፕሮጀክት ባቱ ወይ መቂ ዝመሃር ኣልዩ፡ ነቲ ኣብ ዓዲ ሃሎ፡ ገርገራ፡ ፋንኮን ካልእ ከባብን ኣዕቚርዎ ዘሎ ማይ “ነጻ ጉልበት ተረኽበ” ኢሉ ዘስርሖ እምበር፡ ብዛዕባ ቁጠባዊ ፋይዳኡ ዘይሓሰበሉ ምንባሩ እዩ ዘረድእ። እቲ ቀንዲ ጉዳይ መውጽኢ ኣፍ ክኾኖ ዝበሎ እምበር፡ ጸገም ኢሳያስስ ስእነት መምሃሪ፡ ዘይኮነስ ክትመሃር ቅሩብ ዘይምዃን እዩ። እወ! ክመሃር ቅሩብ እንተዝኸውን ደኣ፡ ካብ ሳዕቤናት፡ ቅትለት ማይሓባር፡ ውግእ ምስ ጉረባብቲ፡ ምዕጻው ዩኒቨርሲቲ ኣስመራ፡ ምእሳር ጉጅለ-15ን ጋዜጠኛታትን፡ ግዱድ ውትህድርና፡ ኣብ ሃይማኖታዊ ትካላት ኢድ ምእታውን ምዕጻው ኩሉ ቁጠባዊ ወፍርታትን እንዶ ኣይመተማህረን።
  8. በቲ በለ በዚ፡ እዚ ተግባራት ኢሳያስ ከምቲ ናይ ቅድሚ ሕጂ፡ ናብ ህዝቢ ኤርትራን ናይ ለውጢ ሓይልታቱን ዘመሓላልፎ መልእኽትን ዘሰክሞ ሓላፍነትን ኣለዎ። እቲ መልእኽቲ ንጹር እዩ። ኢሳያስ ኣብ ቀልቢ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ቦታ ከምዘየብሉ ተረዲኡ ዓቕሉ ምስ ዝጸበቦን ጉዳይ ህዝቢ ጉዳዩ ከምዘይኮነ ተርዲኡን ዝወስዶ ዘሎ ጽሉል ስጉምቲ እዩ። እቲ ንዓና ዘሰክመና ሓላፍነት ከኣ፡ ነቲ መልእኽቱ ተረዲእና፡ ጉዳይ ሃገርናን ህዝብናን ድሕነቶምን ኣብ ዝባና ዘሎ ምዃኑ ተነግዚብና ብኽንድኡ ደረጃ ናይ ለውጢ ቃልስና ናይ ምዕዝዝ ሓላፍነት ክንወስድ እዩ።

ህዝቢ እንዳተወራረሰ ንወለዶታት ዝቐጽል ከም ባሕሪ ዝምሰል ናይ ኩሉ ዕቤት ሰፊሕ መሰረት እዩ። ሓደ ህዝቢ ኣብ ሃገሩ ምንጪ ሓያልነትን ቀጻልነትን እዩ። ብመንጽርዚ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ እውን ከም ኣካል ህዝቢ ዓለም፡ ኣብ ሃገሩ ዝነበረ፡ ዘሎን ዝቕጽልን እዩ። ኣብ ጉዕዞ ሃገርን ህዝብን ንእንታይነት እቲ ጉዕዞ እንተ ንልምዓት እንተ ንጥፍኣት ካብ ዝውስኑ ረቛሕታት ሓደ፡ እቲ ህዝቢ ዝምረሓሉ ሕግን ንዓኡ ዘተግብር በብግዜኡ ዝቀያየር መንግስቲ ዝጥቀስ እዩ።

