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ብዛዕባ መንእሰያት ዝዘተየ ብዞባ ኤውሮጳ ሰህኤ ዝተዓደመ ኣባላት ሰልፊ ሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ካብ ኩሉ ኩርነዓት  ዝተሳተፍዎ ኣኼባ ብ24 ለካቲት 2017 ኣብ ፓልቶክ ተኻይዱ። ኣብዚ ኣኼባ ኣቦ- መንበር ሰልፊ ብጻይ መንግስተኣብ ኣስመሮም ንመንእሰያት ዝምልከት ሰፊሕ መብርሂ ሂቡ።

ብጻይ መንግስተኣብ ኣስመሮም ኣብዚ ሰፊሕ መግለጺኡ መንእሰይ ዝበሃል ክፍሊ ሕብረተሰብ ኣየናይ ምዃኑ ምስ ጠቐሰ ግደን ተመኩሮን ኤርትራዊ መንእሰይ ኣብ ግዜ ሰውራ ዘርዚሩ። ኣስዒቡ ድማ መንእሰይ እቲ ደም ከፊሉ ናጽነትን ልኡላውነት ኢርትራ ዘውሓሰ ክነሱ፡ ሞሳ መስዋእቱ ዝተነፍጎ ጥራይ ዘይኮነ ኣብ ሃገሩ ብሰላም ክነብር ዘይከኣለ ምዃኑ እውን ብመርተዖታት ኣሰንዩ ኣብሪሁ። ካብቲ ብዙሕ ሞሳ ቃልሱ ከም ዘይረኸበ ዘመልክት ኣብነታት፡ እዚ ብዋሕዚ ዝስደዶ ዘሎን ኣብቲ ጉዕዞ ስደት ንምግላጹ ዘጸግም ዘጋጥሞ ዘሎ መከራን ምዃኑ እውን ብዝርዝር ኣመልኪቱ። መንእሰይ ኣብ ስደት ኣንጻር’ቲ ናብ ስደት ዘብቀዖ ጸረ-መንእሰይ ብፍላይ ጥራይ ዘይኮነ ጸላኢ መልእ ህዝቢ ዝኾነ ዲክታቶር ኣብ ዝግበር ዘሎ ቃልሲ ብኸንድቲ ዝድለ ይሳተፍ  ከምዘየለ ጠቒሱ፡ ከምኡ ንክኸውን ዘገደድዎ ጉዳያት ጸብጺቡ።መማረጺ ኣብ ዘየብሉ  ኣዝዩ ኣግላሊ ፕሮፓጋንዳ ስርዓት ህግደፍ ምዕባዩ ቀንዲ ምኽንያት ምዃኑ’ውን ኣብሪሁ። ኩነታት ከምዚ ኢሉ ብዝሕቱል ተሳትፎ መንእሰይ እንተቀጺሉ ሳዕቤኑ ሓደገኛ ምዃኑ ድሕሪ ምሕባር ድማ ብወገን ሰህኤ ነዚ ሓደጋዚ ንምውጋድ ክስረሓሉ ዝጸንሓን ዘሎን ጻዕሪ ገሊጹ ጌና ዝተርፎ ከም ዘሎ ከኣ ኣተንቢሁ።

ኣብዚ ኣኼባ ዝነበረ ሓው መድሃኔ ብትዝጊ ሓላፊ ቤት ጽሕፈት ጉዳይ መንእሰያት ሰህኤ ብጻይ መድሃኔ ህብትዝጊ ብወገኑ ኣብ ዝሃቦ ርኢቶ ከኣ፡ ዞባ ኤውሮጳ ጉዳይ መንእሰያት ንሓደ ኣካ ሰልፊ ጥራይ ዝግደፍ ከምዘይኮነ ተረዲኡ ነቲ ኣኼባ ምስርዑ ኣመስጊኑ። ቀጺሉ ከኣ እቲ ንሱ ዝመርሑ ቤት ጽሕፈት ጉዳይ መንእሰያት፡ መንእሰይ ኣብ ቃልሲ ክሳተፍ ዘኽል ዝኽእል ኩነታት ንምፍጣር የካይዶ ዘሎ ጻዕርታት ዘርዚሩ እቲ ብዚ መዳይ ትጽቢት ዝግበረሉ ለውጢ ክመጽእ ተስፋኡ ልዑል ምዃኑ ኣብሪሁ። ኣብዚ ኣኼባ ንዝቐረበ ሃናጺ መገልጽን ርኢቶታትን ቤት ጽሕፈቱ ክሰርሕሉ ምዃኑ ገሊጹ።

ኣቐድም ኣቢልሉ ሓው ይስሃቅ ወልደማርያም ኣቦ- መንበር ዞባ ኤውሮጳ ንተሳተፍቲ ምስጋናኡ ብምቕራብ፡ ነዚ ኣኼባ ክውድቡ ብዛዕባ ዝደረኾም ሓልዮት ጠቒሱ  ሓጺር መእተዊ ቃል ኣስሚዑ።

መድርኽ ሕቶን ርኢቶን ምስ ዝተኸፍተ ድማ ተሳተፍቲ ብዛዕባ ጉዳይ መንእሰያት ከምዚ ዝኣአመሰል ኣኼባ ምክያዱ ንኢዶም። ዝያዳ ዝተነባረቐ ካልእ ኣገዳሲ ሓሳብ ከኣ ጉዳይ መንእሰያት ከምቲ ኣብ ቃልሲ ዘለዎ መተካእታ ዘየብሉ  ግደ  ኣብቲ ዝድለ ደረጃ ንምብጽሑ ከቢድን ቀጻልን ቃልሲ ስለ ዝሓትት  በብዓቕሞኻ ብውልቂ ኮነ ብሓባር ጻዕሪ ክገብርሉ ተሰማሚዖም። ብዘይካዚ ብዛዕባዚ ጉዳይ ዓሚቕ ኣፍልጦ ስለ ዘድሊ፡ ካብ ተሳተፍቲ ኣብ መጻኢ  ነዚ ዛዕባዚ ዝምልከት መጽናዕታዊ ጽሑፋት ሒዞም ክቐርብሉ ቃል ዝኣተዉሉ ኣጋጣሚ’ውን ነይሩ።

