ርእሰ-ዓንቀጽ ሰዲህኤ

እነሆ መበል 29 ዝኽሪ ናጽነት ኤርትራ ናብ እንዝክርላ ዕለት፡   24 ጉንበት 2020  በጺሕና። ነዛ ዕለት'ዚኣ ክንዝክር እንከለና፡  መጀመርያ ዝዝከሩ እቶም ክቡር ሂወቶም ከፊሎም ሃገራዊ ናጽነት ዘውሓሱ ጀጋኑና እዮም። ንዓኣቶም ክንዝክር እንከለና ብጅግንነቶም ንሕበንን ነመስግኖምን። በቲ ካልእ ሸነኽ ግና፡ እቲ ንሳቶም ዝተሰውእሉ ዕላማ ተጨውዩ፡ ኣብ ጠቕሚ ዉሑዳት ክውዕል ክንርኢ እንከለና ንሓዝን። ነዚ ዝሓለፈ ናይ 29 ዓመታት ኩነታት ኤርትራን ህዝባን ክንመዝኖ እንከለና ከኣ “እምበርዶኸ እቲ ናብ ናጽነት ንምብጻሕ ዝተኻየደ መሪር ቃልስን ዝተኸፍለ ረዚን ዋጋን ንረብሓን ራህዋን ህዝቢ ኤርትራ እዩ ነይሩ?” ዘየብል ኣይኮነን። ምኽንያቱ መሰረታዊ ህይወት ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ኣብዘን ናይ ናጽነት ዓመታት ምስቲ ኣብ ትሕቲ መግዛእቲ ዘሕልፎ ዝነበረ ሕሰም ክነጻጸር እንከሎ ዘይሓይሽ፡ ወረ ኣብ ገሊኡስ  ዝሓሰመ ግዜ እዩ ነይሩን ዘሎን ዘብል እዩ።

ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ኣብ ትሕቲ መሪር ኩነታት ዝነብር ዘሎ፡ ከምቲ ገለ ካብ ቀደም ናጽነትና ዘይተዋሕጠሎም ዝሓስብዎ "ኤርትራ ነብሳ ኣይትኽእልን እያ" ዝብል ዘይኮነ፡ ነቲ ብክቡር ዋጋ ዝተረኽበ ናጽነት፡ ሞሳ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ብግቡእ ዘንጸባርቕ ሓላፍነታዊ መሪሕ ኣካል ዘይምርካቡ እዩ። ናጽነት ባዕሉ ግና፡ ጠንቂ ሕሰምና ኣይኮነን። ከምኡ ስለ ዘይኮነ ኢና ድማ፡ ብናጽነትና እንሕበንን ብማንም ከይድፈር ከም ብሌን ዓይንና እንከላኸለሉን። እምበኣር፡ ሎሚ’ውን “ዋጋ ዝተኸፍሎ ናጽነትና ወትሩ ህያው’ዩ” ኣሞ፡  ኣብ ዓድን  ወጻእን ንዘሎ መላእ ህዝብና “ዮሃና እንኳዕ ኣብጸሓካ ኣብጸሓና” እንብሎ።

ናይ ሎሚ ዘመን መዓልቲ ናጽነት ኤርትራ፡ ከምተን ናይ ቅድሚ ሕጂ በዓላት ናታ መለለይ፡ ስግኣታትን ተስፋታትን ኣለዋ። ልዕሊ ኩሉ እቲ ንመላእ ዓለም ኣጨኒቑ ዘሎ ተላጋቢ ሕማም ኮሮና ቫይረስ፡ ጌና ናይ ስግኣት ደበናኡ ኣንጠልጢሉ ኣብ ዘለወሉ ኣስጋኢ ህሞት ኢና ንዝክራ ዘለና። ስግኣት ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ግና እዚ ጥራይ ኣይኮነን። እቲ ህዝብና ንናጽነቱ ንዝኸፈሎ ክቡር ዋጋ ጠሊሙ፡ ብኢደወነኑ ንዝሓለፈ 29 ዓመታ ኣብ ስልጣን ተኾዲጩ ዘሎ በላዒ ሰብ ጉጅለ ክወርዶ ዝጸንሐ ውርደትን ዓመጽን መመሊሱ ዝውስኽ እምበር ናይ ምንካይ ምልክት ኣብ ዘየርኣየሉ ኩነታት ኢና  ቅነ ዝኽሪ መዓልቲ ናጽነትና ንርከብ ዘለና።

ብኣንጻሩ ኤርትራውያን ናይ ለውጢ ሓይልታት ብዝተፈላለዩ ኣገባባትን ኣብ ዝተፈላለዩ ኩርንዓትን ዲክታትርነትን ምልክን ኣወጊድካ ብዲሞክራስያዊ ስርዓት ተኪእካ፡ ኤርትራን ህዝባን እቲ ተሓሪምዎም ዘሎ፡ ሰላም፡ ልምዓት፡ ዲሞክራስን ምኽባር ኩሉ መሰላትን ናጽነታትን ንክውንኑ ዘካይድዎ ቃልሲ ኣብ ዘበረኽሉ ደረጃ ምብጻሕና ተስፋ ኣብ ዝህብ ኩነታት ምህላውና ዘመልክት እዩ። በብዘለኻዮ ምልዕዓል ጥራይ ዘይኮነ፡ እቲ “ኣብ ክንዲ በበይንኻ ብሓባር፡ ኣንጻር ህግዲፍ ምቅላስ” ዝብል ኒሕ እውን ብኹሉ ወገናት ቆላሕታ ረኺቡ ኣብ ደሓን ደረጃ ምድያቡ ካልእ ኣብዚ እዋንዚ ዘሎ ትስፉው ምዕባለ እዩ። ስለዚ ንናይ ሎሚ ዘበን መዓልቲ ናጽነት ብስግኣታትን ተስፋታትን ኢና ንዝክራ ዘለና።