ብባህሪቲ  ንሓንቲ ሃገር ዝመርሕ መንግስቲ ዝጽለው፡ መጻኢ ዕድል ናይታ ሃገር ጥራይ ዘይኮነ ናይ ህዝባ መጻኢ ተስፋን ዕቤትን እውን ናይ ምውሳን ተኽእሎ ኣለዎ። ገለ መንግስታት ብኣመጻጽእኦም ኮነ፡ ኣመራርሓኦም ህዝባዊ እዮም። ገለ ምምሕዳራት ከኣ ብኣንጻሩ ዝመጽሉ መንገዲ ኮነ ዘመሓድርሉ ኣገባብ ዓመጸኛ እዩ። ወሳኒ ግደ ህዝቢ ወትሩ ኣብ ቦታኡ ኮይኑ፡ ህዝብን መንግስትን ዕድል ናይ ሓንቲ ሃገርን ህዝብን ኣብ ምውሳን አእጃሞም ኣለዎም። እዚ ኣብ ጉዳይ ሃገር በብጽሒትካ ናይ ምውሳድ መስርሕ ብሃቦ ተረከቦ እንዳመንዛዕካ ዝውሰድ ዘይኮነ፡ ብሕጋዊ ህዝቢ ዝተቐበሎ ሰነድ ዝተደረተ ናይ ኩንትራት ስምምዕ ዝውሰን እዩ። እዚ ሰነዳዊ ስምምዕ፡ እዞም ሰብ እጃም ህዝብን መንግስትን ነፍሲ ወከፎም እንታይ ከም ዝገብሩ ዘፍቅድን እንታይ ንከይገብሩ ዝድርትን እዩ። ናይዚ ስምምዕ ቀይሕ መስመር ተረጊጹ ክጠሓስ እንከሎ ከኣ፡ ሚዛን ንምሕላው ቀጻሊ ናይ ሕድሕድ ምቁጽጻር ኣሎ። በዚ ስምምዕ እዚ ተማእዚዝካ ምምራሕን ዘይምምራሕን ከኣ እንታይነት ናይቲ መንግስቲ ዝውስን እዩ። እዚ ስምምዕ ክጠሓስ እንከሎ፡ “እምቢ” ምባልን ዘይምባልን ከኣ ናይቲ ህዝቢ ሓላፍነት ዝምዘነሉ እዩ።

ከም በዓል ህግዲፍ ዝኣመሰሉ ጉሒላ ጉጅለታት፡ ኣመጻጽእኦም ናይ ዓመጽ ስለ ዝኾነ፡ መስርሕ ምምሕዳሮም እውን ካብዚ ወጻኢ ክኸውን ከምዘይክእል ብተግባር ተራእዩ እዩ። እቲ ደረቶም ከይሓልፉ ንምእዳቦም ዝግበር ቃልሲ ከኣ፡ ዝኾነ መልክዕ እንተሓዘን ክወስዶ ዝግበኦ ግዜ እንተወደን፡ ነቲ ህዝቢ ናይ ምጥላም መስርሕ ምምሕዳሮም ናብ ንቡር ቦታ ንምምላሱ ኣጸጋሚ እዩ። እቲ ናብ ንቡር ባህሪ ናይ ምምላስ ቃልሲ፡ ነቲ ግጉይ መንግዲ ዝሓዘ ኣካል ናብቲ ግቡእ ቦታኡ ብምምላስ ዝሳለጥ ክኸውን እንከሎ፡ ኣብ ከም ህግዲፍ ዝኣመሰለ ካብ ንግሆኡ ጌጋ መንገዲ ዝመረጸን ካብቲ ሓቂ ኣዝዩ ዝረሓቐን፡ ምእንቲ ሓቀኛ ስርዓትን ልዕልና ሕግን ዝርህርህ ባህሪ ስለ ዘየብሉ፡ ካብቲ መስርሕ ግሒጥካ ብምእላዩ ጥራይ’ዩ ዝውገን። ንሕና ኤርትራዊ ሓይልታት ለውጢ፡ ንምውጋድ ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ምስ ኩሉ ትካላቱ፡ ከም ሓደ መሰረታዊ ሸቶ ቃልስና ኣብ ቀዳምነት እንሰርዖ ከኣ፡ ካብዚ ሓቂዚ ብምንቃል ኢና። ከምቲ ወለድና፡ “ማሕለኻ ዘየብሉ ጸባ ድፉእ፡ ዳኛ ዘየብሉ ነገር ጥፉእ” ዝብልዎ፡ ሳዕቤን ሕገመንግስትን ህዝቢ ዝማእከሉ መሪሕ ኣካልን ዘይምህላው ክሳብ ክንደይ ነቲ ነባሪ ህዝቢ ከም ዝሃሰዮን መዕንደር ዕቡዳት ሓለፍቲ ጉጅለታት ከም ዝኸውንን ከኣ ኣብ ጉዳይና ንርእዮ ዘለና ክዉን ሓቂ እዩ።

