THEY are raped, tortured, beaten, shot and murdered but no one can help them.

Some of the world’s worst wars and conflicts are so dangerous that not even supplies or aid workers can get to the millions of citizens subjected to violence and other atrocities as they are trapped within them.

According to a new report by CARE International, many international horrors go under-reported and unnoticed because journalists and photographers are also unable to access the areas without extreme risk to their own lives.

Eritrea, the Democratic People’s Republic of Congo and the Democratic Republic of Korea are among several countries that can’t be reached by aid workers or media, according to CARE International.

Children scrape for food in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Children scrape for food in the Democratic Republic of Congo.Source:Supplied

Little is known about Eritrea, a country almost completely cut off from the outside world.

Journalists and aid workers have no access to humanitarian data and many major aid organisations are not allowed to provide relief to affected people, according to the new report. According to UN estimates, about two million people are without adequate food supplies in the semi-arid country.

Ongoing conflict, slow economic growth and lifelong mandatory military service force many people to flee Eritrea.

The UN estimates that 5,000 Eritreans leave their country each month, many of them so desperate for a better life, they risk taking the perilous route across the Sahara and the

Mediterranean Sea. Eritreans constitute one of the largest groups of refugees in Europe and Africa.


Half of all children in Eritrea are stunted and cannot achieve their full mental and physical potential, because of acute malnutrition.

According to the CARE International report, Eritrea is home to one of the 10 most under-reported humanitarian crises of 2016’.


It is extremely difficult for aid workers and journalists to get access to the Democratic Republic of Congo and help refugees.

It is extremely difficult for aid workers and journalists to get access to the Democratic Republic of Congo and help refugees.Source:Supplied

The report also reveals that reaching people in need in the Democratic People’s Republic of Congo is challenging as the security situation varies widely and certain areas are virtual ‘no-go’ zones for aid workers.

More than seven million people are in need of humanitarian assistance and struggling to survive amid violence, epidemics, malnutrition and natural disasters.

The country has been in a state of humanitarian crisis for more than two decades and the recent upsurge in violence in 2016 has left little hope for a peaceful transition in the near future.

Many children and adolescents living in the Democratic Republic Congo (DRC) know nothing but conflict after 20 years of war.

A toxic cocktail of constant fighting between numerous armed groups, droughts due to the El Niño climatic cycle and the influx of refugees from neighbouring countries such as Burundi, the Central African Republic and South Sudan have exacerbated the dire living conditions for many families.


According to CARE International, very few international organisations are allowed to provide relief in North Korea and international journalists are rarely granted access to report from inside the country.

“Very little information is available about the 18 million people — 70 per cent of the population — who do not have enough to eat,” the report read.

“Among them are more than two million children and pregnant and lactating women who are at risk of malnutrition, a severe threat to the survival of mothers and children under five.”

North Korea is prone to recurring disasters such as droughts, floods and storms. The previous two years were “abnormally dry, decreasing crop production by over 20 per cent from 2014

to 2015”. Typhoon Lionrock wreaked havoc in August, causing destructive floods and affected more than 600,000 people.


Monday, 23 January 2017 10:37

Eritrea Travel Warning

Written by


The U.S. Department of State continues to warn U.S. citizens of the risks of travel to Eritrea due to the unpredictable security situation along Eritrea’s borders and restrictions imposed by local authorities on travel within the country. All foreign nationals, including U.S. government employees, must obtain permits to travel outside of the capital Asmara. This restriction limits the ability of the U.S. Embassy to provide consular/emergency services anywhere outside of Asmara. This replaces the Travel Warning dated May 6, 2015.

Avoid travel along all border regions. In June 2016, fighting in the Ethiopia-Eritrea border region reportedly caused several deaths.  Continued political and military tensions between Eritrea and the neighboring countries of Djibouti and Ethiopia pose the threat of possible renewed conflict. Due to regional sensitivities, the State Department also recommends against travel to the border region with Sudan.

For further information:


Information downplayed rights abuses and meant some Eritrean children in Calais were refused entry to UK

The Calais camp
The Home Office used the lower grant rates as a reason for excluding almost all Eritrean children in the Calais refugee camp aged 13-15. Photograph: David Levene for the Guardian


The government downplayed the risk of human rights abuses in one of the world’s most repressive regimes in an attempt to reduce asylum seeker numbers despite doubts from its own experts, internal documents have revealed.

Home Office documents obtained by the Public Law Project detail efforts by the government to seek more favourable descriptions of human rights conditions in Eritrea, an east African country that indefinitely detains and tortures some of its citizens as well as carrying out extrajudicial executions and operating a shoot-to-kill policy on those caught trying to flee the country.

The notes relate to a high-level meeting that took place in the Eritrean capital, Asmara, in December 2014, between senior Eritrean government officials and a UK delegation led by James Sharp, the Foreign Office’s director of migration, and Rob Jones, the Home Office’s head of asylum and family policy.

A diplomatic telegram written by the then UK ambassador to Eritrea, David Ward, says the meeting was held to “discuss reducing Eritrean migration” and sought to find evidence on human rights “to evaluate whether we [the UK] should amend our country guidance”.

The discussions focused on how to reduce the number of Eritrean asylum seekers granted refugee status in the UK and how to deter more Eritreans coming to the UK to claim asylum. UK officials were concerned that the UK’s high grant rate to Eritrean asylum seekers of about 85% would attract more Eritreans to the UK.

UK officials agreed to look at giving Eritrea aid in exchange for Eritrea agreeing to soften some of its human rights abuses. The Eritrean government appears to have agreed to limit forced military conscription to 18 months but said it would do this informally rather than by making a formal announcement. Reports from human rights watchdogs this month found that the problem of enforced and prolonged military conscription is as bad as ever.


The documents also reveal that UK officials warned that they still had concerns after the meeting about the human rights situation in Eritrea. One of the documents disclosed to the Public Law Project, entitled Informal Report of UK Visit to Eritrea 9-11 December 2014, states: “If [Eritrean] government representatives are to be believed the risk of persecution or mistreatment in Eritrea is lower than our country guidance suggests. But independent verification of their description of the situation in Eritrea is difficult to find. Further evidence is likely to be required before a significant reduction in that rate [of grants of asylum] can be supported.”

A partially redacted email sent on 17 December 2014 states: “The story on the penalties for those returning to Eritrea for evading national service or illegal exit was less clear. Non-governmental interlocutors acknowledge the possibility of extrajudicial detention on an arbitrary basis.”

A parliamentary answer in the House of Lords in January 2015 confirmed that the visit to Eritrea had taken place and said that discussions had involved “topics including the current drivers of irregular migration, ways to mitigate it, and voluntary and enforced returns”.

Lord Bates, a Home Office minister, added: “We are now considering how best to use the information gathered during the visit to develop our approach to managing migration from Eritrea.”

But despite the doubts about a real improvement in the human rights situation expressed by UK officials in the internal documents, the Home Office went ahead in March 2015 with issuing new guidance to those making decisions on asylum seekers stating that the human rights situation in Eritrea was not as bad as previously thought.

Country guidance issued by the Home Office is highly influential on both ministry officials and judges making decisions on asylum claims. This guidance is expected to contain independently verifiable evidence.

As a result of the new guidance the levels of grants of asylum to Eritreans plummeted from 85% to 60%. However, 87% of those refused under the new guidance had their refusals overturned by judges on appeal.


The 2015 guidance impacted on Eritrean children in Calais who hoped to come to the UK at the end of last year. The Home Office used the lower grant rates as a reason for excluding almost all Eritrean children in Calais aged 13-15 – the initial grant rate for Eritrean asylum seekers between March 2015 and June 2016 was below 75%.

However, a significant case in the upper (immigration) tribunal last October, known as a country guidance case, found that the new Home Office guidance on Eritrea was not credible. The Home Office has acknowledged the reality of the human rights situation and withdrawn its flawed guidance.

Alison Pickup, the legal director of the Public Law Project, said: “It is of fundamental importance to the integrity of the UK’s asylum system that decisions on refugee status are based on fair, objective and informed assessment of conditions in their country of origin. The Home Office has a legal duty to ensure that the information given to decision-makers is as accurate, up to date and complete as possible. This disclosure suggests a troubling lack of impartiality and objectivity in the selection of information to be provided to asylum decision-makers about one of the most secretive and repressive regimes in the world.”