ናጽነት ኤርትራ ንኹሉ ኤርትራዊ ብማዕረ ዝብጸሖ ክብሪ ጥራይ ዘይኮነ፡ ኩሉ ኤርትራዊ ዋጋ ዝኸፈለሉ እዩ። እቲ ሓቂ፡ እቲ ውሑዳት መራሕቲ ጉጅለ ኢሳያስ ብሒትካ ንምግዛእ ንክጥዕሞምን ንመገዛእታዊ ኣታሓሳስባኦም ምኽኑይ ንምምሳልን፡ ናጽነት ኤርትራ ብናይ ውሱናት ወገናት ከም ዝመጸ ኣምሲሎም ከቕርብዎ ዝፍትኑ ዘይኮነ፡ ከምቲ ኣብ መቕድም ፖለቲካዊ መደብ ዕዮ ሰልፊ ዲሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ (ሰዲህኤ) “ብተጋድሎ ሓርነት ኤርትራ (ተሓኤ) ብ1961 ኣንጻር መግዛእታዊ ሓይሊ ኢትዮጵያ፡  ዝተባርዐ ነዊሕ ሓርበኛዊ ዕጥቃዊ ቃልሲ፡ ድሕሪ ሰላሳ ዓመታት ብ24 ግንቦት 1991 ብወሳኒ ተራ ህዝባዊ ግንባር ሓርነት ኤርትራ (ህግሓኤ) ሃገራዊ ናጽነት ጋህዲ ኰነ።” ብዝብል ኣስፊርዎ ዘሎ፡ ኩሉ ኤርትራዊ ብዓድን ብበረኻን መምስቲ ዝመረጾ ውድብ ተሰሊፉ ከከም ክእለቱ  ናይ ዘበርከቶ ውጽኢት እዩ።

ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ን30 ዓመታት ኣብ ዝተኻየደ ከምዚ ኢልካ ክትጽብጽቦ ዘጸግም ናይ ህይወትን ንብረትን ዕንወትን ምዝንባልን ዘኸተለ ዝተናውሐ ቃልሲ፡ ክቡር ዋጋ ክኸፍል እንከሎ፡ ደሓር እውን ኣብ ወርሒ ማዝያ፡ 1993 ኣብ ዘካየዶ ውሳነህዝቢ (ረፈረንደም)፡ ብኣዝዩ ልዑል ድምጺ “እወ ንናጽነት” ዝበለ፡ ኣብታ ዘውሓሳ ናጻን ልኡላዊትን ሃገሩ ትጽቢት ነይርዎ እዩ። ትጽቢቱ ድሕሪ ናጽነት ሰፊሕ ዝርዝር ዝነበሮ ኮይኑ፡ ክጠቓለል እንከሎ “ ሕረስ ሓረስታይ ንገድ ነጋዳይ” ዝብል ሓሳብ ዝተረጋገጸሉ፡ ሰላምን ዕቤትን ዝሓቑፍ ዘተኣማምን ሃዋህው ንፍምጣር እዩ ነይሩ። እንተኾነ  ከምቲ ዝተጸበዮ፡ ራህዋን ሰላምን ዘዑቁብ፡ ምዕሩይ ቁጠባዊ ተጠቃምነት ዘውሕስ መንግስቲ ስለ ዘይተዓደለ፡ ነዚ ንዕዘቦ ዘለና፡ ኣብዚ መዋእልዚ “ኣብ እገለ ሃገር ተራእዩ” ንዘይበሃል ኣበሳ  ተቓሊዑ ኣሎ። እቲ ቀጻሊ ነካይዶ ዘለና ቃልሲ ከኣ፡ ነዚ ኣብዚ ጻማኡ ዝተነፍገ ህዝብና ዝወርድ ዘሎ በደል ንምዕጻፍ እዩ።

ኣብዚ እዋን'ዚ እዚ ሃገርናን ህዝባን ንሓልፎ ዘለና ጸገም፡ ብግቡእ ብሰንኪ ዘይምርዳእ፡ ወይ ቃልሲ ነዊሑካ ብምርብራብ፡ ጠንቁ ናጻ ሃገር ብምዃና ከም ዝመጸ ኣሉታዊ ሳዕቤን ኣምሲልካ ብምቕራብ፡ ንክብሪ ናጽነትን ነቲ ኣብኡ ንምብጻሕ ዝተኸፍለ ዋጋን ዝተኸደ መስርሕን ብምርኻስ፡ ናብቲ ፈቲንናዮስ ዘየርበሓናን ዘየዋጽኣናን ምዃኑ ተረዲእና፡ ኣንጻሩ ተቓሊስና ዝሰዓርናዮ መግዛእቲ ክመልሱና ዝደናደኑ ዝንባለታት ይቀላቐሉ ኣለዉ። ሕሉፍ ሓሊፎም ናብ ናይ ዘበን እኒ-እኒ ነበረ'ያ ነበረ ታሪኽ ተመሊሶም፡ ብዘብለጭልጭ ኣስማት ኤርትራዊ ሓድነትና ኣፍሪሶም፡ ንገሌና ብሄር ንደቡብ ንገሌና ቋንቋ ከኣ ንምዕራብ ክበታትኑና ይቕረ ዘይበሃሎ ትንዕምንዕ ዝብሉ ኣለዉ። ናይዚ ዝሓለፈ ክልተ ዓመታት ናይ ዲክታተር ኢሳያስ ጸፋዕፋዕን ምዕልባጥን እውን ነዚ ዘራጉድ እዩ። እዚ ንድሕሪት ዝጥምት ዝንባለ ካብቲ ኣንጻር ኢሳያስን ጉጅለኡን እነካይዶ ዘለና ቃልሲ ብዘይንእስ ክንምክቶ ዝግብኣና እዩ።