ገለ መንግስታት ከተዓሻስዉ ምስ ህዝቢ ዘራኽቦም መሰማምዒ ውዕል ይህልዎም እሞ፡ ኣጸንትዮም ይጥሕስዎ። ነዚ ክጥዕሞም ከኣ ህዝቢ ነቲ ስምምዕ ዝከላኸለሉ ትካላት የዳኽሙ ወይ ድማ  የፍርስዎ። ንህዝቢ ብጸቢብ ስምዒታት ምክፍፊልካ ኣብ ሕድሕዱ ከምዘይሰማማዕ ምግባሩ ከኣ ካልእ መሳሪሕኦም እዩ። ኩነታት ሃገርና ኣብ ትሕቲ ዘቤታዊ ጭቆና  ህግዲፍ ዝያዳ ኣገራሚ ዝኸውን ድማ፡ ንቃለ-ዓለም እውን ሕጊ ዝበሃል ዘይምህላዉ እዩ። እዚ ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ክሳብ ክንደይ ነቲ ብቃልሱ ኣብ ዙፋን ዘቐመጦ ህዝብና ከም ዝንዕቆን ዝድንድኖን ዘርኢ እዩ። ሎሚ ብሰንኪ ክቱር ንዕቀት ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝብና ዝረአ ዘሎ ኩነታት ህዝብን መንግስትን፡ በብጽሒቶም ፈሊጦም ብሓባር ሃገር ኣብ ዝሃንጽሉን ዝሕልውሉን ኣይኮኑን ዘለዉ። ብኣንጻሩ ህዝቢ ህልውናኡን ቀጻልነት ልኡላውነቱን ከውሕስ፡ ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ከኣ ልኡላዊ ቀጻልነት ህዝብን ሃገርን ኤርትራ ከጥፍእ፡ ኣብ ዝለዓለ ናይ ምድሓንን ዘይምድሓንን ወሳኒ ምትሕንናቕ እዮም ዝርከቡ። ናይዚ ቀንዲ ጠንቂ ከኣ ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ካብ ሕጋዊ ቀይድን ህዝባውን ሃገራውን ሓልዮትን ወጺኡ፡ ቅትለት፡ ዓመጽን መን ኣለኒ በሃልነትን ሓሊፉ ብክብሪ ሃገር ምውጋይ ስለ ዝተኸተለ እዩ።

ዘይሩ ዘይሩ ግና መጻኢ ዕድል ህዝቢ ኤርትራን ጉጅለ ህግዲፍን ካብቲ ዝምድና ባሕርን ዓሳን ወጻኢ ኣይክኸውንን እዩ። ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ብድሌት ህግዲፍ ዝደናጐ እምበር ዘይኩለፍ፡ ንዓኡ ዝምጥን ስርዓተ-መንግስቲ ናይ ምፍጣር ድሌት፡ ስልጣንን ዓቕምን ኣለዎ። ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ብኣንጻሩ፡ ከምዚ ሎሚ ንዕዘቦ ዘለና ዘርባዕብዑ፡ ንሓዋሩ ዝዕንድረሉ ህዝቢ ጠፋጢፉ ክሰርሕ፡ ድሌት እምበር ዓቕምን ስልጣንን የብሉን። ሓደ እዋን ህዝብና ከምዚ ጀሚርዎ ዘሎ፡ ብሓደ ቃል “ደጊም ይኣኽለካ ውረድ ካብ ዝባና” ምስ በሎ፡ ካብ ባሕሪ እንተወጺኡ ከም ዝመውት ዓሳ፡ በድኒ ኮይኑ ዝጐሓፈሉ ግዜ፡ ርሑቕ ኣይክኸውንን እዩ። እቲ ጉጅለ  ኣብዚ እዋንዚ ዝነዝሖ ዘሎ ናይ “ኣለና ማለት” ሓሶት ከኣ ናይ ጻዕረ-ሞት ምልክት እምበር ናይ ሓያልነቱ መግለጺ ኣይኮነን። ጽባሕ ብመሪር ቃልሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ፡ ኣብ ልዕልቲ ናብ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ምቕራብ ተጸይፉ ናብ ኣዲስ ኣበባ ዝጐዪ ዘሎ መላኽን ጉጅለኡን ዘይተርፍ ዓወት ክምዝገብ እዩ። ህዝብና ከኣ ንክብሩ ዝምጥን ብሕገመንግስቲ ዝምራሕ፡ ህዝባውን ዲሞክራስያውን ስርዓት ክምስረት እዩ። ህግዲፍ ከኣ ካብቲ ህዝባዊ ባሕሪ ምስ ተጓሕፈ ካብ ማይ ናይ ዝወጸ ዓሳ ጽዋዕ ክጭልጥ እዩ።