In relation to the Home Office exclusion of Eritrean children in Calais, she said: “The Home Office’s exclusion of Eritrean refugee children on the basis of a statistic which is the result of its own flawed guidance is a tragedy.”

Safe Passage, part of Citizens UK, was working with refugee children in Calais before the camp was closed last November. The Citizens UK leader, Jonathan Clark, the bishop of Croydon, said: “It is hugely concerning that the Home Office appeared to have been willing to set aside their own concerns that they were not being told the truth about ongoing human rights violations because of a policy to reduce numbers. This faulty evidence contributed to many vulnerable children from the Calais refugee camp [being] denied sanctuary in the UK through the Dubs scheme.


“As the government considers its policy towards unaccompanied children in Greece and Italy we urge them not to rule out children from countries such as Eritrea, but help the most at risk.”

A Home Office spokesman said: “The UK has a proud history of offering asylum to those who need it. Each application is carefully considered on its merits against background country information, ensuring only those with a genuine claim for asylum receive a grant.

“We continually review our country information and guidance to ensure it is up to date, accurate and relevant, so that staff can make fair and considered decisions. The most recent update to the guidance on Eritrea was made last year as a result of a fact-finding mission in 2016. We work closely with countries such as Eritrea to discuss migration matters.”

The Guardian has approached the FCO for comment.


በይ ኤርያ ኤርትራውያን ንዲሞክራስያዊ ለውጢ ብምክንያት ግዳያት ዜጋታትና ዘተስምዖ መሪር ሓዘን ይገልጽ!!
ንስድራቤት መወትን ንምሉእ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ድማ ጽንዓት ይሃበና ይብል።

እዚ ተድጋጋሚ ዘየዕርፍ ስደትን ህልቂትን ከም ዘለዎ እንተቀጺሉ እታ ከም ሃገር ዕትብትና ዝተቀበረላ መሬትና እውን ከይንስእና ዘጣራጥር እዩ። ንምታይ’ሲ ተካኢ ወለዶ ከም ዘለዎ እንተ ጸኒቱን ካብ ሞት ዝድሐነ ድማ ኣብ ስደት ኾይኑ ብዛዕባ እታ ትጠፍእ ዘላ ሃገሩ ብሕልና እንተ ዘይሓሲቡን፡ ታርክ ዘውርሱ ኣያታትን ኣቦታትን ኣብ ስደትን ኣብ ዓድን ቀዲሞምና እንተ ከይዶምን ሃገርና ክንስእና ኢና። እዚ ንሃገርን ህዝብን ዘጽንት ዘሎ ስርዓት ከም ኩሎም ግዛእቲ ደርብታት ክሓልፍ እኻ እንተኮነ ቅድሚ ናቱ ዕድመ ዕድመ ጥፋኣት ሃገርና  ይቅድም ኣሎ እሞኸ? ስቕታና ከምዚ ድዩ ክቅጽል ? ወይስ ካብቲ ንጥፋት ሃገርናን ህዝብናን ታሓትቲ’ዩ ንብሎ ዘሎና ስርዓት  ስቅታናን ኣብ ጥፍኣት ሃገር ማዕሪ ከየሕትተና እቶም ንፍትሕን ለውጥን ንድሊ ንኩሉም ድሑራት ኣራኣእያታትን ኣታሐሳስባታትን ወጊድ ኢልና ምእንቲ ድሕነት ሃገርን ህዝብን ክንልዓልን ዘተረፈ ህዝብና ካብ መንጋጋ ዓማጺ ሰርዓት ህግደፍ ክነድሕኖን ሰዓቱን ግዚኡን እዩ። እዚ ዓማጺ ሰርዓት እዚ ንእስላማይ ክርስትያናይ፡ ከበሰታይ ቖላታይ፡ ብዘይ ኣፍላላይ ብጅምላን ብማዕረ ዝጭፍጭፍ ዘሎ ኣረሜናዊ ሰርዓት ከምኻኑ መጠን !! ነቶም ንሱ ዝጥቀመሎም መሕብኢ ባዓቲ ድሕረት ኣፍሪስና ብሐድነት ብምጥማር ፍትሐዊትን ዲሞክራስያዊትን ኤርትራ ኣብ  ልዕሊ መቃብር ዓመጽታ ክንተክላ ሕልናዊ ሓላፍነት ኣሎና።

ሰለዚ እምበኣር’ዩ በይ ኤርያ  ኤርትራውያን ንዲሞክራስያዊ ልውጢ ወትሩ በቲ ንኩሉ ኤርትራዊ ደላይ ለውጢ ፍልልያቱ ብዘይገድስ ዝሰርሓሉ ህዝባዊ ማዕበል ንለውጥን ድሕነት ህዝብን ዓቅሙ ዝፈቅዶ ከይትሐለለ እጃሙ ዘበርክት ዘሎ። በይ-ኤርያ  ምስ-ኩሉ ደላይ ለውጢ ኣበየናይ ኩርናዕ  ዓለም ብዘየግድስ  ህዝብና ካብ ዝጋጥሞ ዘሎ ተዳጋጋሚ ህልቂት ንምደሓን ንለውጢ ምስ ዝቃለሱ ክቃለስ ቁሩብ ምኻኑ ይገልጽ።


ኩሉ ድሕሪ ድሕነት ሃገር!!

ሐድነት’ዩ መንገዲ ድሕነትና!

ዝኽሪ ንኩሎም ሰማእታትና!!
በይ-ኤርያ ኤርትራውያን ንዲሞክራስያዊ ለውጢ

ሓርነት ኦርግ ድሕርቲ ዝተረኽበ ውጽኢት ዓወት ደሞክራስያዊ ምርጫ ህዝቢ ጋምብያ ብ1 ታሕሳስ 2016 ኣመልኪቱ ነቲ ብሰላም ተኻይዱ ውጽኢቱ ድማ: ዝነበረ ፕረሲደንት ጋምብያ ተቐቢለዮ ምባሉን: ንህዝቢ ኣፍሪቃ ኣየር ደሞክራሲ ዘተንበሀ ፍጻመ ምንባሩን ኣብ ዓምድታቱ ኣስፊርዎ ነይሩ። ጸኒሑ ግን ዝነበረ ፕረሲደንት ስልጣነይ ኣየረክብን ኢሉ ሓንጊዱ ምጽንሑን ኣበይ ከም ዝውድእን ነቲ ምዕባለ ኣብ ምጽንታው ዝጸንሐ ዓለምን ህዝቢ ጋምብያን: ብሓይልታት ደገፍቲ ምርጫ ህዝቢ ጋምብያ ብፍላይ ሰነጋል ውረድ ወይ ድማ ብሓይሊ ከነልግሰካ ኢና ዝብል ናይ ሕቡራት ሃገራት ቡራኬ ዝተሓወሶ ስምዕታ: ያሕያ ጃሚህ ከዕጠጢ ድሕሪ ምጽናሕ ነታ ሃገር ገዲፉ ክወጽእ ተቐሲቡስ እቲ ዝሰዓረ ፕረሲደንት ኣዳማ ባረው ክትክኦ ኣብ ምድላው ኣሎ። ኣብዚ ዝጸንሐ ደሞክራስያዊ ምውጣጥ ናይ ስላጣን ሰራዊት ጋምብያ ንውጽኢት ብዝሒ ድምጺ ህዝቢ ጋምብያ ደጊፉ ድው ምባሉ ንኻልኦት ሰብ ጹረራ ትምህርትዩ።