ዝኽሪ መዓልቲ ናጽነት ኤርትራ ንድሕሪት እንዳጠመትና፡  ናይ ግዜ ቃልሲ ምእንቲ ናጽነት፡ ጅግንነትን ተሳትፎን፡ ናይ ናጽነት ክብርን  ክብደትን፡ ብጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝብና ክወርድ ዝጸንሐ በደላት እንዝርዝረሉ ጥራይ ዘይኮነ፡ ንመጻኢ እንዳማዕደና “ኣብ መጻኢኸ እንታይ ንግበር?” ንዝብል ቀንዲ ቆላሕታ እንህበሉን ቃል እንኣትወሉን እዩ ክኸውን ዝግበኦ። ነቲ ሒዝናዮ ዝጸናሕና ቃልሲ ምሕያልን ምጽናዕን እንተዘይኮይኑ ሓድሽ ንጅምሮ ቃልሲ የብልናን። ናይ ቀረባን ቀዳማይን ዕማምና ንጉጅለ ህግዲፍን ናይ ጭቆና ትካላቱን ምውጋድ እዩ። እቲ ድሒሩ ዝመጽእ ከኣ ልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ዓቂብካ፡ ኣብ መቓብር'ቲ ዝተወገደ ጉጅለ፡ ሕገ-መንግስታዊ፡ ህዝባዊ፡ ዲሞክራስያውን ብዙሕነታውን ስርዓት ምትካል እዩ። ነዚ ኣብ ምዕዋት እቲ ቀንዲ እጃም ኣብ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዘሎ ሓላፍነት ኮይኑ፡ ብደረጃ ፖለቲካዊ ሰልፍታትን ውድባትን፡ ሲቪላዊ ማሕበራት፡ ካለኦት ውዳበታትን ህዝባዊ ምልዕዓላትን ኣብ መስርዕ ናይ ለውጢ ቃልሲ ዘለና ኣካላት፡ ባህርን ተልእኮን ውዳበታትና ብዘፍቅደልና ብሓባር ክንሰርሕ ዘለና ድልዉነት ኣብዚ ታሪኻዊ ኣጋጣሚ ከነሕድሶ ይግበኣና። ሰልፊ ዲሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ (ሰዲህኤ) ከኣ ከም ወትሩ፡ መጻኢና ትስፉው ክኸውን እናተመነየ፡ ነቲ ኣብ ምውጋድ ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ቀንዲ መሳሪሕና ዝኾነ ሓድነት ሓይልታት ለውጢ፡ ንድሕሪት ብዘይምለስ ኣብ ምዕዋት ቃልሱ ኣሕይሉ ክቕጽሎ ምዃኑ ኣብዚ ታሪኻዊ ኣጋጣሚ ቃሉ የሕድስ።

24 ጉንበት መዓልቲ ናጽነት ኤርትራ ንዘለኣለም ትንበር!

ዘለኣለዊ ክብርን መጎስን ንሰማእታት ኤርትራ!

Thursday, 21 May 2020 22:57

Radio Dimtsi Harnnet Kassel 21.05.2020

Written by

May 21, 2020 Eritrea Focus, News

Screenshot 2020-05-13 at 16.15.38
20 May 2020

Eritrea Focus’s Response to Fetsum Abraham’s article “The renaissance of Eritrean Intellectualism in relation to Eritrea Focus”

On 17 May 2020, Fetsum posted an article on Assenna website with the above title which can be found by clicking here: https://assenna.com/fetsum-the-renaissance-of-eritrean-intellectualism-in-relation-to-eritrea-focus/
Fetsum’s article and carried by Assenna is very constructive and much appreciated. And it raises a number of important issues.

Clearly, a united response to the dictatorship in Asmara is long overdue. Planning for the day after is of the utmost importance if we are to build the new Eritrea which we all long for, that is at peace with itself and its neighbours. Eritrea Focus, bringing together as it does human rights groups and activists (Eritrean and non-Eritrean) is doing what it can to help in this process. To this end, we commissioned papers at the end of our April 2019 conference from scholars on a range of issues that can assist in this endeavour. They are designed to allow a smooth transition from dictatorship to the rule of law, so that the Eritrean people can at long last enjoy the fruits won for us by our martyrs.

It is not going to be easy achieving these objectives and an independent and democratic government of Eritrea will face enormous challenges.

Colonisation, our own internal civil war and the intolerable repression of our own government since 1991, has had a terrible impact on Eritrean society. Our people paid a huge price during years of conflict; bravely fighting for our independence and then in the brutal border war with Ethiopia. On top of this there has been the exodus of hundreds of thousands, fleeing the atrocious human rights that prevail in our country. Every Eritrean knows this; fewer have acknowledged the physical and psychological toll it has taken on us all. At the same time, Eritrea is situated in an unstable, sometimes hostile and unforgiving region. Asserting our nation’s interests has never been easy.

Papers dealing with these issues will be put before a conference from 29 June to 3 July this year. The conference will, unfortunately, have to be a virtual meeting, given the prevalence of Covid-19. It will also be narrowly based: an attempt to get these issues debated by small groups to try to thrash out the problems. Once the papers have been finalised, they will be made public and can be openly debated. We plan to hold a third conference at which they will be formally presented to a wider audience, hopefully in late 2020.

This represents the intellectual effort that Eritrea Focus is concentrating on. In addition, we are working with politicians in Britain and further afield to try to maintain the pressure for reform and democracy in our country. We have initiated a case against the UK Government for funding aid through the European Union that uses National Service conscripts in a form of slave labour. To highlight the issues of forced labour and human rights abuses we work with the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Eritrea, for which we provide Secretariat support. We also work closely with a number of NGOs in Europe and North America to challenge forced labour in the extractive sector and in collaboration with them, produced the first report of its kind in 2018.  We have kept up contacts with the Tigrayan authorities to try to reduce the pressure on Eritrean refugees in northern Ethiopia. Other initiatives are under way, with our international allies.

It is – however – beyond the scope of Eritrea Focus’s remit to initiate an alternative Eritrean government. In saying this we are not suggesting that an alternative administration should not be established to step in once the current dictatorship falls. Quite the opposite. We are happy to encourage and assist such developments. But Eritrea Focus is an organisation that includes non-Eritrean supporters. The future government of Eritrea is something that only Eritreans can decide upon. Members of Eritrea Focus are welcome to participate in this important work as individuals, but as an organisation we must necessarily stand aside.