ሎሚ በቲ ሓደ ወገን ክብርን ቀጻልነትን ህዝቢ ኤርትራ፡ በቲ ካልእ ወገን ከኣ ዘይተርፍ ምንቁልቋል ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ዘርእዩ ብዙሓት ምልክታት ኣለና ይብሉ ኣለዉ። ንሕና ኣይኮነንዶ ሎሚ ኩነታት ኣብ ባይታ ከመይ ከምዘሎ እንዳረኣናን እንዳሰማዕናን፡ ካብ ቅድም እውን “ህዝቢ ነባሪ’ዩ፡ ህግዲፍ ግና ሓላፊ’ዩ” ዝብል መደምደምታ፡ ንምዕዋቱ እንቃለሰሉ መሰረታዊ እምነትና እዩ። እቶም ክሳብ ሎሚ ጉዳያት ገላቢጦም “ህግዲፍ ነባሪ እዩ፡ ህዝቢ ከኣ ተሰዓሪ’ዩ ብዝቓንኡ፡ ኣብ ዙርያ ህግድፍ ከምሰስዉ ዝጸንሑ ኩሎም፡ ናብ ልቦም ተመሊሶምን ተናሲሖምን “ህዝቢ ነባሪ’ዩ፡ ህግዲፍ ግና ሓላፊ’ዩ” ዝብል ባይታ ረጊጹ ንዘሎ ሓቂ ክርዕሙ ንጽወዖም።

ካብቲ ናይ ምልካዊ ኣተሓሳስባ ናጻ ዲና?፡ እዚ ምልካዊ ኣተሓሳስባ እዚ እንተስ ብግሁድ ወይ እውን ተዘዋዋሪ መገዲ፥ “ኣነ እየ ዝመርሓካ”  ዝብል ስምዒት ካብ ኣእምሮና ኣይተሓኸኸን ዘሎ። ከምኡ ስለዝኾነ’ውን ይኸውን፡ ነቲ ዘሰማምዓካን ዘራኽበካን ገዲፍካ፥ ኣብቲ ዘየራኽበካን ዘየሰማምዓካን ሸንኮለል ዘብለና ዘሎ። እወ! ወግሐ ጸብሐ ዋላ እኳ ውደባ እንተዘይተጸልአ፥ ወትሩ ሓዲሽ ውደባ ምፍጣር ንገዛእ ርእሱ  ካብቲ “ኣነ እየ ዝመርሓካ፥  ዝብል ኣተሓሳስባ ናጻ ኣይኮነን።

ልክዕ እዩ፡ ወዲ ሰብ ካብ መፈጠርትኡ ኣትሒዙ መነባብሮኡ፥ መግቡ፥ ክዳኑ ከምኡ እውን መጽለሊኡ ዝኣመሰሉ መሰረታዊ ተፈጥሮኣዊ ኣድልይነታት ከውሕስ ይኹን ንባህሪ ክቆጻጸር ክቃለስ ናይ ግድን እዩ።   ነዚ ብተግባር ከሰንዮ ድማ ብዝኾነ ይኹን ኣገባብ፥  ካብ ግዚ ናብ ግዜ ጥሙሓት ወይ ጦብላሕታታት  ከዛይድን፡ ብኡ መሰረት ድማ ናይ ምብሓትን ምውናንን፥ ካልእ ባህርያት የጥርን የማዕብልን። እዚ ከምዚ ዝዓይነቱ ባህሪ ዝውንን ባእታ፡ ድሌቱ ከዕውት ስልጣን ናይ ምጭባጥ  ሕልና ክህልዎ ይኽእል እዩ።   እዞም ከምዚ ዝተጠቕሰ ባህሪ ዘለዎም ሰባት፡ ስልጣን እንተጨቢጦም ድማ፡ ክጭቁኑን ናተይ ስምዑ ዝብል ጠባይ ከምዘማዕብሉ ክጽዕሩን ርዱእ እዩ። ምኽንያቱ፡ እቲ ናይ ስልጣን ምብሓት ሕልና፡ ምስ ካልኦት ኢሂን ምሂን ኢሉ ክዛተየሉን ሓሳብ ንሓሳብ ክለዋወጠሉን፡ ዘኽእል ተጻዋርነት የብሉን። እዚ  ነቲ ፍትሕን ዲሞክራሲያዊ ምሕደራን ኣሳታፍነትን ዝብል ስነ-ፍልጠታዊ ኣምራት ክኣምነሉ ኣይክእልን እዩ። ከመይሲ ሕልና ወዲ ሰብ ምስቲ ባህርያዊ ተፈጥሮኡ  ተኣሳሲሩ ነቲ ድሌታቱ ከምዝግዛእ ብሩህ እዩ። 