The Local

Amnesty slams Switzerland’s 'illegal' treatment of migrants at Italian border
Amnesty organized a flashmob in support of refugees in Rome last June. Photo: Alberto Pizzoli/AFP
12:24 CET+01:00
Amnesty International has criticized the actions of Switzerland in turning back migrants at the Italian border last year, saying it acted “illegally”.
In a press release accompanying its annual report 2016/17, published on Wednesday, Amnesty said the Swiss authorities “had illegally turned back several thousand asylum seekers to Italy”. 
Among them were “several hundred unaccompanied minors, many of them who had relatives in Switzerland,” it said.
Switzerland’s border guards hit the headlines last summer when reports emerged that migrants trying to get into the country at the border with Italy in the canton of Ticino were being turned back. 
Italy complained that Switzerland’s actions were causing hundreds of migrants to become stranded in the Italian city of Como, with makeshift camps springing up around the train station. 
At the time the president of an Italian refugee organization said Switzerland had suspended an agreement with Italy allowing some migrants to cross into Italy. 
But a spokesman for the Swiss border agency told The Local that no such agreement existed and that Switzerland was simpling following the rules. 
Under Swiss law, any migrant who wishes to seek asylum in Switzerland must present themselves at the border and request asylum. They will then be registered with the relevant authorities and taken into the Swiss asylum system. 
However many migrants do not wish to claim asylum in Switzerland but simply pass through the country in order to reach another, such as Germany, and claim asylum there. 
In that case, the Swiss authorities do not consider them to have refugee status and therefore they are sent back to the country they arrived from.
However in a statement obtained by news agency ATS, Denise Graf, asylum coordinator of the Swiss section of Amnesty, said the methods used by Swiss border guards “prevented or dissuaded people from entering the country”.
Migrants, including minors, told Amnesty they had tried to lodge an asylum request on numerous occasions but did not succeed.
In refusing people asylum, “the border guards violate Swiss law,” said Amnesty. 
Border guards also failed to properly assess people’s circumstances before sending them back to Italy, particularly where children were concerned, while a lack of interpreters fuelled confusion at the border, according to the human rights body. 
No one interviewed by Amnesty in Como had received information from the Swiss authorities about the correct procedure to follow, it added.
Contacted by The Local, David Marquis, a spokesman for the Swiss Border Agency, said they “vehemently reject this criticism from Amnesty International” and that they had complied with all applicable laws. 
Those who seek asylum or protection in accordance with the law are passed to reception centres run by the Swiss migration office (SEM), it said. 
However migrants who merely want to pass through the country and who do not fulfil conditions of entry under Article 5 of the Foreigners Act are extradited to Italy under the terms of a readmission agreement dating from 2000. 
The agency is “in constant contact with various relief organizations” in order to “optimize” its processes, added Marquis.
Amnesty’s annual report also criticized Switzerland for other actions last year, including restrictions on the movements of asylum seekers in reception centres, and the use of disproportionate force by police in certain cantons during operations to expel migrants. 
Concerns remain over attempts to deport asylum seekers suffering from mental illness, said the report, mentioning the attempted deportation of a Kurd who had previously tried to commit suicide.
The report also picked up on the case of a 19-year-old dual national who intended to join Isis, saying the SEM wanted to strip him of his Swiss nationality even though he hadn’t yet been convicted of any crime. 
However Amnesty did have some good things to say, praising the “positive measures” that came out of the new law on asylum, passed in a referendum in June 2016.
It also noted a new law requiring cantons to ensure that young asylum seekers had access to education, and the lower house of Parliament’s vote in favour of giving gay people to right to adopt their partner’s children.
 

እቲ ካብ ክፍላ ጥሪ ጀሚሩ ብዙሕ ጎስጓስን ዳንኬራን ክግበረሉ ዝቐነየ ቃለ መሓትት ዲክታቶር ኢሳያስ ካብ 27-29. 01.2017 ዓ.ም.ፈ. ከም ዝተኻየደ ብዙሓት ኤርትራውያን ዝተኸታትልዎ ሓቂ እዩ።

 ኣነውን ካብ ዲክታቶር ፕረሲደንት ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቂ ጥዑይ መልሲ ክረክብ ትጽቢት‘ኳ እንተዘይነበርኒ፡ ኢሎሞ ካብ ምባል ባዕለይ ክሰምዕ  ብምውሳን ክሳብ መወዳእታ ተኸታቲለዮ፡ ካብ‘ቲ ዝሰማዕክዎ ፍረ-ኣልቦ ገለጽኡ ነቒለ ድማ፡ ነዛ ከም አርእስቲ ዝመረጽክዋ ንትሕዝቶ መልስታቱ እትገልጽ ምስላ ኣመልኪተ መልእኽተይ ንምትሕልላፍ ኣብ ቀንዲ መበገስየይ ከስግረኩም።

 

ፕረሰደንት ኢሳያስ ኣብ ዘቤታውን ዞባውን ዓለማውን ዘጠቓለለ ገለ ኣገደስቲ ገለ ከኣ ንህልኽ ዝዕድም ንዝቐረቡሉ ሕቶታት ክምልስ ከሎ፡ ኣቐዲሙ ክቐርቡ ዝወሰኖም ከም ዝነበሩ ብዝእምት ኣገባብ ከም ዘይቀረቡን ብሕጂ ቀሪቦም ክምልስ ድልው ምዃኑን ብምሕባር ልቢ ዘይፈልጥዎ የውሃን ከደናግር ፈቲኑ።ነቶም ሓቀኛ ባህሪያቱ ዝፈልጡ ግን፡ እቲ መደብ ነቲ ከም ናይ ካልኦት መራሕቲ ሃገራት ኣብ ዓለምለኻዊ መጋብኣያ ተረኺቡ ንክምድር ብሰንኪ‘ቲ ሓርፋፍ ባህሪያቱን ግጉይ ዲፕሎማሲዊ ፖሊስኡን ብእገዳ ምኽንያት ዘይረኸቦ ዕድል ኣብ‘ዛ ናይ በይኑ ሕዛእቲ ዝኾነት ቲቪኤረ ትሓቢኡ ተሃኑ ከውጽእ እምበር፡ ንህዝብን ሃገርን ዘገድሱ ሕቶታት ክምልስ ዝዓለመ ከምዘይኮነ ኣረጋጊጾም ዝፈልጥዎን ዘይጽበይዎን ሓቂ እዩ።

 

ስለ ዝኾነ ናይ ሓባር ሚዛን ንምሃብን መታን ክንኽእልን ካብኡ ተበጊስና ድማ ፍታሕ ንምንዳይ ነብስና ክንጸምድን ነተን ሕቶታትን ዝሃቦ መልስን ንመልከት፡፡ ንዘቤታዊ ጉዳይ፡ ንቁጠባዊ ልምዓት ዝምልከት ዝተታሕዘ እንታይ ሓድሽ መደብ ኣሎ? ምቕያር ባጤራን በጺሕዎ ዘሎ ደረጃን፡ መደብ ደሞዝን ምስትኽኻል ኣተገባብርኡን፡ ክኢላዊ ዓቕሚ ንምፍራይ  እንታይ መደብ ኣሎ?

 

ክኢላዊ ዓቕምና ንምጽንቃቕ ንዝካየድ ዘሎ ሸርሕታት ንምክልኻል እንታይ መደብ ኣሎ? ፖለቲካውን ዲፕሎማስያውን ሃገርና ንምሕያል ኮነ እገዳ ንምልዓል ዝምልከት እንታይ ዝተታሕዘ መደብ ኣሎ? ጸገም ኣባይቲ ንምፍታሕ ዝወጸ መደብ እንተሎ ዝብሉ ንምምላስ ብጽዓት ጀሚሩ።ጽዓት ኣብ ልምዓት ሓንቲ ሃገር ኣገዳሲ ቅድመ ኩነት ምዃኑ ብምርዳእ ቀዳምነት ተዋሂብዎ  120 ኪሎዋት ከመንጩ ዝኽእል ትካል ጽዓት ሕርጊጎ‘ ሃኒጽና። እንተኾነ ብምኽንያት ዘይጥንቁቕ እተሓሕንዛን ቅልጡፍ ጽገናን ክሰርሕስ ይትረፍ ኣሎ ንምባል ኣብ ዘሰክፍ ደረጃ ስለ ዝበጽሐ እኹል ኣገልግሎት ንክህብ፡ እንደገና ካብ‘ቲ ቅድም ዝወጸሉ ገንዘብን ጉልበትን ዘይውሕድ ከም ዝሓትት ዓንዴል እናጠዓሞ ተኣሚኑ።

 

ኣብዚ‘ውን ካብ‘ቲ ዘይተዓወተ መደብ ዝሓይሽ  ብርጡብ መጽናዕትን ብቑዕ ክኢላዊ ዓቕሚ ሰብን ዝተደገፈ ዘተኣማምን መደብ ስለ ዘየቕረበ ካብ ዝሓለፉ ተራ መብጽዓታት ከምዘይሓልፍ ንምግማቱ ኣየጽግምን እዩ። ቀጺሉ ናብ ቀረብ ማይ ብምስጋር ነቲ ጽዓት ኮነ ማይ ንምንታይ ትጥቀመሉ ዝብል ዓጀውጀዉ ገዲፍካ ዝነጠበ ማይ ንምዕቃብ ብዙሕ ከም ዝተሰርሐ ገለ ኣብነታት እናጠቐሰ ብምግላጽ፡ ነቲ ኣብ ህዝብና ወሪዱ ዘሎ ሽግር ቀረብ ማይ ዝግባእ ኣቓልቦ ከም ዘይሃቦ በቶም ዝጠቕሶም ዝነበረ ናይ ርሑቕ በረኻታት ዕቋር ማያት ክገልጽ ፈቲኑ።