We trust that Eritreans, and supporters of Eritrean freedom, will appreciate and accept our position.

ኢርትራ ከም ኩለን ብኤውሮጳዊ መግዛእቲ ዝሓለፋ ሃገራት ኣፍሪቃ፡ ድሕሪ ምዝዛም ካለኣይ ውግእ ዓለም እዚ ሎሚ ሒዛቶ ዘላ ቅርጽን ስፍሓትን ዝወነነት ልዕሊ ሓደ ሺሕ ኪሎሜትር ገማግም ባሕሪ ዝተዓጥቀትን ብክልተ ወደባትን ብልዕሊ 300 ደሴታትን ዝመልከዐትን ሃገር እያ። እንተኾነ ብሰንኪቲ ክሳዳዊ ተበሃግነታ ብናይ ርሑቕን ቀረባን ተንኮላትን ውዲታትን ከምተን ካለኦት ኣብ ትሕቲ መግዛእቲ ዝጸንሓ ሃገራት ኣፍሪቃ፡ ብቐጥታ ከም ሃገር ክትቀውም ዕድል ኣይረኸበትን። ከምኡ ስለ ዝኾነ ከኣ ን30 ዓመታት ዝቐጸለ መሪር ቀጻሊ ቃልሲ ተኸፊልዋ ብ1991 ናጻ ወጺኣ። ብ1993 ድማ ብመንገዲ ናይ ህዝባ ረፈረንደም፡ ካብቲ ዘድመጸ 1,100,260 እቲ 99.83% ብዝሃቦ ድምጺ “እወ ንናጽነት” ልኡላውነታ ኣውሒሳ ኣባል ሕቡራት ሃገራት ኮይና ዝተመዝገበት ሓፊስ ደምን ረዚን  ኣዕጽምትን ደቃ ዝተኸፍላ፡ ደሓር ግና ብ”ደቅኺ ኢና” ዝብሉ ጐሓላሉ ዝተጠልመት እያ።

ንሕና ኤርትራውያን፡ ብዛዕባና ተሓቲትና ክንምልስ እንከለና፡  ነቲ ብሓፈሻ ኣብ ዝሐለፈ ወለዶታት፡ ብፍላይ ከኣ ኣብ ቃልሲ ሃገር ንምውሓስ ኣዝዩ ዝደልደለ ጥራይ ርዒምና “ኤርትራዊ እየ” ኢልና ጠጠው ኣይንብልን። መንነትና ብብሩህን ብዝርዝርን ምእንቲ ክንገልጽ፡ ከከም ዕምቆት ናይቲ ዝቐርበና ሕቶ፡ ተወሳኺ ናይ መንነት መብርሂ ኣለና። በዚ መሰረት ነቲ ኤርትራውነት፡ ስምና፡ ሃይማኖትና፡ ቋንቋና፡ ባህልናን ብሄርናን ብምድራብ ኣድላይ ኣብ ዝኾነሉ እውን ዝተወለድናሉ ኤርትራዊ ኣከባቢ ወሲኽና ነቲ መልሲ ነራጉዶ። ብኸምዚ ከኣ ብዛዕባና ኣድቂቑ ክፈልጥ ንዝደሊ ኣካል ግቡእ ስእሊ ንክሕዝ ነኽእሎ።

ኤርትራውነትን እዞም ዝተዘርዘሩ ናይ መንነት ብዙሕነት መግለጽታትን፡ ሓደ ነቲ ሓደ ረጊጹ ክኸይድ ዝተሃላለኹን ዝወዳደሩን ዘይኮኑ፡ ተደጋገፍትን ተመላላእትን እዮም። ናይዞም ክልተ ተመላላእቲ፡ ኤርትራውነትን መንነትን ምምጥጣንን ምክብባርን ክጐድል እንከሎ፡ እቲ ውጽኢት ዘቕስን ኣይኮነን። ኤርትራውነት ዝያዳ ዓብሊሉ፡ ነዞም ናይ ብዙሕነት መንነት መግለጽታት እንተ ዓምጢርዎም፡ ብዙሕነታዊ መሰላት ተሃስዮም ጭቆና ይብርኽ። እዚ ምብኳር መሰላት ከኣ ኣብ ክንዲ ሰላምን ህድኣትን ጭቆናን ዘይምትእምማንን የስዕብ። ብኣንጻሩ እዞም ናይ መንነት መግለጺ መሰላት ካብ ኤርትራዊ ናይ ምክእኣል ኣምር ወጻኢ ከይዶም፡ ዝያዳ እንተዘይበረኽና፡ ክብሉ እንከለዉ ሃገርነት ኣብ ሓደጋ ይወድቕ እሞ ምብትታን የንጸላሉ። ናይዞም ክልተ መለለይታት ሃገርነትን መንነትን ምምጥጣን፡ ምክእኣልን ምስናይን፡ ከምቲ ወለድና “ማይን ከምዘይነጽፍ፡ ዓሳን ከምዘይመውት” ዝብልዎ፡ ድልዱል መሰረት ናይ ሓቢርካ ምንባርን ምምዕባይን ይኾኑ። ኮታ ኤርትራውነት ካብ መንነታት ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዝተፈልየ ህልውና የብሉን። እቲ መንነታት እውን ኣብ ክሊ ኤርትራውነት ጥራይ እዩ ውሕስነት ዝረክብ።