ካብዚ ብምንቃል ሓደ ሰብ፡ እቲ ኣብ ኣእምሮኡ ዘሎ ናይ ውልቁ ዝና፡ ረብሓን ስልጣንን ልዕሊ ኩሉ ገይሩ ስለዝወስዶ፥ ናይ ካልኦት ሓሳባትን ርእይቶታትን፡ ኣብ ግምት ከኣቱ ይኹን ናይ ምስማዕ ተዕግስትን ተኽእሎን ፈጺሙ የብሉን። እዚ ባህሪ እዚ  ካብ ግዜ ናብ ግዜ እናሰፍሐን እናደልደለን ዝኸይድ  ጥሙሓት ይዕብልል። ነዚ ጥሙሓት እዚ ንምትግባር ድማ ሃይማኖታዊ፥ ዓሌታዊ (አትኒክ) ባህላዊ ወይ እውን ኣደናጋሪ ነፍሕታት፡ ዝምቡዕ ሓበረታን፥ ኣጉል ተስፋን ከይተጠቕመ ስልጣን ዓትዒቱ ኽጭብጥ ኣይክእልን። ምኽንያቱ ፡ ስልጣኑ ብሒቱ ካልኦት ድማ ብሒም ከምዘይብሉ ክቕጽል እንተኾይኑ፥ እቶም ካብ ስነፍልጠት ወጻኢ ዝኾኑ ድሑር ኣተሓሳስባታትን “ኣነ እየ ዝመርሓካ” ዝብል ኣተሓሳስባን ጥራይ እዮም። እዚ ነቲ ሕብረተሰብ  እንተስ  ሓለፋታት ብምሃብ ወይ  ኣፈራሪሑ ወይ እውን ከፋፊሉ ብምግዛእ  ኣብ ትሕቲ ቁጽጽሩ ንኸእትዎም ግርም ገይሩ ዝሕግዞ ጉዳይ እዩ።  ብፍላይ እቲ ሕረተሰብ፡ ኣብ ጸጊዕነትን ድሑር ዝምባሌታትን ዝጠሓለ እንተኾይኑ፥ መፍቶ ናይቶም ኣነ ኢየ ዝመርሓካ ዝብል ኣተሓሳስባ ዘለዎም ዓቢ መኽሰብ እዩ። ስለዚ እዞም ብመልሓስና ዲሞክራሲያውያን ኮይና እንምድርን ንህዝቢ ኣሎናልካ እናበልና እንጥብርን  ነቲ  ዝተጠቕሰ ድሑር ንዕምሪ ስልጣጣንና ዘናውሕ ዝንባለታት ክንጥቀመሉ ናይ ግድን እዩ።