 

እዚ ከኣ ማይ ብዘይሓይሊ ጽዓት ካብ ዝተኸዘኖ ቦታ ናብ ተጠቀምቲ ክበጽሕ ከም ዘይክእል እናፈለጠ ንኣብ ከተማታት ዝነብር ህዝብና ረሲዑ ናብ ሰብ ጀራዲን ጥራሕ ምትኳሩ ዘረጋግጽ መርትዖ እዩ። ካብኡ ሓሊፉ ንትሕተ ቅርጻ ኣመልኪቱ፡ ኣብ ሃገርና ብአየር ብባሕሪ ኮነ ብምድሪ፡ ኣለዉና ኢልና ኣፍና መሊእና እንዛረብሎም ዘተኣማምኑ ትሕተ ቅርጻ የብልናን ድሕሪ ምባል፡ ዓለምለኻዊ መዓርፎ ነፈርቲ ከግልግል ተባሂሉ ኣብ ባጽዕ ዝተሰርሐ ኣይተገልገልናሉን፡፡ እቲ ዝጸንሓና መዓርፎ ነፍርቲ ኣስመራ‘ውን ስለ ዘየማዕበልናዮ ዘተአማምን ኣይኮነን።እቲ ንፍርያት ሃገር ብይዘምብልሻውን ብቕልጡፍን ናብ ተጠቀምቲ ንምብጻሕ ከገልግል ተባሂሉ ዝተሰርሐ ናይ ሳዋ  መዓርፎ ነፈርቲ ውን ብዝተገብረሉ ትጽቢት መጠን ከምዘይሰርሐ ኣነጺሩ።

 

ኣብ ናይ መሬት ትሕተ ቅርጻ ብዝምልከት እዚ ትካል‘ዚ ኣብ ምዕባሌ ሃገር ዝህልዎ ኣስተዋጽኦ ብምርዳእ ዝጸንሑ ክጽገኑ ሓደስቲ ከኣ ክህነጹ ዝወጸ መደብ ከነትግብሮ ስለ ዘይከአልና፡ እተን ንዜና ትጥቀሙለን ሓደስቲ ኣውቶቡሳት ውን እንተኾና፡ ብሰንኪ ጥጡሕ ትሕተ ቅርጻ  ዘይምህላው ንህዝቢ ዘዕግብ ኣገልግሎት ይህባ ከምዘየለዋ ድሕሪ ምንጻር፡ እዚ ክሳብ ዘይተማልአ  ጉዕዞ ምዕብልና ክቕጽል ስለ ዘይክእል ከኣ ዝከኣል ክግበር ከምዘድሊ ኣመልኪቱ። ብምቕጻል ንምዕብልና ምቕያር ባጤራን ምውሳኽን ምስትኽኻል ደሞዝን ኣመልኪቱ ባጤራ ብእነፍርዮ ብፍላይ፡ ብዝተፍላለዩ መልክዕ ኣታዊታት ሃገር ከኣ ብሓፈሻ ዝዕቀን ኣገዳሲ መንኮርኮር ምዕብልና‘ኳ ይኹን እምበር ዕቤትናን ሰላምናን ዘስግኦም ሓሳዳት ብዝፈጥርዎ ውዱብ ዕንቅፋት ኣታዊና ከምቲ ክኸዶ ዝግብኦ ከይዱ ክብሃል ኣይክኣልን።  ምኽንያቱ ካብ ደገ ክኣቱ ዝግብኦ ናይ ወጻኢ ሸርፊ ኣብ ክንዲ ንኤርትራ ኣብ ሱዳን ዝርከብ ደዃኹን ኣትዩ እቲ ዶላር ይኹን ካልእ ባጤራ ብናቕፋ ተሸሪፉ ናብ ኤርትራ ስለ ዝኣቱ፡ ናይ ናቕፋ ዝቕባበ ከም ዘሎ ክእምት ከሎ፡ እዚ ብናይ  ደገ ሓልታት ዝካየድ ውዱን መስርሕ እዩ ክብል  ኣብ ምኽሳስ ካልኦት ክህውትት ጸኒሑ ኣብ መወዳእታ ነዚ ሰጊርና ኣብ ትስፍው ባይታ ኣሎና ክብል ጻዕዳ ሓሶት ኣቕሪቡ።ምስዚ ኣተሓሒዙ ጉዳይ ወሰኽን ምስትኽካል ሰራሕተኛታት ዝቕረበሉ ሕቶ ንምምላስ፡ ብናቕፋ ገዛ ዲኻ ደርሆ ወይስ እንቋቚሖ፡ እቲ ዝኽፈል ሰራሕተኛኸ ነዳቓይ ዲዩ ጽሓፋይ ወዘተ-ወዘተ ዝብሉ ሕቶታት ንምንታይ ኣልዒልዎም  ናይ ምምላስ ንሰማዕቲ ዝግደፍ ኮይኑ፡ ኣብ መወዳእታ ግን ብታሕተዎት ክጅምር እዩ‘ኳ እንተበለ ምዓስን ክንደይን ንዝብሉ ግን ዘሊልዎም ሓሊፉ።

 

እቶም ዕዙማት ጋዜጠኛታት ከኣ ሕቶና ኣይተመለሰን ምባልስ ይትረፍ ሰዓት ክትኣክለሎም መውጽኢ ከም ዝሰኣነት ኣንጭዋ ቀባሕባሕ ይብሉ ምንባሮም ዘይተዓዘበ  ኣይህሉን።ክኢላዊ ዓቕሚ ንዕምባይን ንዕኡ ንምጽንቃቕን ዝግበር ዘሎ ሸርሒ ንምክልኻል ዝወጸ መደብ እንተሎ ንምምላስ፡ መዐቀኒ ምዕብልና ሓንቲ ሃገር ብዝህልዋ ምሁር ዓቕሚ  ስለ ዝልካዕ ከሉ ክምሃር ዝተጀመረ መደብ ሎሚ‘ውን፡ ክዓብን ክሰፍሕን  ዘድሊ ይግበር ምህላዉ ይገልጽ። እቲ ዘገርም ግን ዝርኤናዮ ኣየዛርበና በለት ጉብጥሽ ከም ዝብሃል ቤት ሕክምናን ቀረባቱ ቤት ትምህርትን ቀረባቱ ደሚርካ ክንዲ ኣብ ሃገርና ዘሎ ቤት ማእሰርቲ ዘይኸውን ቤት ትምህርቲ ሰሪሐ ምባል ካብ ምድንጋር ሓሊፉ ካልእ ትርጉም የብሉን።

 

ብዘይካዚ እዛ ፈውሲ ማሕላ ሓንቲ ዩንቨስቲ ዘይብላ፡ መንእሰያታ ኣብ ክንድ ዝመሃሩ መወዳእታ ዘይብሉ ግዱድ ዕስክርና መሪርዎም  ሃጽ ኢሎም ዝጠፍኡላ ሃገር እናመራሕካስ ክመሃሩ ምባል ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝብን ሃገርን  ምሽክዕላ እዩ። ንክኢላዊ ዓቕሚ ንምፍራይ ክምልስ ከሎ ከኣ‘ሞ እቲ ካብ ውሽጥ ኣስመራ ጀሚሩ ክሳብ ሊብያ  ዝካየድ ዘሎ ንግዲ ደቂ ሰባት ብመንን  ከመይን ይካየድ ምህላዉ ጽሓይ ዝወቕዖ ምስጢር ስለ ዝኾነ  ምግላጹ ደድሕሪ ዕቡዳት ምዕባድ እዩ።እዚ ከኣ ነቲ ኩሉ ብሰንኪ ግስሩጥ ምሕደሩኡ ዝሰዓበ ብርሰትን ዕንወትን ናብ ካልኦት እናጸግዐ ስልጣኑ ንምንዋሕ ዝዓለመ ኣረጊት ሽጣራ ምዃኑ ኤርትራውስ ይትረፍ ንዓለም ዘገረምን ዘዛርብ ዘሎን ጉድይ‘ዩ።