እዚ ቀሊል ዝመስል ኤርትራውነትን መንነትን ናይ ምስናይ ጉዳይ፡ ናይ ህዝቢ ስምዒት ናብኡ ክመጽእ ዝጽበ ወይ ዘገድድ ዘይኮነ፡ ንሱ ናብ ድሌትን ስምዒትን ናይቲ ህዝቢ ዝቐርብ ውፉይ ምምሕዳርን  መሪሕነትን ናይ ግድን ዝሓትት እዩ። ካብዚ ሓሊፉ ኣብ ጸቢብ ዘኹድድ ስሱዕን ዓምጣርን ዘይኮነ፡ ኣርሒቑ ዝርኢ ንቑሕ ህዝቢ እውን ኣብዚ መዳይ ብጽሒቱ ኣዝዩ ዓብይ እዩ። መለለይ መንነት ምስ ኤርትራውነት ጥራይ ዘይኮነ ኣብ ሕድሕድ እቶም መርኣያ ብዙሕነት ዝኾኑ ተጸላለውቲ ስምዒታት እውን ውሁድን ዝናበብን ዝምድና ክህልዎም ኣድላይ እዩ። ንሃይማኖት፡ ንቋንቋን ንባህልን በበይኖም ቆንጪልካ ብምሓዝ፡ ብዘይቶም ካለኦት ከተዕብዮም ምህቃን ኣጸጋሚ እዩ።

ኤርትራውነት፡ ነቲ ብግቡእ ክንሕዞ እንከለና መሰረት ሓይልናን መመልክዒናን እዩ እንብሎ ብዙሕነትና፡ ጨፋሊቕካ ሓደ ብምግባር ዝመጽእ ኣይኮነን። እዚ ዘየዕውት ምዃኑ ከኣ ካብ ተመኩሮ እቲ ዝዓበደን ዝብሎ እምበር ዝገብሮ ዘይፈልጥ ስርዓት ውልቀ-መላኺ ኢሳያስ ካብ ነዊሕ ግዜ ዝዋጠየሉ፡ እንተኾነ ዝኸሰረሉን ዝተቓለዓሉን ጓዕጻጺ ጭረሖ “ሓደ ህዝቢ ሓደ ልቢ” ምርዳእ ይከኣል። ስለዚ ከምቲ ውቁብ ሕብሪ ንምፍጣር ናይ በበይኑ ቀለማት ኣውሃሃዲ ወሓለ ዘድሊ፡ በበዓይነቱ  ሕብረ-ቀለማት ቀሚሩ ባህ ዘብል፡ ኤርትራዊ ብዙሕነትና፡ ሓላፍነት ብዝመለኦ ከነመሓድር ፖለቲካዊ ወሓላሉ ክንከውን ይግበኣና።

ኤርትራዊ ብዙሕነት፡ ኣብ ክሊ ኤርትራዊ ሃገርነት ተሓቒፉ ዝዓቢ እምበር፡ ነቲ ዘይስገር ቀይሕ መስመር ኤርትራዊ ክሊ፡ ብዘፍርስን ዝጥሕስን መልክዑ፡ ከም ናትካ ቋንቋ ዝዛረብ፡ ከም ናትካ ባህሊ ዘዘውትር፡ ከም ናትካ እምነት ዝኽተል ….. ወዘተ እንዳሸተትካ ዶብ ሃገር ሰጊርካ ዝዕንድር ኣይኮነን። ከምዚ ዓይነት ሃላሊ ስምዒት ዘይድገፈሉ ብሩህ ምኽንያት ንኤርትራዊ ሓድነትን ህልውናን ኣብ ሓደጋ ዘውድቕ ስለ ዝኾነን ነቲ ኣብ መንጎ ኤርትራውነትን ብዙሕነታዊ መግለጺ ህዝባን ዘሎ  ክሕለው ዝግበኦ ሚዛንን ምክእኣልን ስለ ዘመዛብል እዩ።

ኣብዚ እዋንዚ፡ ኑዊር ኣብ ኢትዮጵያን ደቡብ ሱዳንን፡ ዓፋር ኣብ ኤርትራ፡ ኢትዮጵያን ጅቡትን፡ ኩናማ ኣብ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን፡ በንዓምር ኣብ ኤርትራን ሱዳንን፡ ካክዋ ኣብ ኡጋንዳን ደቡብ ሱዳንን፡ መሳይ ኣብ ኬንያን ታንዛንያን፡ ሎው ኣብ ኬንያን ኡጋንዳን፡ ሃውሳ ኣብ ካሜሩን፡ ኒጀርን ናጀርያን ከም ዝነብሩ ረሲዖም፡ ትግርኛ ኣብ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ሃሃገሮም ዓቂቦም ብምህላዎም ከይደቀሱ ዝሓድሩ ሓድሓደ ኤርትራውያን ወገና ብዘይቅዱስ ሽርክነት ዶብ ኣፍሪስናን ኤርትራዊ ህልውና ኣጥፊእናን እንተዘይከድና ኢሎም ከውጠጥዩ ንዕዘብ ኣለና። ኣብ ክልቲኡ ሃገራት ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ዝነብሩ፡ ኣብቲ ብዶብ ዘይግደብ ዘመሳስሎም መዳያት ከምቲ ኣብ ዝኾነ ኣብ ዶባት ዝሰፍር ህዝቢ ዝረአ ክዛመዱን ክቀራርቡን ቅቡል እዩ። ኣብ ዶባቶም ይንገዱ፡ ይዋሰቡን ካልእ ማሕበራዊ መስተጋብር ይፈጽሙን ምባል ናይ ለባማትን በሃግቲ ስኒትን እዩ መበልናዮ። ካብኡ እንተሓሊፉ ግና እቲ ኣግእዛያንዶ እንታይዶ እንዳተባህለን ብናይ ግዳም ሓይልታት እንዳኮለሰን ዓሌትን ወለዶን እንዳጸብጸበን ናብ ምፍራስ ኤርትራዊ ሃገርነት ዝደናደንን፡ ነቲ ተሓቢኡ ጸኒሑ ቅድሚ ክልተ ዓመታት ዝተጋህደ “መዝሙር ንደመር” ዲክታተር ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቂ  መሊሱ ዘጋድድ  ስለ ዝኾነ፡ እግሪ ከይተኸለ ብዓንተቦ ዓገብ ክበሃል ዝግበኦ እዩ።

ናብ ፡ ክቡራት ልኡኻት 47 ኣባል ሃገራት

መበል 44 ኣኼባ ባይቶ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ዝሳተፋ 47 ኣባል ሃገራት፣

ፓላይስ ጀነቫ

 ናብ ክብርቲ ወ/ሮ ሚቸላ ባቸለት፤

ላዕለወይቲ ኮሚሽነር ሰብኣዊ መሰል ሕሃ፣

ፓላይስ ጀነቫ

 ርእሰ ጉዳይ፡ ምንዋሕ ግዜ ሓላፍነት ፍልይቲ ተኻታትሊት ሰብኣዊ መሰል ኣብ ኤርትራ፤

 15 ጉንበት 2020

ክቡራት ተሳተፍቲ መበል 44 ጉባአ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ሕ.ሃ.