ህዝቢ ጋምብያ 1,849,285 ሚልዮን ኮይኑ: ጋምብያ ብመጠን ስፍሓታ; ጻዕቂ ህዝቢ ዘለዋ ሃገርያ። ወግዓዊ ቋንቋ ህዝቢ ጋምብያ እንግሊዝዩ። መብዛሕትኡ ህዝቢ ጋምብያ ግን ቦታዊ ቋንቁኡዩ ዘዘውትር። ካብ ዓሰርተ ጋምብያውያን ትሽዓተ ሃይማኖት ምስልምናዮም ዝኽተሉ ኢዮም። ጋምብያ ረፓብልኪካዊት ሃገር ኮይና ብመሰረት ቁዋም’ታ ሃገር ደሞክራስን ብዝሐ ሰልፍታትንያ ክትመሓደር ዝግባእ። ይኹን እምበር ብግብርስ ኣብዚ ዝሓልፈ 22 ዓመት ብሓያል ምልካዊ ፕረሲደንት ያሕያ ጃሚህ ኢያ ክትደሃኽ ጸኒሓ። ብ1994 ብዕልዋ (ኩደታ) ኣብ ስልጣን ዝደየበ ጃሚህ ኣብቲ ግዜ 29 ዓመት ነይርዎ። ብገለ ክፋል ናይቲ ህዝቢ ደገፍ እኳ ይንበሮ እምበር ቀንዲ ንምልኩ ዝሓገዘ ረቛሕስ ዝተባታተነ ተቛውሞ ካብ ቀንዲዩ ነይሩ። በዚ ዝሰኸረ ጃሚህ ኣምላኽ እንትፈቒዱስ ንሚልያርድ ዓመታት ክመርሕየ ይብል ነይሩዩ።

ዕብዳን ስልጣን ዝዓዘሮ ያሕያ ጃሚህ ኣብ ሓደ ታሕሳስ ዝተኻየደ ውጽኢት ምርጫ ህዝቢ ጋምብያ ኣይቅበልን ብምባል ሓንጊዱ ጸኒሑ: ኣብቲ ምርጫ ኣዳማ ባረው ዝመርሖ ወገን ብ 45.5 ክዕወት ከሎ: ጃሚህ 36.7 ብምምጻእ ተሳዒሩ ኢዩ። እንተኾነ ዕውር ስስዐ ስልጣንን ብልሽው ዘይዓግብ ሸውሃቱን ካብ ምልኪ ብቐሊሉ ከገላግሎ ኣይከኣለን። ኣይወርድን ብምባል ክሕንግድ ፈቲኑ።

ሃገራት ምዕራብ ኣፍሪቃ ብፍላይ ሰንጋል ግን ምስ ውጽኢት ምርጫ ህዝቢ ጋምብያ ደው ብምባል: እንተዘወሪድካ ሓይሊ ክንጥቀም ኢና ዝብል መልእኽቶም ነታ ሕብእቲ ፍርሒ ምልካውነት ያሕያ ፊሒራ ምስ ኣውጸአት: ሕራይ ክብል ተቐሲቡስ ሃገር ገዲፉ ወጺኡ። ኣብ ውሽጢ ናይ 22 ዓመት ምልካውነቱ ንብረት ህዝቢ ጋምብያ ክዘርፍ ዝጸንሐ ጃሚህ: መላእ ዝዘረፎ ንብረት ዛጊት ኣይተፈልጠን ዘሎ። ካብታ ሃገር ክወጽእ ከሎ ግን ዓሰርተ ናተይ ዝብለን መካይን ክማላእ ሓቲቱ ተቐባልነት ኣይረኸበን። ህዝቢ ጋምብያ ኸኣ ምልካዊ ያሕያ ካብታ ሃገር ለቒቑ ክወጽእን ብዝረኸቦ ደሞክራስያዊ ድምጹ ክዛነን ጀሚሩ ኣሎ።

ዓለምና ብክልተ ተጻረርቲ ነገራት ዝቖመት ምዃና ንኹልና ብሩህ እዩ። እዚ ተጻረርቲ ገሊኡ ናብ ጐነጽ፥ ገሊኡ ከኣ ናብ ሰናይ ነገራት ዝውዕል እዩ። እዚ ተጻረርነት  ኣብ ኩሉ ከም ዝርከብ ንምብራህ እዞም ዝስዕቡ ነጥብታት ምጥቃስ ይከኣል። ኣብ ምሕደራ ወጻዕን ተወጻዕን፥ ኣብ ኩነታት ኣየር ሙቐትን ዛሕልን ... እናበለ ዝኸይድ እዩ።

ኣብ ሓደ  ለውጢ ንምምጻእ ዝግበር ቃልሲ እውን ከይተረፈ ክልተ ተጻረርቲ ክህልዉ ናይ ግድን እዩ። እቲ ሓደ ብናተይ ሓሳብ ተመርሑ ክብል፥ ብካልእ ሸነኽ ከኣ የለን ብናይ ሓባር ኣተሓሳስባ ንመራሕ ኣብ ዝብል። ከምኡ እውን ንዲሞክራሲ ዝቕበልን ምልኪ ዝመርጽን፥ ሓቢርካ ምስራሕን በበይንኻ ክትከይድ ምድላይን፥ ውዱብ መንገዲ ዝድግፍን ውልቃውነት ዘምልኽን፥ ብሕጊ ዝቕየድን ልዕሊ ሕጊ ክኸውን ዝደናደንን ... ወዘተ ዝኣመሰሉ ንጽጽራት፡ ምስቲ ባህሪ ዝፈጥሮ ጠባይ ተደሚሮም ዝፈጥርዎ ምፍሕፋሓት ውጽኢት ናይዚ ክልተ ተጻራሪ ጉዳያት እዩ። እዚ ውጽኢት እዚ ሃናጽን ኣዕናውን ናይ ምዃን ባህሪ ኣለዎ። ንኣብነት ማይ ብክልተ በበይኑ ዝቁምነገሮም ሃድሮጅንን ኦክሲጅንን ዝምስረት እዩ። ናይዚ ተጻራርነት ውጺኢት ዝኾነ ማይ ኣብ ህልውናና ወሳኒ ክኸውን እንከሎ፡  ኣመና ምስ ዝበዝሕ እሞ መዕገቲ እንተዘይገርካሉ ከኣ ሓያል ውሕጅ ኮይኑ ከቢድ ጉድኣት የውርድ።

እዚ ተጻራሪ ኣተሓሳስባ ኣብ ፖለቲካዊ መዳይ እውን ይንጸባረቕ እዩ። ንርእይቶ ብዙሓት ተቐቢልካ ከተብቅዕ፡ ንርኢቶኻ ከኣ ብሕጋዊ መንገዲድን ብውሕልነትን ንኹሉ የርብሕ ዲዩ ኣየርብሕን ከይመመኻ ምቕራብ ናብ ጐነጽን ግርጭትን ዘምርሕ ኢዩ።  ውድባት ካብ ከምዚ ኣምር ናጻ ስለዘይኮና ወትሩ ምፍሕፋሓት የጋጥመን። ምስ እዚ ኹሉ ግና ህላዌ ፖለቲካዊ  ውድባት ከም ናይ ቃልሲ መሳርሒ ኣገዳሲ እዩ። ምኽንያቱ ኣብ ፖለቲካዊ ንጥፈታት ዝሳተፍ ኣካል ሓላፍነት ወሲዱ ዝቃለሰሉ መስርዕ ስለ ዝኾነ። ካብዚ ሓሊፉ ብናይ ሓባር  ሓላፍነትን ኣበርክቶን ናብ ናይ ሓባር ዓወት ስለ ዝወስድ። እዚ ዝኸውን ግና፡ በቲ ቅኑዕ ትርጉም ፖለቲካ፡ ፖለቲካ ንኣገባብ ምሕደራ፡ ፖለቲካውን ቁጠባውን ኣብ ምትእስሳር ዝሕግዝ ስነፍልጠት ምዃኑ ገርና ምስ እንርድኦ እዩ። ምሕደራ ክበሃል እንከሎ  ፖለቲካን ቁጠባን ኣወሃሂዱ እምበር፡ ፈላልዩ ከመሓድር ምስ ዝፍተን ቅሳነት፡ ናጽነትን ፍትሕን ይጠፍእ እዩ። ስለዚ ነዚ ፖለቲካውን ቁጠባውን ጥምረት’ዚ ክወሃሃድን ህዝቢ ብዘይጭቈነሉን ዘይምዝመዘሉን ኣገባብ ንምትላም ድማ ፖለቲካዊ ሰልፍታትን ስቪላዊ ማሕበራትን ተሓጋጊዘን ንዲሞክራሲያዊ መትከልን ኣተሓሳስባን ከተባብዓ ዓቢ ገደ ኣለወን።