 

ንጸገም  ኣባይቲ ኣመልኪቱ ድማ፡ገለ ኣብነታት ብምጥቃስ ዝተሃንጸ ገዛውቲ‘ኳ ይሃሉ እምበር ኣኻሊ ከም ዘይኮነን ነዚ ንምፍታሕ ንህንጻ ዘድሊ ጥረ-ነገራትን መሳርሒታትን ካብ ሸመንቶ ጀሚርካ ናይ ምፍራይን ምርካብን ጸገም ጌና ዘይተዓወትናሉ ጉዳይ እዩ ድሕሪ ምባል፡ እቶም ብውልቂ ዘካርዩ ወነንቲ ኣባይቲ ግን ኣታዊታቶም ንምኽዕባት ኣብ ሃረምረም ስለ ዘሎው ገደብ ክግበረሎም ኣሎዎ ይብል። እዚ ኩሉ ንዘቤታዊ ጉዳይ ህዝብን ሃገርን ዝጠቅም፡ እዚ ጌርናን ዓቂብናን ናብ ካልእ ንስጉም ኣሎና ዝብል ዘይርከቦ አንተ ፈታሕካዮስ ጥራሕ ቁጻር ዝኾነ መልሲ፡ ዘመሓላልፎ መልእኽቲ እንተልዩ እዚ ስርዓትዚ ካብ ልምዓትን ዕቤትን ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ንላዕሊ ከዐውቶ ዝደሊ ሕቡእ ኣጀንዳ ምህላዉን ንዕኡ ምጽባይ ከኣ ማይ ሓቚንካ ጠስሚ ካብ ምጽባይ  ዝሓልፍ  ከም ዘይኮነን እዩ።በዚ መሰረት ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ቀሲኑ ዋና ሃገሩን ተጠቃሚ ዕድሉን ክኸውን ስልጣኑ ክጭብጥ ንጽባሕ ዘይውንዘፍ ጉዳዩ  ምዃኑ ተረዲኡ ዕድሜ  ክጽበ ኣይግባእን።

 

ፕረሰደንት ኢሳያስ ንዓለማውን ዲፕሎማሲያውን ዝምልከት፡ፖለቲካውን ዲፕሎማሲውን ኩነታትና ከመይ ኣሎ፡ ከኢላዊ ዓቅምና ንምጽንቓቕ ዝግበር ሸርሕታት ንምክልኻል እንታይ መደብ ተታሒዙ ኣሎ፡ምምጻእ ሓዲሽ ፕረሲደንት ኣመሪካ እንታይ ጽልዋ ይህልዎ፡ኣብ ኢትዮጵያ ዝተወልዐ ህውከት ብኮማዶ ፖስት ይፍታሕ ዶ ትብል ዝብሉ ገለ ኣገስቲ ገለ ግን ንሃልኽን ተሃንካ ንምውጻእ ተዳልዮም ዝቐረብሉ ሕቶታት ክምልስ ከሎ።

 

ኣብዛ  መራሕቲ ሓያላት ሃገራት  ከም ድላዮም  ዝቘጻጽርዋን  ዝጽዕሩላን ዓለም፡ ዝረዓመ  ክርግጽ ዝአበየ ድማ ክድቘስ ወይ ክዳኸም ዝዕላምኡ ዓውሎማዊ መስርሕ ኣብ ዝካየደሉ መዋእል ምህላውና ክሉ ዝዕዘቦ ዘሎ ግሉጽ ሓቂ‘ዩ ድሕሪ ምባል፡ ነዚ ንምግባር ከኣ ካብ ርሑቅን ቀረባን ኣገልገልቲ ዝኾንዎም ሰብ ረብሓ እናዋፈሩ ሰላም ዓለምና ኣብ ምዝራግን ማእለያ ዘይብሉ ንብረትን ህይወትን ናይ ምዕናው ተግባራት ምዕዛብ ዕለታዊ ንከታተሎ ዘሎና ጉዳይ እዩ።

 

ንሕና ከኣ ነዚ እከይ ተግባራቶም ስለ ዘይተቐበልና  ንምብርካኽና ተባሂሉ ዘይተማህዘን ዘይተኣልመን የለን   ክብል፡ ነቲ ባዕሉ ዝፈጸሞ  ንሓገርና ካብ ዓለም፡ንህዝብና ድማ ካብ  ለገስቲ  ሃገራት ክርኸብ ዝክእል ኩሉ መዳያዊ ሓገዛት ንከይረኽብ ዝኣገደ  ሕጊ ኣልቦ ስርዓትን ገበነናዊ ተባራቱን ሓቢኡ  ንክልኦት ኣብ  ምኽሳስ ሰጊሩ፡እዚ ላግጽን ካብ ሓቂ ምህዳምን ‘ምዃኑ ህዝብናስ ይትረፍ  ህዝቢ ዓለም ውን ዝፈልጦ ቅሉዕ መጽገብ እዩ ጥራሕ ዘይኮነስ መለለይ ግጉይ ፖሊስኡን  ዕሸል ፖለቲካዊ ትሕትኡን ምዃኑ ዝተመስከረሉ፡ካብዞም ኣብ ልዕሊ ደቅሰብ ብገበን ዝክሰሱ  ዘሎው ናይ ዘመንና ዲክታቶራት መራሕቲ ሓደ እዩ።

 

ከምዚ ዝኣመሰለ ህዝባውን ሃገራውን ሓላፍነት ዘይስምዖ ንግሉጽነት ከም ቁሪ ኣሰሓይታ ዝፈርሕ መራሒ፡ ናጽነትናን ክብረትናን ዓቂብና ክንከይድ ስለ ዝመረጽና ንምድካምና ዝግበር ዘሎ፡ ፍርሒ ዝፈጠሮ ሸርሕታት ማእለያ የብሉን፡ ነዚ ኩሉ መኪትና ግን፡ ኣብ ዝሓሸ ደረጃ ኣሎና፡ ክብል ሓቅነት ዝጐደሎ መልሲ ምሃቡ ምስቲ ኣብ ሃገርና ዘሎ ሓቂ ዝራጸም ናይ ጽላለ መግለጺ ምዃኑ ህዝብና ዝርድኦ ጉዳይ  እዩ። እቲ ንብዙሓት ሃገራትን መራሕተንን  ዝሰንዘሮ  ጸርፍን  ምንእኣስን ብዝምልከት ከኣ ክምቲ ኣብ ቀርኒ ብዕራይ ዝተቀመጠ ጽንጽያ እንተኸቢደካስ ንገረኒ ክወርደልክ ምስ በሎ ኣብ ቀርነይ ምህልውካ  ዘይምህላውካን‘ዃ ኣይፈልጥኩ ዝበሎ ምስላ መሲልካ ምሕላፉ ይሕይሽ።

 

ንኢትዮጵያ ዝምልከት ዝሃቦ መልስ‘ሞ ከኣ ኣብ ውሽጡ ዘሎ  ቅርሕቲ ንምውጻት እንተዘይዀኑ ኮንዶፖስት ኢትዮጵያ ይፍትሕዎ ኣይፍትሕዎ ንዋናታቱ ዝምልተ‘ምበር ጉዳይን ኤርትራውያን ክም ዘይኮነ ርዱእ ነገር እዩ፡ እዝስ ፖለቲካዊ ንዴት ብሃሊኡ  ዘመልክት መግለጺ ካብ ምዃን ዝሓልፍ ትርጉም የብሉን።ብዛዕባ ምምራጽ ሓድሽ ፕረስደንት ኣመልኪቱ፡ሮላንድ ትራምፕ ምዕዋት ከገልግልዎ ዝኣተዎም መብጽዓታት ከተግብር ኣይክእልዩ ድሕሪ ምባል ብዙሓት መራሕቲ መጺኦምን ከይዶምን ኣብ ፖሊሲ ኣመሪካ ዝተቀየረ  ዘየለ ኣሚቱ።