ክብርቲ ላዕለወይቲ ኮሚሽነር ባቸለት

እዞም ኣብ ታሕቲ ከቲምና ዘለና፡ ተገዲድና ኣብ ወጻኢ እንዋሳእ ኤርትራውያን ፖለቲካዊ ተቓወምቲ፡ እዚ መልእኽቲ እዚ ብሓባር ከነቕርበልኩም እንከለና ሕጉሳት ኢና። ዕላማ መዘክርና ነቲ ኣብ ኤርትራ ዘሎ መወዳእታ ዘይብሉን ዘይቅየርን ሰብኣውን ፖለቲካውን ኩነታት ብዝምልከት፡ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህልዊ መንግስቲ፡ ናይዚ ባይቶ ኣባል ዝኾነት ሃገረ ኤርትራ፡ ግቡእ ስጉምቲ ንኽትወስዱ ንምዝኽኻርኩም እዩ።

መጀመርያ ንባይቶ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ሕቡራት ሃገራት፡ ኣብ ወርሒ ጉንበት 2012 ንመጀመርያ ግዜ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ኣብ ኤርትራ ዝከተተላ ኮሚሽነር ሕቡራት ሃገራት ምምዛዙ፡ ዕቱብ መግለጺ  ተገዳስነቱ ንጉዳይ ኤርትራ ብምዃኑ፡ ልዑል ኣኽብሮትና ንገልጽ።  እዚ በብዓመቱ ክሕደስ ዝጸንሐ ምምዛዝ ተኻታታሊ ኣካል፡ ነቲ ዓማጺ መንግስቲ ንምቁጽጻርን ግህሰት ኤርትራዊ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ንምክትታልን ዘኽእል ብምዃኑ፡ ባይቶ ሕ.ሃ. ንኤርትራውያን ግዳያት ዓመጽ ዘበርከቶ ኣገልግሎትን፡ ዝሃቦ ዕቱብ ቆላሕታን ዘመልክት እዩ።

ላዕለዎት ሰብ መዚ ኤርትራ፡ ባይቶ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ሕቡራት ሃገራት ዘሕለፎም ውሳነታትን መተሓሳሰብታትን ንከይትግበሩ፡ ንዝሓለፈ ሸሞንተ ዓመታት ክጻረሩ፣ ነተን ሰብኣዊ መሰል ክከታተላ ዝተመዘዛ ኮሚሽነር ድማ መእተዊ ክኸልእወን ከም ዝጸንሑ ርዱእ እዩ። ባይቶ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ክሳብ ሕጂ ንኩነታት ኤርትራ ብዝምልከት፡ በተን ባዕሉ ዝመዘዘን ላዕለወይቲ ኮሚሽነር፡ ቅድም ንሽዱሽተ ዓመታት ዝኣክል ብወ/ሮ ሸይላ ኪታሩዝ ቀጺሉ ከኣ ንክልተ ዓመታት ብወ/ሮ ዳኒየላ ክራቨትዝ ዝቐርበሉ ናይ ቃል መግለጽን ጸብጻባትን እዩ ሓበሬታ ክረክብ ጸኒሑ።

ክቡራትን ክቡራንን

ኤርትራ ህዝባ ብኣዝዩ ዝኸፈአ ግህሰት ሰብኣዊ መሰል ዝሳቐየላ፡ ተሓለቕቲ ሰብኣዊ መሰልን፡ ባይቶ ሰብኣዊ መሰልን ከኣ ኣዝዮም ዝሸቐሉላ ሃገር ኮይና እያ ጸኒሓ። ኣብ ኤርትራ ዘሎ ኣዝዩ ዘሕዝንን ዘሻቕልን፡ ፖለቲካዊ፡ ማሕበራዊ፡ ቁጠባውን ሰብኣውን ኩነታት ካብቲ ዓሚ ዝነብሮ፡ ኮታ ካብቲ ቅድሚኡ ዝነበረ ዓመታት፡ ብዉሑዱ ንዝሓለፉ ክልተ ዓሰርተ ዓመታት ከይተቐየረ እዩ ቀጺሉ። ኩነታት ከምዚ እንከሎ ደኣ፡ ስለምንታይ እዮም ካብተን 47 ኣባል ሃገራት፡  ናይ ገለ ሃገራት ልኡኻት ኣብ ምንዋሕ መዝነት ናይተን ኩነታት ኤርትራ ዝከታተላ ኮሚሽነር ዘይግደሱ? ወይ ይናዋሕዶ ኣይናዋሕ ኣብ ዝብል ምውልዋል ዝኣትዉ? ዘገርም እዩ።

ንሕና እዞም ብሓባር ነዚ መዘክር’ዚ ነቕርብ ዘለና፡ ኣብ ውሽጢ ሃገርና ኰይንና ከይንዋሳእ ዝተሓረመና ፖለቲካዊ ተቓወምቲ ውድባት ኤርትራ፡ ናብ ኩሎም ተሳተፍቲ ልኡኻት መበል 44 ጉባአ ባይቶ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ሕቡራት ሃገራት ነዚ መዘክር ነቕርብ ኣለና። በዚ መዘክርና ከኣ እዚ ባይቶ ንመዝነት ወ/ሮ ዳኔላ ክራቨትዝ ብምንዋሕ ኣቢሎም፡ ንሽዱሽተ ሚልዮን ህዝቢ ኤርትራ እቲ ዝተሓተ ደገፍን ሞራላዊ ምትብባዕን ክገብረሉ ንጽውዕ።