ፖለቲካዊ ሰልፍታትን ውድባትን ዲሞክራሲያዊ ኣተሓሳስባ ዝውንናን  ንሓባራዊ ፖለቲካዊ ስምማዓትን ድሌታትን ኣብ ግብሪ ንምውዓል ኣብ ስልጣን ንዝፍጠር ቁርቁስን ምስሕሓብን ሰላማውን ዲሞክራሲያውን ኣገባብ ተጠቒመን መልክዕ ብምትሓዝ ይመርሓ። እዚ ከኣ ዓበይቲ ጉዳያት ህዝብን ሃገርን ሰላማውን ዲሞክራሲያውን ኣገባብ ተኸቲልካ ብምኻድ ኣተዓራቒ መንፈስን ዲሞክራሲያዊ ኣተሓሳስባን ክድንፍዕ ይሕግዝ። ግርጭት ክለዓል እንከሎ እውን መንፈስ ናይ ምርድዳእን ነቲ ግርጭት ተጸዋዊርካ ብሓባር ናይ ምፍታሕ ዕግበትን ይሃንጽ። ካብዚ ወጻኢ ኣብ ዝኽየድ መንገዲ፡ እቲ ኣብ ምስሕሓብ ረብሓ ዘለዎ ወገን ነቲ ፍታሕ ክቕበል ድልው ስለዘይከውን ነቲ ዲሞክራሲያዊ መስርሕ ኣይመርጾን። በዚ ዝኣክል ኣብ መንጎ ሕድሕድ ሰልፍታትን ኣብ ወውሽጠንን  ፍልልያት ክህሉን ክርአን ውሁብ እዩ።

 ኣብቲ ዝፍጠር ናይ ኣተሓሳስባ ፍልልያትን ምፍሕፋሕን ሓደ ካብቶም ተዋሳእቲ ነቲ ኩነታት ኣብ ረብሓኡ ከውዕሎ እሞ ኣተሓሳባኡ ቅኑዕ ንሱ ድማ ዘይጋገ ኮይኑ ክቐርብ እንተ ተመጣጠረ ርዱእ እምበር ዘሰንብድ ኣይከውንን። እቲ ናብዚ ክበጽሕ ዝመርጾ መንገዲ ግና ደሞክራሲያዊ ድዩ ኣይኮነን ከዛርብ ይኽእል። ካብዚ ጥዑይ መንገዲ ወጺእካ  ብስዉር ይኹን ብግሉጽ መንገዲ፡  ከምቲ ምስላ ዓረብኛ ’’ደረበኒ በካ ዎ ሰበቐኒ እሽተካ’’ ማለት ሃሪሙኒ በኽዩ ቀዲሙኒ ጠሪዑ ዝብሎ’ዩ ዝኸውን። እዚ ኣካይዳ መሰረታዊ ብዘይኮኑን ሓድነት ብዝሃስዩን ስምዒታት ክስነይ እንከሎ ከኣ ሃሳይነቱ ዝያዳ ይዓርግ። እቲ ኣዝዩ ዝጐድእ ከኣ ሓደ ኣካል ንገዛእ ርእሱ ልዕሊ ሕጊ ክሰርዕን ንደሞክራስያዊ ዝምድና ኣብ ምልክት ሕቶ ከተእትውን ክትፍትን እንከሎ እዩ። ኣብ ከምዚ ኩነታት ዝካየድ ኣሉታዊ ጐስጓሳት ብዙሓት ዘይሓቀኛታት ክንሶም ቅኑዓት መሲሎምን ተጠሚዚዞምን ዝቐርቡ ዛዕባታት ንግዜኡ ቦታ ክረኽቡ ይኽእሉ። ዘይሩ ዘይሩ ሓቂ ሓቂ ሓሶት ድማ ሓሶት ካብ ምዃኑ’ኳ ዘይተርፍ እንተኾነ ዝገድፎ ስንብራት ግና ቀሊል ኣይከውንን።

ዘሎናዮ እዋን እምበኣር ምስግጋር ካብ ምልኪ ናብ ዲሞክራሲ ስለዝኾነ፡ ኩሉ ወገናት ዲሞክራሲ ብማዕረ ዝብጽሖ ምዃኑ ምእማን ብተግባር ክሕለቐሉ ናይ ግድን ይኸውን። ምኽንያቱ እቲ ነዚ ዲሞክራሲ ዝጠልቦ ሕግን ምእዙዝነትን ጥሒስካ ምኻድ ዘስዕቦ ፍንውነት፥ ነቲ ሓቢርካ ብሰላም ናይ ምንባር ህይወት ስለ ዝዘርጎ።

إلى شعبنا الإرتري الصامد في كل مكان !!

إلى أسرة الفقيد ومناضلي جبهة الإنقاذ الوطني الإرترية !!

إلى القوى الوطنية المناضلة ضد النظام الديكتاتوري في إرتريا..

إلى كل من يطمح ويسعي لغد أفضل لوطننا الغالي..  إلى المدافعين عن حقوق الانسان في كل مكان..

إلى أشقاء وأصدقاء الشعب الإرتري المناضل !!


نعزيكم جميعا فى وفاه المناضل الرمز الدكتور هبتي تسفاماريام، رئيس الهيئة التنفيذية لجبهة الإنقاذ الوطني الإرترية، الذي وافته المنية مساء يوم الجمعة الموافق 13 يناير 2017.


Dr Habte pic 1حقيقة تعجز الحروف والكلمات عن التعبير عن حجم الحزن والأسى في استشهاد المناضل الدكتور هبتي تسفاماريام، فلا شك أن المصاب جلل، إذ فقدنا وفقدت الحركة الوطنية الإرترية والشعب الإرتري مناضلاً عظيمًا وقائدا محنكا أفنى عمره كله في خدمة قضايا شعبه ووطنه.

كان الشهيد الدكتور هبتي تسفا ماريام وحدويًّا وذا مواقف وطنية عظيمة وإسهامات كبيرة وحضورًا مشرّفًا على الصعيدين الإرتري والخارجي .. لقد فقدت الحركة الوطنية الإرترية بغيابه أحد أركانها ورجالها العظام حيث كانت له إسهامات نضالية لا تخطئها العين،  وآراء وطنية متقدمة في كل المجالات التي عمل بها.

يعجز المرء عن تعداد مآثر الفقيد الكثيرة والتي من أبرزها حرصه الشديد على وحدة الشعب الإرتري وبُعده عن أية ممارسة تنم منها الطائفية والجهوية ، وكان بحق أحد الرموز الوطنية الذين يحتذى بهم. كان الدكتور هبتي  رجلاً من خيرة الرجال حُبًّا لوطنه وعطاءً وتضحية وشجاعة، وثابتًا على مواقفه لا تهزه المصاعب والمحن، لم يتنازل عن مواقفه المبدئية ولاعن حقوق شعبه في الحرية والديمقراطية ، رغم الظروف القاسية التي مرت بها جبهة التحرير الإرترية التي كان أحد أبرز قياداتها. فاستمر صامدًا ومثابرًا إلى آخر لحظة من حياته.

إن عزاءنا في هذا المصاب الجلل هو ما تركه لنا من تاريخ نضالي كبير سنستقي، بالتأكيد، من معينه ما يُعيننا في مواصلة مسيرة تحرير الشعب الإرتري من النظام الديكتاتوري وبناء نظام ديمقراطي يتمتع في ظله شعبنا، بمختلف مكوناته، بالعدالة والمساواة والعيش الكريم.  

سيرة ذاتية مختصرة

عن فقيد الوطن الدكتور هبتي تسفاماريام

ولد الفقيد في عدي خوالا في ١٦ يوليو ١٩٤٣ ثم انتقل مع أسرته إلى أسمرا، حيث عاش هناك وتلقى فيها دراسته حتى المرحلة الثانوية. وبعد إكمال الدراسة الثانوية التحق بمعهد إعداد المعلمين وتخرج منه ثم عمل مدرسًا لفترة قصيرة ..  وبعد ذلك انتقل إلى مدينة هرر في إثيوبيا، لتلقيى التعليم العالي في كلية البيطرة في "ألمايا كولج". وبعد أن أكمل دراسته هناك، سافر الى بولندا  للالتحاق بجامعة وارسو لنيل الماجستير في مجال الطب البيطري. وفور تخرجه من هناك انتقل الى جامعة برلين حيث حصل على شهادة الدكتوراهفي تخصصه بامتياز، وعمل في جامعة برلين لفترة قصيرة كمساعد مدرس فيها.