 

ካብዚ ቀጺሉ ኣብዚ ዓመት‘ዚ እንታይ ተስፋ ንጽበ ዝብል ቀሪቡሉ፡ ኩሉ ተጽብኦታት ሓሊፍና ውሽጣዊ  ዓቅምና ኣብ  ልምዓት ኣዋፊርና ከም ንዕወት ጥርጥር የልቦን ክብል መሊሱ።ካብ ዝሃቦ  ትሕዝቶ ኣልቦ መልስታት ነቂልና እንርድኦ‘ምበር እቲ ኤርትራ ሲጋፖር ክትከውን እያ ዝብል መብጽዓ ጽባሕ ናጽነት፡ኤርትራ መቃብር ዜጋታታ ክትከውን ኣብ ዝብል ትርጉም ከም ዝተቐየረ ኣብ ህይወት ህዝብናን ሃገርናን ወሪዱ ዘሎ ሕሰም  ጭቡጥ መርትዖ እዩ።ነዛ መዘና ዘይብሉ ጻዕረኛ ህዝብን እኹል ጸጋን ዘሎዋ ነጻ ሃገር፡ብዘይሃገራዊ ቅዋምን ብህዝቢ ዝተመርጽን ዝሕታቲ ሓጋግን ፈራድን መጻምን ትካላት መሪሕካ ሎሚ ድሕሪ ርብዒ ዘመን ከምዚ ዝበለ ፍሹል ገምጋም ክቅርብ ምጽባይ ከይቀደስካ  ዝተሓልመ ጥራሕ  ዘይኮነስ ብዓውታን ብምድግጋምን ዝትገልጸን  ሰማዒ እዝኒ ዝሰኣነ  ስኑድ ታሪኽ እዩ።

 

እዚ ዘንጽሮ ሓቂ እንተልዩ ከኣ እዚ ስርዓት ንሰላምን ንልምዓትን ዘይኮነስ ንህውከትን ዕንወትን ኢሉ ዝተበገሰ  ስለ ዝኮነ  ክቅንስ ይትረፍ ክውዕል ክሓድር ውን ከም ዘይግባእን  ምሉእ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ እንተላይ‘ቶም ንሕና ንሱ፡ንሱ ንሕና ዝብሉ ውን ክርድእዎ ከም ዘሎዎም እዩ።ካብዚ ተርድኦ‘ዚ ብምንቃል ከኣ ኩሉ ሕዝቢ ኤርትራ ብሓፈሻ ኩሎም ደለይቲ ፍትሒ እንተላይ ሓልታት ምክልካል ኤርትራ ብዘይ ወዓል ሕደር ኩሉ ዓቅምታቶም ብሓደ ጸሚዶም  ምስ ደለይቲ ፍትሒ ክስለፉን ንምልጋሱ ክልዓሉን መድረክ ዝጠልቦ ህጹጽ  ሕቶምዃኑን፡ ካብ‘ዚ ንላዕሊ ምጽባይን ዝያዳ ዕድል ምሃቡን  ከኣ ሃገራዊ ሓልፍነትካ ምርሳዕን ሃገር ኣብ ዘይትወጸሉ ገደል ክትኣቱ ምፍቃድ ስለ ዝኮነ ሃገር ንምድሓንን ህይወት ህዝብና ኣብ ንቡር ንምምላስን  ቀምሽ ኣደይ ሓንኲሉኒ ዝዓይነቱ ፍኑው ኣካይዳ እዋኑ ከም ዘይኮነ ክንርዳእ ይግባእ።

ዓንደጽዮን ግርማይ

ጀርመን

    

   

ናይ ሓባር ፖለቲካዊ ራኢ ዝውንኑ ሰባት፡ ነቲ ዝኣምንሉ ፖለቲካዊ ራኢ ምእንቲ ብሓባር ተቓሊሶም ከዕውትዎ፥ ዝቕይዶም ሕጊ ወይ’ውን ውዕል ይሕንጽጹ። እዚ ሕጊ እዚ ወይ ውዕል ከኣ ብገለ ምኽንያት ክጠሓስ እንከሎ፥ ነቲ ዝተሰማምዑሉ ቀንዲ ዋሕስ ናይ ሓቢሮም ምቕጻሎም ይቚጸ። ምኽንያቱ ኣብ ውሽጢ እዚ እቲ ውሽጣዊ ክብርታትን ዝሓንጸጽዎ ቅርጻታትን እናዘለቐ ስለዝኸይድ። ነቲ ሓቢሮም ዝመስረትዎ ዕላማ ኣብ ክንዲ ዝጥምቱ ኣብ ቀንጠመንጢ ነገራት ይፈላለዩ እሞ ነቲ ቀንዲ ተሰማሚዖም ዝሃነጽዎ ከፍርስዎን ክጥሕስዎን ይጅምሩ።

ኣብ ሰልፊ ዲሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ከም ናይ ብዙሕ ዓመታት ተመኩሮ ዘለዎን፥ ካብ ዝተፈላለየ ድሕረባይታ ዘለዎም ኣካላት ምምስራቱን ንገዛእ ርእሱ ሃብታም ዝገብሮ እዩ። ዕላማን ቅዋማትን ናይ’ዚ ሰልፊ እዚ ብሩህ ከም ጸሓይ ቀትሪ እዩ። ንሱ ድማ ንሃገራዊ ረብሓ ቀዳምነት ዝሰርዕን ምስ ካልኦት ሓቢሩ ዝሰርሕን ሓባራዊ ራኢ ንምጥራይ ዝቃለስን ዝጽዕትን እዩ። ካልኣይ ነጥቢ ከኣ ነቲ ብጉባኤታቱ ኣቢሉ ንህዝብን ሃገረ ኤርትራን የርብሕ እዩ ኢሉ ዝኣምነሉ ፖለቲካዊ መደብ ዕዮኡ ክሰፍሕን ንቕድሚት ክደፍእን ምድልዳልን ይቃለስ። ስልፊ ዲሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ከም’ቶም ካልኦት ሰልፍታት ይኹኑ ውድባት ዝጥቀሙሉ መስርሕ ኣተጋባብራ ሕግታቱን፥ ውሳኔታቱን ዝጥቀመሎም መሳርሕታት ይኽተል። እዚ ከኣ ኣባላት’ዚ ሰልፊ ብሓባር ጠሚሩ ዘቃልሶም እቲ ዝሓንጸጽዎ ውሽጣዊ ሕጊን ኸዕውትዎ ዝተለምዎ መትከልን እዩ። እዚ ሰልፊ እምበኣር ቅድሚ ኣብ ጉባአ ምብጻሕ በዘን ዝስዕባ ክልተ ኣገደስቲ ነጥብታት ኣቢሉ እዩ ምስ ኣባላቱ ርክብ ብምግባር ርእይቶታት ዝሰንቕ። ንሳተን ድማ፥-