ክቡራት ተሳተፍቲ መበል 44 ጉባአ ሰብኣዊ መሰል ሕሃ

ክብርቲ ላዕለወይቲ ኮሚሽነር ባቸለት

ብዛዕባ ኤርትራ ግቡእ ኣፍልጦ ከም ዘለኩም ርግጸኛታት ኢና። ደጊምካ ንምዝኽኻርኩም ዝኣክል ግና፡ ወያ ንዝሓለፈ 29 ዓመታት ኣህጉራዊ ተፈላጥነት ረኺባ፡ ናይ ሕቡራት ሃገራትን ናይዚ ባይቶኹምን ኣባል ዝኾነት ኤርትራ፥

  • ሕገ-መንግስትን ግዝኣተ ሕግን የብላን፤
  • መንግስታዊ ትካላትን መንግስታዊ ኣካላትን የብላን፤
  • ንልዕሊ ርብዒ ክፍለ-ዘመን ምርጫ ኣየካየደትን፤
  • ናጽነት ሓሳብካ ምግላጽ፡ ሃይማኖታዊ እምነትን ምንቅስቓስን የብላን፤
  • ምብጻሕ እሱራት፡ ዋላ ብቀይሕ መስቀል ዘይፍቀደላ ሃገር እያ፤
  • መሰል ኣብ ቅድሚ መጋባእያ ቤት ፍርዲ ምቕራብ የብላን፤
  • ከምቲ ንስኻትኩም እውን እተፈልጥዎ እቲ ዝርዝር ነዊሕ እዩ፤

 

ከምቲ ንስኻትኩም እተፈልጥዎ ናይ ኤርትራውያን እሱራት ዕድል “ማእሰርቲ ክሳብ ሞት” እዩ። ከምቲ ቅድሚ ሒደት ዓመታት ወ/ሮ ኪታሩዝ ነዚ ባይቶኹም ዝሓበረኦ፡ እቲ መወዳእታ ዘየብሉ “ሃገራዊ ኣገልግሎት” ዝብል ስም ዝተዋህቦ ባርነት ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ኣብ ቦታኡ እዩ ዘሎ። በዚ መሰረት ሓደ ሲሶ ዝኸውን ካብ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ነቲ ባርነት ተቓዊሙ ካብ ሃገሩ ወጺኡ ብደረጃ ስደተኛ ክብሪ ኣብ ዘየብሉ ኩነታት ይነብር ኣሎ።

መልእኽትና ንምድምዳም፡ እዞም ኤርትራውያን ውድባት ጽቡቕ ፈቓድኩም ኮይኑ፡ ገለ ውሱን ለውጢ ኣብ ምምጻእ ይሕግዝዩ ኢልና ስለ እንኣምን፡ ናይተን ንኩነታት ሰብኣዊ መሰል ኤርትራ ክከታተላ ዝተመዘዛ ልእኽቲ ኣብቲ መዝነት ዝጸንሓሉ ግዜ ከተናውሑለን ብትሕትና ንሓትት።

ኣኽበርትኹም

ኣቦመንበራት

  1. ኤርትራዊ ሃገራዊ ንዲሞክራስያዊ ለውጢ (ኤሃባዲለ)
  2. ሃገራዊ ግንባር ኤርትራ (ኤሃግ)
  3. ሰልፊ ዲሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ (ሰዲህኤ)
  4.  ውድብ ዲሞክራስያዊ ሓድነት (ውዲሓ)
  5.  ሕብረት ኤርትራውያን ንፍትሒ (ኤሕፍ)
  6.  ዲሞክራስያዊ ውድብ ዓፋር ቀይሕ ባሕሪ (ዲውዓቀ)

እቲ ጭቆናን ግፍዕን ዝወለደ ምልኪ ክሳብ ዘይተወገደ፥ ነቲ ዝሓሸ ክንጥምትን ብቕኑዕ መገዲ ንምኻድ ክንሓሳብን፡ ናብ ዓወት ዘብጸሓና ጥሙር ሃገራዊ ሓሳብ እንርዕም፡ ቃልስና ቀጻሊ እዩ ክኸውን። ኣብ ጉዕዞ ቃልስና  ዘይተጸበናዮ እዚ ዘይበሃሉ ኲርኳሓት ከጋጥሙና ይኽእሉ እዮም። እዞም ኩርኳሓት  እዚኦም እንተስ ብወዝቢ እንተስ ብዝተጸንዐ መንገዲ ክምርሹ ከለዉ፥ ገለ ንረብሓና ገለና ከኣ ንጉድኣትና ዘስዕቡ እዮም። እቶም ንረብሓና ዝውዕሉ ከይተጠቐምናሎም እንተሓሊፎም ደጊሞም ኣይምለሱን እዮም። እቶም ንጉድኣትና ዝኾኑ ግን ዘስዕብዎ ኣሉታት ኣብ ክንወጸሉ ዘይንኽእል ዓዘቕቲ ኢዮም ዝሸሙና።

ኣብ ሃገርና ኤርትራ ነጊሱ ዘሎ ምልኪ፥ ብሓንቲ ለይቲ ዝማዕበለ ዘይኮነስ፡ ንዓመታት ክስረሓሉ ዝጸንሐ ምዃኑ ብሩህ እዩ። ጠንቂ ናይ ምልኪ ድማ፥ ነቲ ህዝቢ ከሎ ገና ንናጽነቱ፡ መሰሉን ስልጣኑን  ፈሊጡ ኣብ ግብሪ ንኸይውዕል ብራዕድን ዓፈናን ዓጊቱ ስለዝሓዞም እዩ።  እነሆ ድማ፥ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ  ኣብ ምንታይ ሽግር ወዲቑ ከምዘሎ ንኹልና ብሩህ እዩ። ይኹን እምበር ሽግሩ ብምዝርዛር ጥራይ ራህዋን ቅሳነትን ክነምጸኣሉ ኣይንኽእልን ኢና። ነዚ ሽግርን መከራን ፈሊጥና ክንውግድ ነቶም ነዚ ጉዳይ እዚ ዲግድጊት ተዓጢቖም ዝቃለሱ ዘለዉ ፖለቲካውያን ሓይልታት ናይ ምሕብሓብን ምሕጋዝን ሓደ ካብቲ ቀንዲ ኣካል ናይቲ ፍታሕ እዩ።