Dr Habte pic 2ارتبط فقيد الوطن الدكتور هبتي تسفاماريام مبكرًا بالعمل الوطني؛ حيث كان عضوًا في الخلايا السرية لحركة تحرير إرتريا .. وبعد انتقاله إلى أوروبا واصل نشاطه الوطني في إطار العمل الطلابي الإرتري وفي إطار جبهة التحرير الإرترية، وكان من مؤسسي الاتحاد العام لطلبة إرتريا في أوروبا وأصبح أول رئيس لها، وسافر إلى القاهرة وبغداد ودمشق للمساهمة في المساعي التي كانت تبذل لتوحيد الحركة الطلابية الإرترية التي كانت منقسمة بين فرعي القاهرة وبغداد، حيث تكللت تلك المساعي بالنجاح، وشارك الفقيد في المؤتمر التأسيسي للاتحاد العام لطلبة إرتريا (GUES) الذي افتتح أعماله في مقر البرلمان السوري في دمشق في الثامن عشر من ديسمبر 1968. 

كان الفقيد من أبرز الرافضين لأن تكون الحركة الطلابية الإرترية جزءًا من الحركة الطلابية الإثيوبية التي كان تضم جميع الطلاب الإرتريين المبتعثين للدراسة إلى أوروبا من قبل الحكومة الإثيوبية.  وبصفته كادرًا متقدما في صفوف جبهة التحرير الإرترية، كان يلتقي برئيس وأعضاء المجلس الأعلى بشكل مستمر في زيارات العمل التي كان يقوم بها إلى البلدان العربية..

التحق الشهيد الدكتور هبتي تسفاماريام بالميدان؛ وشارك في المؤتمر الوطني الثاني لجبهة التحرير الإرترية الذي عقد في مايو 1975، واختير عضوا في المجلس الثوري. وفور انفضاض المؤتمر تم تعيينه مديرًا لمدرسة الكادر، ثم تم تكليفه كمسؤول للشؤون الأوروبية والأفريقية في مكتب العلاقات الخارجية الذي كان يرأسه آنذاك الشهيد المناضل الزين ياسين شيخ الدين.  وكان له دورٌ بارز في إيصال القضية الإرترية إلى المحافل الدولية والمنظمات القارية. 

يعتبر الشهيد الدكتور هبتي تسفاماريام من مؤسسي جمعية الهلال والصليب الأحمر الإرترية مع زميل دربه المناضل الدكتور يوسف برهانو أحمد الدين ... وكان لهما دورًا أساسيًّا في نقل معاناة اللاجئين الإرتريين في دول الجوار، أو المهجرين من قراهم ومناطقهم بسبب سياسة الأرض المحروقة التي كانت تتبعها قوات الاحتلال الإثيوبي، والذين كان يتم إيواءهم في المناطق التي كانت تحت إدارة جبهة التحرير الإرترية.. كما كان لهما الفضل في إقناع منظمة الأمم المتحدة للتربية والعلم والثقافة- اليونسكو (UNESCO) على فتح مدرسة ثانوية للاجئين الإرتريين في كسلا..

تنقل الشهيد الدكتور هبتي في مواقع ومسؤوليات نضالية عديدة ... واختير في 2014 رئيسًا للهيئة التنفيذية لجبهة الإنقاذ الوطني الإرتري. وكان عضوًا في المجلس الوطني الإرتري للتغيير الديمقراطي. وظل حتى آخر يوم في حياته، يؤدي مهامه النضالية بإخلاص وتفان.

الدكتور هبتي متزوج من السيدة أديام تخليت وأب لثلاثة.. ابنته البكر الدكتور ميلين؛ وابنيه سند وسهيل.

فتحية إكبار وتقدير للبطل الذى عاش مناضلاً ومات بطلاً. فالمجد كلّ المجد لك وقسما وعهدًا بأننا سنواصل مسيرتك النضالية حتى تتحقق الأهداف الوطنية التي ظللت تناضل من أجلها العمر كله.

المجد والخلود لشهدائنا الأبرار !!

الهيئة التنفيذية

لجبهة الإنقاذ الوطني الإرترية

20 يناير 2017

ENSF Headed Paper

ኑዕ ተቓላሳይ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ኣብ ውሽጢ ሃገርን ወጻእን !

ስድራ ቤት ስዉእን መላእ ኣባላት ግንባር ሃገራዊ ድሕነት ኤርትራን!

ኤርትራዊ ሃገራዊ ሓይልታትን ሃገራውያን ባእታታትን!

ኤርትራውያን ተጣበቕቲ ሰብኣዊ መሰላት ኣብ ኩሉ ኩርናዓት ዓለም!

ኣዕሩኽን መሓዙትን ተቓላሳይ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ።


ሓርበኛ ተቓላሳይ ዶክቶር ሃብተ ተስፋማርያም፣ ኣቦ መንበር ፈጻሚ ኣካል ግንባር ሃገራዊ ድሕነት ኤርትራ፣ ብዓርቢ ኣጋምሸት ዕለት 13 ጥሪ 2017 ድሕሪDr Habte pic 1 ነዊሕ ሕማም ብማስዋእቲ ካብ’ዛ ዓለም ተፈሊዩና። መስዋእቱ ዝሕደጎ ዓሚቚን ከቢድን ሓዘን፣ ፊደላትን ቃላትን ጥራይ ዝገልጽዎ ኣይኮነን። ፈጻሚ ኣካል ግንባር ሃገራዊ ድሕነት ኤርትራ ንኩሉኹም ሃገራውያን ሕሱም ኣይትርከቡ ይብል።

ኣብ’ዚ ህልዊ ጽንኩር መድረኽ ቃልሲ’ዚ፡ መስዋእቲ ናይ’ቲ ዕድመኡ ብምሉኡ ምእንቲ ህዝቡን ሃገሩን ዘሕለፈ ክቡር ተጋዳላይን ሙኩር መራሕን ዶክቶር ሃብተ ተስፋማርያም፣ ንህዝቢ ኤርትራን መላእ ሃገራዊ ምንቅስቓስ ንዲሞክራስያዊ ለውጥን ዓቢ ክሳራ’ዩ። ስዉእ ዶክቶር ሃብተ ተስፋማርያም ኣብ ኩሉ ዝተሳተፈሉ ዓውደ ተጋድሎ፡ ገስጋስ ሃገራዊ ራእይን ጽኑዕ ሃገራዊ ሓድነታዊ መርገጻትን ዘመስከረ ሓርበኛ ኢዩ። ኣብ ሃገራውን ኣህጉራውን መጋባእያታት፣ ጉዳይ ፍትሓዊ ቃልሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትር ኣብ ምልላይ ዘይካሓድ ጭቡጥ ልዑል ግደታት ኣበርክቱ’ውን’ዩ።