1- ናይ ኣባላት ኣኼባታት እንተስ ብኣካል እንተስ ብመራኸቢ ብዙሃን
2- ብወከልቲ ኣባላት ኣቢሉ ዓውደ-ልዝብ ምክያድ
ብድሕሪ እዚ እቲ ኣባል ክዛረበሎምን ርእይትኡ ክህበሎምን ዘለዎ ኣገደስቲ ዛዕባታት፥ ፖለቲካዊ መደብ ዕዮን ቅዋምን ዝኣመሰሉ ተመያይጡ ርእይትኡ ዝህበሉ መድረኽ ይፈጥር። እቲ ካልኣይ ከኣ ኣብ መሪሕነት ናይ ዝሕጸዩ ዝርዝር ኣስማት ካብ ኩሎም ኣባላት ይቕበል። ድሕሪኡ እቶም ናብ መሪሕነት ዝተሓጽዩ ኣብ መሪሕነት ከም ሕጹይ ክቐርቡ ድሌት ኣለዎምን የብሎምን ይሕተቱ። ብድሕሪ’ዚ ኣብ ጉባኤ ምስ ተበጽሐ ምሉእ ዝርዝር ናይ ሕጹያት ናብ ተሳተፍቲ ጉባአ ይዕደል እሞ ዝለዓለ ድምጺ ዝረኸቡ ይዕወቱ።

እቲ ኣብ ጉባአ ዝተመርጸ መሪሕነት ማእከላይ ባይቶ ብወገኑ ኣኼባኡ የካይድ። ኣብዚ ኣኼባ’ዚ ከኣ ኣቦመንበር ባይቶ ይምረጽ። ኣቦመንበር ምስተመርጸ ከኣ መሳርሕቱ ዝኾኑ ኣባላት ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ ይሓጺ እሞ ባይቶ ድማ ወይ የጽድቐሉ ወይ ከኣ መተካእታ ኣቕርብ ይብሎ። ናይዚ ሰልፊ’ዚ ባህሊ እምበኣር በዚ ኣብ ላዕሊ ዝተጠቕሰ ኣቢሉ ክሳብ ጨናፍር፡ ንኡሳት ዞባታትን ዞባታትን ምስ ትካላዊ ሕግታቱ ኣሳንዩ ይሰርሕ።

እዚ ሰልፊ’ዚ ዝግለጸሉ መለለዪ ምልክትን ጭርሖታትን ዝሓዘለ እዩ። ኣብ ኣኼባ ዝሰማማዓሉ ናይ ውሳኔ ምጽዳቕ ኩሉ ግዜ ዝኣክል ሓሳባትን ርእይቶታትን ድሕሪ ምውህሃብን ምክታዕን ኩሉ ብሓደ ሓሳብ እንተተሰማሚዑ ጽቡቕ፡ እንተደኣ ናይ ሓሳብ ፍልልይ ኣልዩ ከኣ ብኣብዝሓ ድምጺ ይውሰን። ኣብዚ ድምጺ ናይ ምሃብ መስርሕ ተዓቅቦን ተቓውሞን ዝብል እውን ይርከቦ። እዚ’ውን ደሞክራስያዊ መሰል እዩ። ነቲ በዚ መስርሕ ዝተወሰነ ኩሉ ወገናት እዩ ዘትግብሮ እምበር፡ ኣብ ኣኼባ ተቓዊመ ወይ ተዓቂበ ነይረ ኢልካ ምሕንጋድ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ኣይኮነን። ልክዕ እዩ እቲ ሓባራዊ ስምምዕ ዝብል ሓሳብ ደሞክራሲ ምዃኑ ዘይከሓድ’ኳ እንተኾነ፡ ክሳብ ትሰማማዕ ክትዛረብ ኣይንበርን እዩ። ንኣብነት፥ ኣብ ሓደ ጉባኤ እሞ ኣብ ውሽጢ ሓሙሽተ ወይ ሸውዓተ መዓልታት ብናይ ሓባር ስምምዕ ክትውስን ኣሸጋሪ እዩ። ምኽንያቱ ሓደ ሰብ ኣይዓገብኩን እንተ ኢሉ እቲ ጉባኤ ወይ ኣኼባ መዕለቢ ዘይብሉ እዩ ዝኸውን። በዚ ምኽንያት ቅልጡፍ ውሳነ ንምውሳን ኣገባብ ኣብዝሓ ድምጺ ይምረጽ። ይኹን እምበር እቲ ኣብዝሓ ይኹን ሓባራዊ ድምጺ ካብ መትከልን ሕግን ወጻኢ ምስ ዝዝውተር ናይ ምልኪ ባህሪ ክሕዝ ይኽእል እዩ።

ስለዚ ሓባራዊ ስምምዕ ብዙሕ ግዜ ስለ ዝቐትልን ኣኽብሮት ብዝመልኦ ልዝብን ጥዕና ዘለዎ ናይ ሓሳብ ምልውዋጥን እንተዘይ ተታሒዙ ኣብ ዕግሽግሽ እምበር ኣብ ስራሕ ኣየእቱን እዩ። ኣብዚ እቲ ናይ ሓባራዊ ስምምዕ ክማለኣሉ ዘለዎ ረቛሒታት ኣሎ። ሓባራዊ ራኢ ምስ ዘይህልወካን ዘሻርኸካ መትከላት እንተዘይብልካን በቲ ዝተሓተ ስምምዕ ዝበጻሕካሉ ንምትግባር ናይ ምዕብላል መንፈስ ከየርኢ ትጥቀመሉ። ኣብ ኣብዝሓ ድምጺ ግን ሓደ ናይ ሓባር ራኢን ዘሻርኸካ መትከልን ስለእትውንን ካብ ቀይዲ ክሳብ ዘይወጻእካ ብዙሕ ጸገም ዘምጽእ ኣይኮነን። ማለት ኣብዝሓ ድምጺ ኣብ ከመይ ዝኣመሰለ እዩ ዝትግበር ዘሎ ኢልካ ምፍላጥ እውን ኣገዳስነት ኣለዎ። ንኣብነት ኣብ ኣመሪካ ዝተኻየደ ምርጫ ኣብ መወዳእታ ትኽርኽር ኣቢሎም ኣብ ድምጺ ኢዮም እኮ ወዲቖም እምበር ኣብ ሓባራዊ ስምምዕ ኣይከዱን፥ ብኣብዝሓ ድምጺ ከኣ መራሒኦም ተመሪጹ። ስለዚ እቲ ዝሓሰብካዮ ምስ ዘይዕወት ሓባራዊ ስምምዕ ስለዘየለ ኢልካ ንሓደ ካብ መትከላት ዲሞክራሲ ምንእኣስ ቅቡል ኣይኮነን። ኢሳይያስ’ውን ብዛዕባ ዲሞክራሲ ክገልጽ ከሎ ካብዚ ሓሊፉ ዝበሎ’ኮ የለን። ስለዚ ዲሞክራስን ፍትሕን ብዘይ ጠማሪ ሕጊ ኣይሰርሕን ጥራሕ ዘይኮነስ ናይ ውሑዳት ምልኪ እውን የስዕብ እዩ።

Thursday, 23 February 2017 12:16

Bodies of 74 Migrants Wash Up on Libyan Coast

Written by
By DECLAN WALSH

CAIRO — The bodies of 74 migrants were recovered from a beach near the town of Zawiya in western Libya, rescuers said on Tuesday, an ominous sign before the high season for Mediterranean crossings.

The bodies were believed to have come from a shipwrecked inflatable raft that was found on the same stretch of shore, said Mohammed Almosrti, a spokesman for the Libyan Red Crescent. Some of the bodies were found inside the stricken raft.

The rubber boat left Libya for Italy on Saturday and appears to have been left drifting without an engine for several days, said Flavio Di Giacomo, a spokesman for the International Organization for Migration in Rome.

“It’s really strange that smugglers would take off the engine,” he said. “They are becoming increasingly cruel.”

Red Crescent workers spent seven hours collecting the bodies on Monday afternoon, and the organization posted photographs of dozens of black-and-white body bags lined up on a beach. Three of the dead were said to be women. Given the capacity of the boat, which could hold up to 120 people, the death toll is expected to rise, Mr. Almosrti said.

Source=https://mobile.nytimes.com/2017/02/21/world/middleeast/migrants-libya-beach.html?smid=fb-share&referer=http://m.facebook.com

AFP

File photo of migrants and refugees in rubber boats off the coast of Libya: Andreas Solaro/AFP

The two rescue operations came as the bodies of 74 migrants who drowned trying to reach Europe washed up on a beach west of the Libyan capital, the Red Crescent said on Tuesday.