ከምቲ ኣቐዲሙ ዝተገልጸ፡  ኣብቲ ስነ-ልቦናን ኣተሓሳስባን እዩ ዘሎ እቲ ቀንዲ ሽግር።  ገሊኡ ኣዛዚ ወይ  ሓለቓ ኮይኑ፡ ንሱ ዝደልዮ እምበር ናይ ካልኦት ሓሳብ ኣብ ግምት ከእቱ ዘይደሊ። ስልጣን ኣብ ኢዱ ምስ ጨበጣ ኣብ ክንዲ ብሰፊሑ ሓሳባት ምውህላል፡ ኣብ ናይ ውሑዳት ሓሳባት ይሙርኰስ። ነዚ ንምትግባር  ኣብ ዙርያኡ”እወ ሓቅኻ” እናበሉ ዘሻድንዎ ኣካላት መሪጹ ኣብ ጎኑ ይእክብ።  ነዚኦም ኣብ ኢዱ ምስ ኣእተዎም ከኣ ኣነ ዝበልኩኹም ግበሩ ካብ ዝብል ሓሳብ ኣይወጽእን። ብተወሳኺ ዝምድናታቱ ምስቶም ዝኣምንዎን፥ ንሱ ውን ከምድላዩ ሸዀርተት ዘብሎምን ኮይኑ፥ ንርእይቶታት ካልኦት  ሸለል ኢሉ ከመሓድርን ክቆጻጸርን ኣነ እየ ዝመርሓካ ዝብል ባእታ ይኸውን። ኣብ ከምዚ እዋን እዚ፥ ከምዚ ዝዓይነቱ ኣተሓሳስባ ዝውንን ወይ  ዝኽተል ባእታ፡ ነታ ንሱ ዝደልያ ንዝጻረር ኣካል፡ ኣብ ጐድኑ ወይ ኣብ ዙርያኡ ገይሩ ምስኡ ክዋሳእ ፈጺሙ ቅሳነት ኣይህቦን። በዚ ምኽንያት ካብኡ ብርእይቶ  ዝፈለዩ ወይ ዝፍለ ዝበለ፥ ብገለ ምኽንያት ኣመሳሚሱ  ልክዕ ከምዛ ውለቀ መላኺ ስርዓት ኢሰያስ ዝገብራ፥ ካብ ሓላፍነት የውርዶ። እዞም ከምዚ ናይ በዓል ኢሰያስ  ምልካዊ ኣተሓሳስባ ዘለዎም  ባእታታት፡ መጀመርያ ዲሞክራሲ ንእትብል ቃል ፈጺሞም ኣይኣምኑላን ኢዮም። እቶም ንዲሞክራሲ ንኣምን ዝብሉ  እንተኾኑ እውን፥ ነቲ ንሶም ኣብ ላዕሊ ኮይኖም ሓሳባቶም ጥራይ ክስዕር ዝደልዩ እምበር፡  ነቲ መሰረት ናይ ዲሞክራሲ ኣብ ታሕቲ ክሃንጽዎ ኣይደልዩን ኢዮም። ምኽንያቱ ጽባሕ ንግሆ ኣብታ ስልጣኖም ክትመጾም ስለዝኾነካ ንትሓታትነትን ቁጽጽርን ድልዋት ኣይኮኑን።

Saturday, 02 May 2020 20:28

Radio Dimtsi Harnnet Sweden 02.05.2020

Written by

By Petros Tesfagiorgis

The ruler of Eritrea, Isaias Afeworki, has refused the COVID-19 supplies donated by the Chinese billionaire Jack Ma and his Alibaba Group. The plane carrying the goods was not authorized to land in

By Petros Tesfagiorgis

The ruler of Eritrea, Isaias Afeworki, has refused the COVID-19 supplies donated by the Chinese billionaire Jack Ma and his Alibaba Group. The plane carrying the goods was not authorized to land in Eritrea and returned to where it came without delivering the intended goods. Because of this the people of Eritrea will be paying a heavy price.

Monday 20 April 2020 the Covid-19 pandemic Global update was:  Infected: 2.4 million; Deaths: 168.000;   Recovered: 485,455

The figures above show that out of more than 2.4 million people affected by Covid-19 there is a good number of people who recovered. That shows government guidelines issued to their citizens to protect themselves from the virus is helpful. There are also other forms of support. For example, in UK there are more than 75,000 volunteers who deliver shopping to those who are sick and old.  There are food banks that distribute food for free to the poor and there is financial help for those who lost their income and cannot pay their house rents and other bills.

In contrast, poor countries lack the resources and expertise to do the same.  This was acknowledged globally and the rich countries felt responsible to provide help.

To that effect, the High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs, Josep Borrell said that “cooperation and joint efforts at the international level and multilateral solutions are the way forward, for a true global agenda for the future.” The EU has pledged to provide help worth more than €15.6 billion for countries across Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Balkan region to fight the coronavirus pandemic, of which €3.25 billion is to be channelled to Africa, including €1.19 billion for the Northern African neighbourhood countries.

The Prime Minster of Ethiopia, Dr Abiy Ahmed (PMAA) has written a long letter highlighting the consequence of failing to help the poor countries. He concluded, “We can defeat this invisible and vicious adversary but only with global leadership. However, this is not shared by his confidant, Isaias Afeworki.

This pandemic coronavirus is a global enemy that needs a global effort and commitment to defeat it. Sadly Isaias Afworki does not subscribe to this.  He chose to be a pariah an outcast by design. Is it because getting international help demands monitoring and Isaias is against it, this is has become a serious issue among the Diaspora Eritreans

The decision of the Eritrean government not to accept help from the Chinese billionaire Jack Ma has worried health experts because Eritrea is not equipped to fight a pandemic. Meron Stefanos, executive director of the Eritrean Initiative on Refugee Rights, said to VOA: “Eritrea is not ready for anything.  First of all, just eight months ago, Eritrea shut down 29 clinics run by the Roman Catholic Church.