ኣብ’ዛ ሓጻር ህሞት’ዚኣ ገድላዊ ኣበርክቶታት ስዉእ ዶር. ሃብተ ምዝርዛሩ ኣይከኣልን’ዩ። እንዳውን ኣውራጃውን ከምኡ’ውን ካብ ጉጅላውነትን ኣተሓሳስባን ኣሰራርሓን ሓራ ብምንባሩ፡ ኩሉ ዘይኽሕዶ፣ ፈታንን ጽንኩሩን ተረኽቦታት ዘየንቕንቖን፡ ካብ መትከላቱን፣ ኣብ ሓርነትን ዲሞክራስን መሰላት ህዝቡን ፈልከት ዘይብልን ተሪር ሓላዪ ሓድነት ህዝቢ ኤርትራን ጽኑዕ ተጋዳላይን መራሒን ነበረ። ፈታዊ ህዝቡን ሃገሩን ስለ ዝነበረ፡ ኩቡር ጅግንነታዊ መስዋእቲ ከፈለ። ሰለዝኾነ ካኣ፣ ምስ’ቲ ነታ ኣብ ምምራሓ ዓቢ እጃም ዝነበሮ፣ ተጋድሎ ሓርነት ኤርትራ ዘጋጠማ ጽንኩርን ዝተሓላለኽን ብድሆታት ንምስጋርን፣ ሃገራዊ መትከላታ ኣብ ምዕቋብን፣ ክሳብ ዕለተ መስዋእቱ ብጽንዓት ክቃለስ ጸኒሑ’ዩ። ሓዲጉልና ሓሊፉ ዘሎ ዓቢ ታሪኽ፡ ናይ መላእ ህዝቢ ኤርትራን ተቃለስቲ ደቁ ሓይልታቱን ገድላዊ ተውፊት ከም ምዃኑ መጠን፡ ኣብ ረብሓ ዲሞክራስን ሓርነትን ሰላምን ማዕርነትን ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ንምውዓል፡ ኣብዚ ዘለናዮ መድረኽ ምእንቲ ዲሞክራስያዊ ለውጢንምርግጋጽ እንካይዶ ዘሎና ተጋድሎ፡ ብቐዳምነት ምውዳቕ ዲክታቶርያዊ ስርዓት ንምቕልጣፍን፡ ዲሞክራስያዊት ኤርትራ ንምህናጽን ጥጡሕ ሰላማዊ ዲሞክራስያዊ ባይታ ንምምድማድን፡ መዕጥቖ ቃልስና ሸጥ ኣቢልና፡ መሳርዕን ናውትን ተቓውሞ ሓይልታት ንምጥርናፍ ክንዲ ዝተኽእለና ምስ ኩሉ ክንቃለስ ምዃና ነረጋግጽ።

ሓጺር ታሪኽ ሂወት

ስዉእ ዶክቶር ሃብተ ተስፋማርያም

ስዉእ ዶር. ሃብተ ብ16 ሓምለ 1943 ኣብ ዓዲዃላ ተወለደ። ናብ ኣስመራ ብምጒዓዝ ትምህርቱ ክሳብ ካልኣይ ደረጃ ኣሰላሰለ። ድሕሪኡ ኣብ ቤት ትምህርቲ ምስልጣን መማህራን (TTI) ቀጸለ። ድሕሪ ምምራቑ፣ ንሓጺር ግዜ ከም መምህር ኮይኑ ኣገልገለ። ላዕላዋይ ደረጃ ትምህርቱ ንምቕጻል ናብ ኢትዩጵያ፣ ከተማ ሃረር ብምኻድ፣ ኣብ ኣላማያ ኮለጅ ቨትሪናሪ ተማሂሩ። ትምህርቱ ንምቕጻል ናብ ፖላንድ ገይሹ። ኣብ ዋርሶ ዩነቨርሲቲ ኣብ መዳይ ስነፍልጠት ቨትሪናሪ ብማስተረይት ተመረቐ። ድሒሩ ኣብ ጀርመን ኣብ በርሊን ዩኒቨርሲቲ ኣብ ቨትሪናሪ PHD ብዝላዓለ ደረጃ ረኸበ። ንውሱን ግዜ ድማ ከም ተሓጋግዚ ፕሮፈሶር ኮይኑ ኣብ’ቲ ዩኒቨርስቲ ኣገልገል።

ስዉእ ዶር. ሃብተ ኣብ ሃገራዊ ዕዮ ኣንጊሁ ተሰለፈ። ኣባል ምንቅስቓስ ሓርነት ኤርትራ ኔሩ። ናብ ኤውሮጳ ምስ ተሳፈረ፡ ሃገራዊ ንጥፍታቱ ኣብ ክሊ ምንቅስቓስ ተማሃሮ ብምቕጻል፡ ዓቢ ሃገራዊ ተራ ተጻወተ። ምንቅስቓስ ተማሃሮ ኤርትራውያን ኣካል ምንቅስቓስ ተማሃሮ ኢትዮጵያ ዘይኮነስ፡ ርእሱ ዝኻኣለDr Habte pic 2 ናጻ ኤርትራዊ ምንቅስቓስ ንምዃን ካብ ዝቃለሱ ዝነበሩ ልሉያት ሃገራውያን ነበረ። ስለዝኾነ ካኣ ሓደ ካብ’ቶም መስረቲ ጠቕላላ ማሕበር ተማሃሮ ኤርትራ ኣብ ኤሮጳን ቀዳማይ ኣቦ መንበሩን ኮነ። ኣብ’ቲ መዋእል’ቲ ስሙር ምንቕስቓስ ተማሃሮ ብዘይምንባሩ፣ ብፍላይ ድማ ኣብ መንጎ ምንቅስቓስ ተማሃሮ ኣብ ካይሮን ኣብ ባግዳድን ተመቓቒሉ ብምጽንሑ፣ ነዚ ንምእላይ ኣብ ዝካየድ ዝነበረ ጻዕርታት፣ እጃሙ ንምብርካት ንካይሮ ገሸ። እቲ ጻዕርታት ስለ ዝተዓወተ ድማ ኣብ ባይቶ ሶርያ ኣብ ከተማ ዳማስቆስ ዝተጋበአ መስራቲ ጉባኤ ጠቕላላ ማሕበር ተማሃሮ ኤርትራ ተሳተፈ። ከምኡ’ውን ንሃገራዊ ዕዮ ብዝምልከት፣ ናብ ሃገራት ዓረብ ኣብ ዝመላለሰሉ ዝነበረ ጊዜ፡ ምስ ኣቦ መንበርን ኣባላትን ላዕላዋይ ባይቶ ተጋድሎ ሓርነት ኤርትራ ብቐጻሊ ይራኸብ ነበረ።

ህዝቡን ሃገሩን ኣብ ቀዳማይ ቦታ ይሰርዕ ብምንባሩ፣ ሃገራዊ ቃልሱ ንምብራኽ፣ ኣብ 1975 ዓ.ም. ንሜዳ ተሰለፈ። ኣብ ወርሒ ግንቦት 1975 ኣብ ዝተጋበአ 2 ሃገራዊ ጉባኤ ተጋድሎ ሓርነት ኤርትራ ኣባል ሰውራዊ ባይቶ ኮይኑ ተመረጸ። ቀጥታ ድሕሪ ጉባኤ፣ ከም ሓላፊ ቤት ትምህርቲ ካድር ኮይኑ ተመደበ። ድሒሩ ኣብ’ቲ ብስዉእ ተጋዳላይ ኣዜን ያሲን ሸይኸዲን ዝምራሕ ዝነበረ ቤት ጽሕፈት ወጻኢ ዝምድናታት ከም ሓላፊ ዓንኬል ኣፍሪቃን ኤውሮጳን ኮይኑ ተመደበ። ፍትሓዊ ጉዳይ ኤርትራ ኣብ ኣህጉራዊ ዓውዲታትን ኣህጉራዊ ውድባትን ንምብጻሕ ልሉይ ግደ ነበሮ።

ከምኡ’ውን ስዉእ ዶር. ሃብተ ምስ ናይ ነዊሕ ዓመታት ዝኾነ ብጻዩ ዶር. ዩሱፍ ብርሃኑ ኮይኑ ሓደ ካብ’ቶም መስረቲ ማሕበር ቀይሕ መስቀልን ወርሕን ኤርትራ’ዩ። መግዛእታዊ ሰራዊት ኢትዮጵያ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ብስንኪ ዝፍጽሞ ዝነበረ ግፍዕታት፡ ካብ ዓዲታቶም ንዝተመዛበሉን ዝተሰደዱን ኤርትራውያን ኣብ ትሕቲ ምምሕዳር ተጋድሎ ሓርነት ኤርትራ ኣብ ሓራ መሬት ብምዕቋብ ስቕያቶም ኣብ ምቅላል ስዉእ ዶር. ሃብተን መሳርሕቱን ኣገዳሲ ተራ ነይርዎም። ኣብ ርእሲ’ዚ ኣብ ትካል ሕቡራት ሃገራት ዮነስኮ ዓቢ ጻዕሪ ብምክያድ፡ ኣብ ከሰላ ንስደተኛታት ዝኸውን 2 ደረጃ ቤት ትምህርቲ ኣብ ምኽፋት ወሳኒ ተራ ከም ዝነበሮም ኩሉ ዝፈልጦ ሓቂ ኢዩ።