The Italian coast guard said it mounted operations to rescue two drifting vessels, a large boat and a rubber raft.

In the absence of an army or a regular police force in Libya, several militias act as coast guards but are often accused themselves of complicity or even involvement in the people-smuggling business.

The number of attempted crossings has surged this year, with most departures taking place from the west of Libya, from where Italy is just 300 kilometres (190 miles) away.

Europeans are considering measures aimed at blocking the arrival of thousands of migrants, alarming NGOs which fear that those stranded in Libya may suffer mistreatment.

Source=http://www.thelocal.it/20170222/italy-rescued-hundreds-of-people-off-the-libyan-coast-last-night

ብ25 ፍሉጣት ዘይመንግስታዊ ማሕበራት ዝተዳለወ 9ይ ኣኼባ ሰብኣዊ መሰልን ደሞክራስን ብ21 ለካቲት 2017 ኣብ ጀነቫ ተኻይዱ። ኣብዚ ኣኼባ ካብ መላእ ዓለም ዝመጹ ልዕሊ 500 ተሳተፍቲ ተረኺቦም። እዚ ኣብ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ናይ ዝነጥፉ ኣኼባ ጀነቫ ብቓል ናይ 2017 ኣብ ሕቡራት ሃገራት ሓላዊ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ዲረክቶር ምኽፋቱ፡ ኣብዛ ዓለም ጉዳይ ሰብኣዊ መሰል የሻቕል ከም ዘሎ ዘመልክት እዩ።

መለኽቲ ምስ ኩሉ መላኺ ሓደጋታቶም ናብ መድረኽ ይምለሱ ምህላዎም፡ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ናብ ንቡር ቦታኡ ናይ ምምላስ ሓደጋ፡ ከምኡ እውን ምእንቲ ናጽነትን ደሞክራስን ዝግበር ቃልሲ ኣብዚ እዋንዚ ዘለዎ ደረጃ ኣብዚ ኣኼባ ብክኢላታት ቀሪቦም ካብ ዝተዘርበሎም ቀንዲ ዛዕባታት ነይሮም። ብዘይካዚ 16 መደርቲ፡ ደረፍትን ቀባእትን ናይ ዓይኒ መሰኻኽር፡ ኣብ መድረኽ ቀሪቦም ምስክርነቶም ሂቦም። እዞም ኣብ መድረኽ ዝተዛረቡ ናይ ዓይኒ መሰኻኽር ኣብ ሃገራቶም ኣብ ልዕሊኦምን ኣብ ልዕሊ ቀረቦምን ዝተፈጸመ ዘሰንብድ ዛንታታት ኣቕሪቦም። እቲ ዘሕዝን ካብታ ሜላዊ ገበን ኣብ ልዕሊ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ዝፍጸመላ ኤርትራ ቀሪቡ ብዛዕባ ኣብ ልዕሊኡን ኣብ ልዕሊ ካለኦት ወገናቱን ዝተፈጸመ ገበናት ዝገልጽ ናይ ዓይኒ ምስክር ኣይነበረን።

ናይ ዓይኒ መሰኻኽር ዘቕረብዎ ዛንታታት ንተሳተፍቲ ዘብኪ ትሕዝቶ ነይርዎ። ካለኦት (ከም ማውርታንያዊ ብርሃን ኣበይድ) ዝኣመሰሉ፡ ብዛዕባ ቀጻልነት ባርነትን ክትኣምኖ ዘጸግም ግሉጽ ግህሰት ሰብኣዊ መሰልን መብርሂ ሂቦም። ካብዚ ብተወሳኺ (ከም ናይ ቅድም ናይ ማልዲቭስ ፕረሲደንት) ሓድሽ ትውልዲ ምእንቲ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ተባዕ ቃልሲ ንከካይድን ኣብዚ መዳይዚ በብኹርናዑ ይፍጠሩ ንዘአልዉ ውልቃውያን ዓመጽኛታት ከይንብርከኽን ምዒዶም።

ኣኼባ ጀነቫ ንሰብኣዊ መሰልን ደሞክራስን፡ ቅድሚ ዓመታዊ ጉባአ ባይቶ ሕቡራት ሃገራት ንሰብኣዊ መሰል ኣብ ጀነቫ ምግብኡ፡ ሒደት መዓልታት ዝካየድ እዩ። ልኡኽ ሰልፊ ደሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ (ሰደህኤ) ኣብዚ ናይ ጀነቫ ኣኼባ ብተኸታታሊ ን2ይ ዓመት እዩ ተሳቲፉ።

እዞም ኣብ ታሕቲ ምስሎምን ኣስማቶምን ተዘርዚሩ ዘሎ፡ ናይ ዓይኒ ምስክርነቶም ዘቕረቡ፡ ኣብዚ ኣኼባ ጀነቫ 2017 ዝመርሑን ምእንቲ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ብዝገብዎ ኣበርክቶ ብልጫ ዝረኸቡን እዮም።

1EPDP attends 22.02
ኣናስታሲያ ዞቶቫ በዓልቲ ቤት ሩስያዊ እሱር ኢልዳር ዳዲን፡ ኣንቶንቶንያታ ለደዝማ ጓል እሱር ከንቲባ ካራካስ፡ ኣንቶኒዮ ለደዝማ፡ ኣስትሪድ ቶርስ ፊንላንዳዊ ፖለቲከኛን ናይ ቅድም ኮሚሽነር ውሑዳትን፡ ቢራም ዳህ ኣበይድ መራሒ ቃልሲ ኣንጻር ባርነት ኣብ ማውሪታኒያ።

2EPDP attends 22.02

ካን ዱርዳር ፍሉጥ ቱርካዊ ጋዜጠኛን ናይ ቅድም ሓላፊ ጋዜጣን፡ ቺቶ ጋስኮን ድሕሪ 6 ዓመታት ማእሰርቲ ዝተፈትሐ፡ ዳኒሎ “ኢል ሰክቶ” ማልዶናዶ ኩባዊ ኣርቲስትን ንጡፍ ተሳታፍን ንካስትሮ ብምንቃፉ ተኣሲሩ ኣብዚ ቀረባ ግዜ ዝተፈትሐ።

3EPDP attends 22.02

ኣርዊን ኮትለር ናይ ካናዳ ናይ ፍትሒ ሚኒስተርን ኣባል ፓርላማን ዝነበረ፡ ከምኡ እውን ኣብ ጉዳይ እሱራት ተሓላቒ፡ ጀምስ ጆነስ ዕዉት ደኮመንታሪ ዘዳለወ፡ ከምኡ እውን ብዛዕባ ሳዑዲ ዓአቢያ ሕቡእ ዘቃለዐ፡ ምክትል ፕረሲደንት ኣፍሪቃዊ ሓርነታዊ መርበብ፡ ሞሓመድ ናሺፍ ናይ ቅድም ፕረሲደንት ማልዲቨስ፡

4EPDP attends 22.02

ኒማ ለሃሞ ቲበታዊት ንጥፍትን ጓል ሓው ሃይማኖታዊ መራሒ ተንዚን ደለክ ሪንፖቸን፡ ሽሪን ፍሪድ ያዚድ ብእስላዊ ኣይሲ ጾታዊ ባርነት ዘጋጠማን ደራሲት “ጓል ብርሃን ኮይነ ክቕጽል እየ”ን፡ ታሂ ራህማኒ ኢራንዊ ጋዜጠኛን ናይ ፖለቲካ እሱር ዝነበረትን ከምኡ እውን በዓልቲ ቤት ኣብ ቤት ማእሰርቲ ዘሎ ተሓላቒ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ናርገስ
ሞሓማዲ፡ ዛህና ነምትሶቫ ጋዜጠኛ, መስራቲት ቦሪስ ነምትሶቭ ፋውንደሽን ንናጽነትን ካብ ደቡብ ኮርያ ዝሃደመን (ንድሕነቱ ስእሉ ዘይወጸ)።

The 9th Geneva Summit for Human Rights and Democracy, organized by 25 renowned international NGOs , was held on 21 February 2017 with over 500 delegates coming from many countries of the globe. Opened by a welcome address of the executive director of UN Watch, this 2017 Geneva Summit of human rights activists was another  clear manifestation of the fast decline of  human rights and democracy in the world.   