Furthermore the Government of Ethiopia has ordered the closure of Hitsats refugee camp were 13,000 Eritrean refugees including 1600 minors live. To transfer them to the other crowded camps of Aba Guna, Mayaini and Shimelba on Lorries and buses having to drive for long distances is dangerous. Unaccompanied Eritrean Children are at risk in Ethiopia due to the country’s revised refugee policy, reports Human Rights Watch.

Another troubling incident is the decision of the Ethiopian Government   to stop giving asylum to Eritreans. The repression in Eritrea is continuing unabated so why this change of policy at this time.  This has given rise to all kind of conspiracy theories such as that Isaias has a hand in it.  Many Eritreans asylum seekers unable to get any support from UNHCR are forced to beg in the streets of the town of Mekele, Shire and other towns in the Tigray region.  The population of Tigray and the Government of Tigray region are doing their best to help. This is unforgettable act of sympathy and solidarity.  It is the right way of building peace between the people of Tigray and Eritrea.

The regime do not want to close SAWA, a military training camp where the school leaving year, 12th grade, is taking place. In the camp thousands of young people from the age of 18 to 40 are kept hostages and are assigned to work for international mining companies, in construction sights and farms owned by corrupt high ranking army officers.  It is a form of slavery.  At the same time the regime claims they are there to defend the country from the threat of Weyan (TPLF) invasion. It is an escape goat to hold hostage the youth so they will not oppose the gross human rights violations in Eritrea. In SAWA people live in Dormitories in big numbers and eat in a cafeteria. If the coronavirus entered Sawa it is going to be genocide.

On April 6, the Heads of State of member countries of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) agreed to formulate a plan to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. The leaders of Uganda, Kenya, Djibouti, Somalia, and Sudan together with the prime minster of Ethiopia and the First Vice President of South Sudan held a virtual summit as the amount of confirmed COVID-19 cases keeps increasing in their countries.  Eritrea was the only IGAD member state absent during the virtual summit.  Isaias is scared that being a member of IGAD may require to abide by its decisions one of which could be to release prisoners. That will be unacceptable by Isaias.

It has become crystal clear that the priority of Isaias is to hide his crimes and bury truths and not to release prisoners and save lives. Family members and friends are not allowed to visit their loved ones in prison. More often than not they don’t even know in what prison they are kept and whether they are dead or alive. Some sources reveal that many have died and are buried in unmarked graves.

What is to be done? There is no other way except seize the most challenging momentum yet and call for action: There is no time the regime must be sued to face trial.

To sum up the Government of Eritrea has blocked any help to combat COVID-19. It rejected the United Nations appeal to release prisoners. It failed to close the training camp of SAWA. About 8 months ago it closed 29 health centres serving many villages and small towns. As a consequence how many sick people, including pregnant women are dying of lack of simple health care? The UN inquiry commission on Eritrea reported that the many violations in Eritrea are of a scope and scale seldom seen anywhere else in today’s world. The commission finds that crime against humanity may have occurred with regard to torture, extrajudicial executions, forced labour in the context of national service.

These are powerful set of crimes for which the regime has no defence when and if is brought to the court of law. To act along those line are the only way the just seekers can challenge the power of the regime.

There are information that explains the worst that could happen to the developing countries.

Coronavirus pandemic ‘will cause famine of biblical proportions’

Fiona Harvey Environment correspondent

The Guardian

I quote “Covid-19 is likely to be sweeping through the developing world but its spread is hard to gauge. What appears to be certain is that the fragile healthcare systems of scores of developing countries will be unable to cope, and the economic disaster following in the wake of the pandemic will lead to huge strain on resources

The desperate situation in Eritrea is expressed in a letter sent to the UN by Daniela Kravetz the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation   of human rights in Eritrea, highlighting the danger Eritreans are facing because of COVID-19.  The special rapporteur is alerting the UN of the danger to Eritreans.

First and foremost, the Just seekers have to prepare well packaged manifesto of the already documented gross human right violations.