ስዉእ ዶር. ሃብተ ተስፋማርያም፣ ኣብ ጉዕዞ ተጋድሎኡ ኣብ ሓያሎይ ሓላፍነታት ተመዲቡ ዓቢ ሃገራዊ ኣስተዋጽኦ ዘበርከተ ተቓላሳይ ኢዩ። ኣብ መወዳእታ፡ ኣባል ሃገራዊ ባይቶ ንዲሞክራስያዊ ለውጥን፣ ካብ 2014 ኣትሒዙ ድማ፣ ኣቦ መንበር ፈጻሚ ኣካል ግንባር ሃገራዊ ድሕነት ኤርትራን ኮይኑ ክሳብ ዕለተ መስዋእቱ ገድላዊ ዕማማቱ ብተፋይነት ዝፈጸመ ሓርበኛ ኢዩ።

ስዉእ ዶር. ሃብተ በዓል ሓዳር ኮይኑ ካብ ወይዘሮ ኣድያም ተኽሊት ሓንቲ ጓል (ዶክቶር ሚሌን)ን፡ ክልተ ኣዋዳትን ሰነድን ስሄልን ወለደ።

ሙሉእ ዕድመኡ ዝኸፈለሉ ሃገራዊ ዕላማታት ክሳብ ዝረጋገጽ፡ ኣሰሩን ኣሰር ኩሎም ጀጋኑ ስዉኣትናን ብምሓዝ ጎዕዞ ተጋድሎና ንቕድሚት ክሳብ ዓወት ኪንምርሽ ምኹንና ቃልና ነሕድስ።

ዝኽርን ዘልኣለማዊ ክብርን ንጀጋኑ ስዉኣትና !!

ፈጻሚ ኣካል ግንባር ሃገራዊ ድሕነት ኤርትራ።


Sunday, 22 January 2017 13:49

Gambia’s Jammeh leaves power after 22 years

Written by

Jan 22, 2017

Former President Yaya Jammeh the Gambia’s leader for 22 years, looks through the window from the plane as he leaves the country on 21 January 2017 in Banjul airport © AFP / STRINGER

Banjul, Gambia, Jan 22 – Gambian leader Yahya Jammeh flew out Saturday from the country he ruled for 22 years to cede power to President Adama Barrow and end a political crisis.

Jammeh refused to step down after a December 1 election in which Barrow was declared the winner, triggering weeks of uncertainty that almost ended in a military intervention involving five other west African nations.

The longtime leader boarded a small, unmarked plane at Banjul airport accompanied by Guinea’s President Alpha Conde after two days of talks aimed at hammering out a deal for his departure.

He landed in Conakry, Guinea’s capital, around an hour later, an AFP journalist at the scene said, with his final destination unknown.

Former president Yaya Jammeh (C), the Gambia’s leader for 22 years, waves from the plane as he leaves the country on 21 January 2017 in Banjul © AFP / STRINGER

“I call on President Barrow to come in immediately and take over the supreme responsibility of President, Head of State, Commander in Chief and first citizen of our republic,” Jammeh said according to remarks read out on state television before he left the country.

It would be improper not to “sincerely wish him and his administration all the best,” he added.

Jammeh took power in a 1994 coup from the country’s only other president since independence from Britain, Dawda Jawara, making this The Gambia’s first democratic transition of power.

The Gambian political crisis © AFP/File / Aude GENET

Waving to a small gathering of supporters on the tarmac dressed in his habitual white flowing robes, Jammeh, a devout Muslim, kissed a Koran before boarding.

Conde and Mauritania’s Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz had urged Jammeh to peacefully give up his office to Barrow, who is waiting in neighbouring Senegal for the strongman to leave.

He finally said he would step aside in the early hours of Saturday morning. Barrow is expected back in The Gambia imminently.

– The Guinea question –

Earlier Guinean state minister Kiridi Bangoura had said Jammeh preferred “to come to Guinea, to stay in Conakry, before he decides, along with the Guinean authorities, where to move for good.”

People celebrate in the streets after hearing of the confirmed departure of former Gambian leader Yahya Jammeh in Banjul on January 21, 2017 © AFP / CARL DE SOUZA

The agreement that finally saw the strongman give in to pressure to step down “foresees the departure of Yahya Jammeh from The Gambia for an African country with guarantees for himself, his family and his relatives,” Mauritania’s Aziz said.

Diplomats said late Saturday that Equatorial Guinea was emerging as the most likely option for his exile.

This would address concerns that Jammeh might interfere in his nation’s politics if he stayed in Guinea, whose border is not far from The Gambia’s eastern region.

Scenes of jubilation broke out almost immediately on streets near Banjul, the port capital, after the news filtered out that Jammeh had gone.

“We are free now. We are no longer in prison. We do not have to watch our back before we express our opinions,” said Fatou Cham, 28, who was celebrating with her friends.

Gambia’s Yahya Jammeh was the country’s leader for 22 years © AFP/File / ISSOUF SANOGO

Activists will be keen to see Jammeh — who controlled certain sections of the security forces — refused amnesty for crimes committed during his tenure, which was marked by systematic rights abuses.

Jim Wormington, West Africa researcher at Human Rights Watch, called Jammeh’s departure “the chance to usher in an era based on respect for the rule of law and human rights.”

– Weeping supporters –

Jammeh attempted to build a personality cult over and has left behind a small minority of diehard supporters, some of whom wept as his plane departed.

This photo taken on December 1, 2016 in Banjul shows incumbent Gambian president Yahya Jammeh (C) gesturing before casting his marble in a polling station in a presidential poll © AFP/File / MARCO LONGARI

“We wanted to be behind this man for a century or more,” said Alagie Samu, speaking on the tarmac. “He is the most successful, visionary leader in the entire world.”

Dressed in green, the colour of his political party, some were loyal to the end.

“No human being is perfect, but for 22 years in the country here he has tried hard for Gambians,” said a woman with cheeks wet from tears, who did not wish to be named.

People celebrate the inauguration of new Gambia’s President Adama Barrow at Westfield neighbourhood on January 19, 2017 in Banjul © AFP/File / STRINGER

The Gambia is one of the world’s poorest nations and although education and health standards have lifted in recent years, poverty remains endemic.

With Jammeh gone, all eyes will be on the Barrow administration as they make their first steps as a government of reform and development.

“The will of the people has come to be at last,” said Isatou Touray, a key official in the government-in-waiting. “Democracy is back, you can’t stop the people.”

A handout photo released by the Senegalese Presidency shows Adama Barrow speaking during his swearing in as president of Gambia at the Gambian embassy in Dakar on January 19, 2017 © SENEGALESE PRESIDENCY/AFP/File / Handout

Army chief Ousman Badjie, a former Jammeh loyalist, has pledged allegiance to Barrow along with top defence, civil service and and security chiefs.

The first priority will be to help the tens of thousands who have fled in recent weeks fearing a bloody end to the crisis to return safely, Touray said earlier Saturday.


ርእሰ-ዓንቀጽ ሰዲህኤ

ኣብዚ ቀረባ መዓልታት ኣብ ዓለምና ካብ ዝተራእዩ ዓበይቲ ፍጻመታት ሓደ ኣብ ሕቡራት መንግስታት ኣሜሪካ ዝተኻየደ ሰላማዊ ናይ ስልጣን ምስግጋር እዩ። ኣብዚ ምስግጋር ንምብጻሕ ነዊሕ ግዜ ዝወሰደን ብሓያል ምፍሕፋሕ ዝተሰነየን መስርሕ ምርጫ እዩ ተኻይዱ። መስርሕ እቲ ምርጫ ኣብ ተመኩሮ ኣሜሪካ ልሙድ ዘይነበረ ክሳብ ናብ ውልቃዊ ህይወት ሰባት ዝወርድ ሰፊሕ ናይ “ነዓይ ምረጹ” ወፈራ ስለ ዝነበሮ “ውጽኢቱ እንታይ ክኸውን እዩ?” ዝብል ርሱን ትጽቢት ኣሕዲሩ ነይሩ። ካልእ ፍሉይ ዝገበሮ ከኣ ውጽኢቱ ኣንጻር ግምት ብዙሓት ምንባሩ እዩ።