The return of authoritarianism with all of its dangers, the risks to past achievements to human rights, and the state of the fight for freedom and democracy today were among the major topics handled by prominent panelists, and 16 witness speakers, singers and painters who availed themselves at the podium during the day. They had many horror stories to tell about what happened to them and their compatriots in their respective countries. Sadly, there was no Eritrean witness this year as a victim  to witness to tell what  has happened to him/her and his/her compatriots in that country where crimes against humanity were being systematically perpetrated for a quarter of a century.

Every witness at the summit had stories that provoked tears in the eyes of many conference participants. Others (like the Mauritanian Birham Abeid) narrated about continuation of slavery, pure and simple, and related abuses to human rights that seem hard to believe. Still others (like former president of Maldives, see separate story) wanted to advise the new generations to mobilize themselves for stiff fight and "never  capitulate" to the new "strong man" phenomenon building up in many corners of the world.

The Geneva Summit for Human Rights and Democracy is held every year a few days before the convening of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva. A delegate of the Eritrean People's Democratic Party (EPDP)  was attending the conference for the second consecutive year.

Shown in the pictures below are the witnesses, panelists and some of the 2017 Geneva Summit prize awardees for their contribution in the struggle to promote human rights and democracy in the world.

1EPDP attends 22.02Anastasia Zotova, wife of jailed Russian dissident Ildar Dadin; Antonietta Ledezma, daughter of imprisoned mayor of Caracas, Antonio Ledezma;  Astrid Thors, Finnish politician and former OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities; Biram Dah Abeid, leader of the fight against slavery in Mauritania.

2EPDP attends 22.02Can Dündar, leading Turkish journalist and the former editor-in-chief of Cumhuriyet; Chito Gascon, Chair of the Human Rights Commission of the Philippines; Dang Xuan Dieu, Vietnamese dissident, just freed after 6 years in prison; Danilo “El Sexto” Maldonado, Cuban artist and activist, just released after imprisonment for criticizing Castro.

3EPDP attends 22.02Irwin Cotler, former Canadian Minister of Justice and MP, advocate for political prisoners; James Jones, Emmy-winning documentary-maker, producer of Saudi Arabia Uncovered; Médard Mulangala, Vice President of the Africa Liberal Network;  Mohamed NasheedFormer President of the Maldives.

4EPDP attends 22.02Nyima Lhamo, Tibetan activist and niece of religious leader Tenzin Delek Rinpoche; Shirin, freed Yazidi sex slave of ISIS, author of 'I Remain a Daughter of the Light'; Taghi RahmaniJournalist, former Iranian political prisoner, and husband of jailed human rights activist Narges Mohammadi; Zhanna NemtsovaJournalist, founder of the Boris Nemtsov Foundation for Freedom, and North Korean Defector(picture dropped for security purposes).

The Geneva Summit for Human Rights and Democracy annually awards prizes for prominent activists for human rights and democracy. This year's award for women's rights was given to the Iraqi Shirin, a freed Yazidi who was made sex slave of the so-called Islamic State, and the Courage Award on Democracy went to Mohamed Nasheed, former president of the Maldives, a small Asian island state with 400,000 population. The democratically-elected but ousted Maldives president was one of the strong voices against the growth of authoritarianism in the world today.

FormerMaldivePresidentWins2017CourageAward 1

Speaking at the Geneva Summit on 21 February 2017, Mr. Nasheed, who spent half of his adult life in prisons, witnessed that repressive regimes "are not torturing you for the information. . . They are torturing you to erase you, to get you to capitulate, to get you to surrender.."

He also added: “I always say and always still believe that it is possible to topple a dictator, but it is not so easy to uproot a dictatorship..It’s tentacles go very deep into the roots of society..."

Reprinted below are excerpts from his moving speech.

On being a political dissident in the Maldives:

“I have spent the good half of my adult life in prison. I lost my youth to chains; to incarcerations; to banishments; to torture; to abuse. I started my adult life as a journalist. . . That was in 1989.”

On being imprisoned and tortured:

“I remember that night [when I was first arrested], 270 of us [journalists] were arrested. I was held in solitary confinement for 18 months. I was beaten. I have been spat on, urinated upon. I was kept in stocks, held in chains and brutalized . . .”

“I was released just before I completed my sentence. But then, again, I was silly, so I wrote again, and they arrested me again. This went on and on. . . Every time they would release me and I would write again. I wrote for all sorts of newspapers. . . But with every news article, even when it was on the environment, I would be arrested.”

On leading the campaign to bring democracy to the Maldives:

“One night, a young boy of 19 was murdered in jail and I was having a cup of tea with a doctor. And the chief of police rang this doctor and wanted a death certificate on the boy. So, of course, I got livid. The doctor agreed that he would not sign the death certificate until the boy was brought to the hospital. That sparked a riot in Male. That set in motion a whole train of events that would finally deliver democracy to the Maldives. .”

“We had our first multiparty elections in 2008 and I was fortunate to have won those elections. I became the president and we started running a government, running a country. . . Although we were able to topple a dictator . . . It is not very easy to uproot a dictatorship. It’s tentacles go very deep into the roots of society. Those favorable to the previous regime fomented a coup and I was deposed.”

“After that, we started again advocating for free and fair elections. . . We had the first election, where I won . . . then, they nullified that result and then they had another round of elections, and then we won again and they nullified it again, as many rounds as it took for them to win. . .”

“I will go back to the Maldives again. I will go back to jail again. . . I have decided never ever  to give up and we will continue this fight.”

On political prisoners in the Maldives:

“We have more than 1,700 dissidents under one form of another of incarceration [in the Maldives].”

At UN Opening Event, Feb. 20, 2017:

  • “We sit here a week before world leaders would gather and deliberate upon the human rights situation in the world. A number of them would be thugs, thieves and murderers. And a number of them also would be apolitical and they would appease these thugs, murderers and thieves, saying that it’s in their strategic interest. They would argue that their cultures, that their religions are different and therefore, they have this right to continue harming us. We are here to see that this doesn’t happen.”
  • “Clever dictators suck you up. They want your entire life to be erased and reformatted according to their world view and according to how they want you to think. They are not torturing you for the information. . . They are torturing you to erase you, to get you to capitulate, to get you to surrender to the state.”
  • “I thought if I got elected as a member of parliament, I might have some safety and security. . . I sought election in the capital city Male and they elected me as their MP, but the government arrested me the next day.”
  • “We were able to galvanize our people to political activism, we were able to amend the constitution, we were able to have our first free and fair elections . . . I returned back to the Maldives, and of course, they arrested me. But the elections were held and I was released and I was fortunate to have won those elections and became the president.”
  • “I always say and always still believe that it is possible to topple a dictator, but it is not so easy to uproot a dictatorship.”
  • “The previous regime came back. They toppled me in a coup, and of course again arrested me. I was able to take part in the 2013 elections and I won, but they nullified the elections. They had it again. Again, I won. And they nullified it again. So, they had as many elections as it took them until I was beaten and then again they arrested me.”
  • “I intend to get back . . . Even if it means going back to jail, I intend to do that. I would call upon everyone here today to work together to subvert the regimes in so many of these countries. Let’s bring down these governments.”
  • “We can build economic, social and political structures to subvert and destabilize these regimes. I am sure we can do it and I am very sure we can win it.”
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