Second:  It has to be remembered that when the UN inquiry commission reported all the crime committed in Eritrea, the UN did not take any   action. It failed even to condemn Isaias let alone bring Isaias to court.  Simply, Justice has been denied to the Eritrean people by the UN. It is a historical blunder. The UN encouraged by the peace reached between Eritrea and Ethiopia allowed Eritrea to be a member of the UN human rights commission. Isaias felt more empowered as to close the 29 clinics and imprisoned several Muslims. There are a lot of questions to be answered by the UN.

Third: The just seekers has another option. To go it alone and sue Isaias in courts in the West. It is possible to sue a governments by an individual or groups of individuals in courts in Europe – of a crime that involves thousands of people – in a form of class action. Class action can be brought by few people but could represent thousands of victims in the same case.

Take the example of Citizens for Peace (CPE) in Eritrea.  Following the senseless Ethio-Eritrean border war of 1998-2000, CPA, to which I was a founding member was active in helping a group of American lawyers who initiated a class action case against the Government of Ethiopia on behalf of some expelled Eritreans whose properties were confiscated.  The American Lawyers succeeded in convincing an American law firm to take the case to the US court. The legal hearing / proceedings had been set in motion. The Ethiopians said that they are ready to pay any compensation but there is already a commission regarding compensation and they   will deal with it when the study is complete. They said they will cooperate with it and give compensation.  Indeed there were 3 commissions. Boundary commission, Compensation commission and commission to study how and who started the war.

Belatedly more Ethiopians found out that Isaias hands are poisonous, instead of promoting peace in Eritrea and in Ethiopia he became the champions of hate, dishing out hate campaign   against the regional Government of Tigray in collusion with the Ethiopian extremists like ESSAT.

The most important question is how do deal with it. I don’t have an answer to that but it worries me. There must a committee staffed with professional activists to run the show.  

On the positive side many professional association have mushroomed among the Diaspora, The Eritrean Law society, the newly formed Eritrean women Association in USA who launched a successful conference in Washington DC. A noticeable growth in the confidence and determination of Eritrean women.  One such positive thing of immense importance is the formation of Professional Associations composed of 95 Eritreans Ph.D. holders. There are many other activists such as Hidri Jeganuna,   Eri-platform, Eritrea Focus, Network of Eritrean women in Europe. Most importantly the Eritrean youth.  The youth are on fire saying enough is enough the regime has to go. They have established popular Eritrean Mass Movement “Yiakle” . There are also the contribution of the  political parties.

On the negative side. There is a lack of action that became a handicap to move forward. It must come to an end. During the closure of 29 Health centres, the imprisonment of Muslims in masses and the campaign to refuse to go to SAWA by the youth in Asmara. Nothing was done to condemn the regime. The slogan of the justice seekers “the voice of the voiceless” still remains a slogan only. The just seekers have failed to seize such important momentums and build pressure on the regime and gain valuable experience in working together.

I was about to post this article to Assena.com when someone told me that Martin Plaut has twitted that the British and US Government have asked their nationals to leave Eritrea. Something is cooking.  May be Isaias is losing control.

That makes even more urgent to act. Isaias is exposed more than ever and even the Ethiopians belatedly learned that he is a liability to them as well. Today the powerful media of Ethiopia is exposing the Human Rights violations in Eritrea. They are asking to clean his house first before he interferes in the internal affairs of Ethiopia.

We have to make clear to the world our objectives   in shaping the highest values in Eritrea: Freedom, democracy, justice, equality, and respect of human rights, the rule of law, fairness and sovereignty. Also in peace with our neighbours.

I reiterate the people of Eritrea wanted peace with all Ethiopians and not minus Tigray. Yes, we have to keep on looking for ways to have real peace- not peace between leaders only but also between our people. A kind of peace that puts the welfare of the people centre stage.  Peace is about re-conciliation, forgiveness, to use the language of peace and other forms of peace building exercises. After so many years of being victims of human rights violation we have to be champion of peace in the Horn. To be so is to reject proxy wars that is bleeding Africa.

The Eritrean Mass movement (Yiakl) are quick to   establish charities to help the refuges mismanaged in Ethiopia   COVID-19 Relief for help refugees is organised by Eritrean Community Connections. Let all of us be generous and help.

The End

Citizen for Peace in Eritrea (CPE) is a voluntary Association of concerned Eritrean citizens who have come together as a committee for the purpose of studying and disseminating information about the Ethio-Eritrean conflict and its human consequences.

Friday, 01 May 2020 10:58

Radio Dimtsi Harnnet Kassel 30.04.2020

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