ድሕሪ ውጽኢት ምርጫ እውን እቶም ኣብ መንግስታዊ ምምሕዳር ኮነ ውትህድርና ተመኩሮ ዘየብሎም ኣብ ታሪኽ መራሕቲ ኣሜሪካ ብዕድሚኦም ዝደፍኡ፡ ሃብታም ነጋዳይ ዶናልድ ጆን ትራምፕ ምስ ተመረጹ እሞ ጌና ስልጣን ከይተረከቡ፡ ኣብ ብዙሕ ጉዳያት ኣንጻርቲ ሃገሮም ክትምረሓሉ ዝጸንሐት ፖሊሲታት ክኸዱ ምዃኖም መደረታት የስምዑ ስለ ዝነበሩን ዓወቶም ኣብቲ ምርጫ ናይ ግዳም ኢድ ከም ዝተሓወሶ ይዝረብ ስለ ዝነበረን “እቲ ናይ ስልጣን ምርኽኻብከ ከመይኮን ይኸውን?” ዝብል ሕቶ ከኸትል ጸኒሑ እዩ። እንተኾነ እቲ መስርሕ ከምቲ ልሙድ ብሰላማውን ቅዋማውን ኣገባብ ተኻይዱ። መጻኢ ውጽኢቱ ከመይ ከም ዝኸውን ኣብ መጻኢ ዝረአ ኮይኑ፡ ኣሜሪካውያን ነቲ ምስግጋር ንደረጃኦም ብዝምጥን ድሞክራሲያዊ ኣገባብ ተግቢረምዎ ኣለዉ። እዚ ኣሜሪካዊ ዛዕባዚ ዝያዳ ሰሓቢ ኮይኑ ዝጸነሐ ኣብቲ መስርሕ ብዝነበሮ ውረድ ደይብ ጥራይ ዘይኮነ፡ ኣሜሪካ ኣብ ዓለምና ኣብ መዳያት ቁጠባ ኮነ ፖለቲካን ዲፕሎማስን ብዘለዋ ጽልዋ ኣብኣ ዝፍጠር ምዕባለ ኣብ ልዕሊ ካለኦት ኣውንታዊ ይኹን ኣሉታዊ ጽልዋን ተጽዕኖን ስለ ዘሕድር እዩ።

ኣብዚ እዋንዚ ዳርጋ ኣብ ኩሉ ኩርነዓት ዓለም እንዳተባረዐ፡ ናይ ብዙሓት ኢድ ኣእታውነት እንዳተወሰኾ፡ መተካእታ ዘየብሉ ህይወትን ንብረት ዘብርስ ዘሎ ናብ ውግኣት ዝማዕበለ ጐንጽታት መንቀሊኡ ምስ ምቅብባል ስልጣንን ሓዚልዎ ዝመጽእ ቁጠባዊ ረብሓን ዝተተሓሓዘ እዩ። ገለገሊኡ ብደጊኡ ክረአ እንከሎ ፖለቲካዊ ልዕልና ጥራይ ዝደረኾ ይመስል። እንተኾነ ቁጠባ ዘይደረበ ፖለቲካ ከኣ የለን። ዝተፈላለዩ ወገናት ምስ ስልጣን ዝርከብ ረብሓ ይምቅሮም እሞ ካብኡ ንዘይምልቃቕ ህዝብን ሃገርን ኣብ ግምት ዘየእቱ ምስምሳት ይፈጥሩ። ካብቲ ምስምሳት ኣብ ሓደ ኣጋጣሚ ፈትዮም ንዘጽደቕዎ ቅዋም ይጠልምዎ ወይ ከጽግንዎ ይፍትኑ። ምናልባት እውን ነዚ ረብሓዚ ክብሉ ከሎ ጌና ንቅዋም ከም ቁርን ኣስሓይታን ፈሪሖም ብዘይብኣኡ መቆጻጸሪ ዘየብሉ ቀይዲ በተኽ ጉዕዞ ይጅምሩ። እዚ ኩሉ ተደማሚሩ ንዘይቅርዑይ ኣተሓሕዛን ኣሰጋግራን ስልጣን ዘንጸባርቅ እዩ።

እዚ ኣቐዲምና ዘልዓልናዮ ናይ ኣሜሪካ ኣጋጣሚ ኣሜሪካውያን ኪኖ እቲ ተመሪጹ ስልጣን ዝሕዝ ሰልፊ ኮነ ውልቀሰብ ሃገሮምን ህዝቦምን ከም ዘገድሶም ዝተረጋገጸሉ እዩ። ኣሜሪካውያን ነዚ ዝበቕዑ ፍልልያት ስለ ዘየብሎም ዘይኮነስ ነቲ ፍልልያቶም ብስልጡን ኣገባብ ስለ ዘመሓድርዎ እዩ። ካብዚ ሓሊፉ ምስ ኩሉ ትዕዝብቶምን ዘይዕግበቶምን ንቅዋሞም ዘለዎም ዘይዕጸፍ ምእዙዝነት ዘረጋገጸሉ እዩ። ናይቶም ኣብ ዝተፈላለዩ ዛዕባታት ኣንጻር ዶናልድ ጆን ትራምፕ ክነሓንሑ ዝጸንሑ ኣካላት፡ እተን  ክዕወታ ዓብይ ግምት ተነቢሩለን ዝነበራ ግና ዝተሳዕራ ሴነተር ሂላሪ ክሊንተን ከይተረፋ ኣብቲ ሰላማዊ ናይ ስልጣን ምስግጋር ስነ-ስርዓት ምስታፎም ከኣ ልዕልናን ዘይዕጸፍ ምጽውዋርን ኣሜሪካውያን ዘመልክት እዩ ተተባህለ ምግናን ኣይኮነን። ካብዚ ሓሊፉ ብመሰረት’ቲ “ናይ ብዙሓት ይትግበር ናይ ውሑዳት ከኣ ይስማዕ” ዝብል ደሞክራሲያዊ መትከል፡ ኣብ ኣተሓሕዛ ትራምፕ ትዕዝብትን ዘይዕግበትን ዘለዎም ኣሜሪካውያን ብመሰሎም ተጠቒሞም ብመልክዕ ሰላማዊ ሰልፊ ምቅዋሞም ካልእ መርኣያ ደሞክራሲ እዩ። እዚ ኩነታት ምስቲ ኣብ ጋምቢያ ዘጋጠመ ዘይደሞክራስያውን ዘይቅዋማውን ኩርካሕ ምስግጋር ስልጣን ብሓባር ምምጽኡ ብሓፈሻ ንኣፍሪቃውያን ኣብ ትዕዝብቲ ዘውድቕ እዩ። ንሕና ኤርትራውያን ከኣ ካብዚ ትዕዝብቲ እጃምና ዓብዪ እዩ።

እዚ ንሕና ኤርትራውያን ኮነ ካለኦት ብሓፈሻ ናይ ደሞክራሲ ብፍላይ ከኣ ናይ ሰላማውን ቅዋማውን ናይ ስልጣን ምስግጋር ተጠቀምቲ ዘይኮና ኣካላት ክንመሃረሉን ክንርዕሞን ዝግበኣና እዩ። ነዚ ክንበቅዕ ድማ ከምቲ ወርትግ እነኮማስዖ ብክለሰ-ሓሳብ ዘይኮነ ብተግባር፡ ጹረት፡ ምክእኣልን ክትሰምዕ ቅሩብ ምዃን፡ ምኽባር መሰረታዊ ደሞክራሲያዊ ኣዕኑድን ትሕቲ ሕጊ ምዃንካ ምእማንን ሰኒቕና ካብ ናይ “ግድን ኣነ ዝደልዮን ዝበልኩዎን ተዘይኮነ ባዕሉ ይፈልጥ” ዝብል ትምክሕቲ ክንወጽእ ዘይዝለል ቅድመ ኩነት እዩ። ኣብ ዝኾነ መስርሕ ጉዳያት ከምቲ ዝኾንዎ እምበር ምሉእብምሉእ ከምቲ ንጽበዮም ከም ዘይኮኑልና ብልቢ ምእማን ኣብ መንገዲ ዕዉት ቃልሲ መባእታዊ ጉዳይ እዩ። እዚ ከኣ ከምቲ “ኣነ ዝህሉ ንሕና ምስ እንህሉ’ዩ” ዝበሃል በበይንኻ ዘይኮነስ ብሓባር ዝዕመም እዩ።

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