እዞም ሰልፍታት፡ ማሕበራትን ውልቀሰባትን እምበኣር፥ ነዚ ምልኪ ኣልጊስና ህዝብናን ሃገርናን ክነድሕን ኢልና እንቃለስ ስለ ዘለና፡ ክነተግብሮ ዝግበኣና ምትግባር እዩ፡፡ መጀመርያ ንገዛእ ርእስና ካብዚ ምልካዊ ኣተሓሳስባ ክሳብ ክንደይናይ ናጻ ኢና ንነፍስና ምምርማር የድልየና። ኣብ ርእሲ እዚ ነቲ ስርዓት  እንቃወም፡ እቲ እንኸዶ ጎደና ምፍላጥን፥ ነቲ ሃገራዊ ዕላማና በቲ ቅኑዕ ኣገባቡ ክንሕዞን ይግበኣና። ሳልሳይ ነጥቢ ፥ እቲ ናብ ዓወት ዘብጽሕ ሓሳብ ብጉርሒ ወይ  ብምጥርጣራት ዘይኮነ፡ ሓቢርካን ተወሃሂድካን ምቅላስ። እቲ ራብዓይ ድማ፥ "ግዜ ከሎካ ግዜ ኣይትጸበ" ንዝብል ኣምር ተኸቲልና ነቲ ናብ ረብሓና ዝውዕል ዕድላት ብኣግኡ ክንጥቀመሉ ምስ እንኽእል እዩ።

ሎሚ፥ ኣብ ዓለምና ወሪዱ ዘሎ ቀዛፊ ሕማም ለበዳ ከሮና ቫይረስ (ኮቪድ-19) ንምምካት መላእ ዓለም  ሓድነቶምን ምትሕግጋዛቶምን ኣሕይሎም ይሰርሕሉ ኣለዉ። እዚ ንዓና ነዞም ኤርትራዊ ደምበ ተቓውሞ; ህዝብና  ክነድሕን ኩልና ደገፍትን ተቓወምትን ብሓባር ክንሓስበሉ ዘኽእል ተረኽቦ እዩ። ነዚ እውን እተን ፖለቲካውያን ሰልፍታትን ማሕበራትን ብዘይወዓል ሕደር፥ “ቀሚሽ ኣደይ ሓንኲሉኒ” ከይበላ ብሓባር ዝሰርሓሉ ፍኖተ ካርታ ቀሪጸን ንቕድሚት ክስጉማ እዩ ዝግበአን። ሎሚ፡  መን ይመርሕ ወይ ናይ ስልጣን ሕቶ ዝለዓለሉ ግዜ ኣይኮነን። 

ስለዚ ነቲ ኣብ ውሽጥና ዘሎ ፍልልያት ናይ ዓሌት፥ ሃይማኖትን ብሄርን ተንከፍ ክሳብ ዘይኮነ፥ ብዲሞክራሲያዊ መስርሕ ክንፈትሖ ናይ ግድን ክኸውን ኣለዎ። ብካብዚ ሓሊፉ ኣኼባታት፡ ውዑላትን፥ መግለጺታትን፥ ወግሐ ጸብሐ “እዚ እባ እቲ” እናተበሃሃልና ህዝብናን ሃገርናን ካብ መመሊሱ ንሓደጋ  ምቅላዕ ክነድሕኖ ኣይኮናን። እዚ ካብ ኮነ ሓቢርናን ተወሃሂድናን ክንሰርሓሉ ዘይንኽእል እንታይ እዩ እቲ ሽግርና፡ ንክንመሚ ብቕዓትን ድፍረትን ክህልወና ኣለዎ። እንተዘየለ እዚ ህልዊ ኩነት እዚ ምስቲ ግዜ እንተዘይተቐዳዲምናን እንተዘይሰሪሕናሉን፥ እቲ ግዜ ንገዛእ ርእሱ እንታይ ሳዕቤን ከምጸኣልና ምዃኑ ክንርደኦን ክንበጽሖን  ኣብ ዘይንኽእለሉ ሃዋህው እዩ ከእትወና።

እዋኑ ነቲ ንኸይንሰማማዕ ቀይዱ ሒዙና ዘሎ ስውር ፍልልያት ብህጹጽ ፍታሕ ዘድልዮ ኩነት ምዃኑ ክንርዳእ ይግባእ። ነዚ ክንፈትሕ እንተዘይክኢልናን ናይ ሓድሕድ ፍቕሪ፡ ስኒት፡ ምትሕልላይን ተኣማንነትን እንተዘይኣጥሪና፥ ፍቕሪ ህዝብን ሃገርን ክህልወና ፈጺሙ ዘይከኣል እዩ። ብተወሳኺ ንኩነታት ናይ ምንባብ ሓባራዊ ግንዛቤ ክህልወና ስለዘይክእል፥ ንዝኾነ ይኹን ኣብ ምግጣም ግብረ-ኣልቦ ኢና ክንክወን። እዚ ከኣ ብወገኑ ነቲ ናይ ጽባሕ ተስፋና ከማህምኖን፥ ነቲ ዲሞክራሲያውን ፍትሓውን ሕብረተሰብ ንምህናጽ ገቲሩ ዝጋርደና እዩ ክኸውን።  እቲ  ጽባሕ ኣብ ሃገርና  እንምነዮ ሰላምን ምርግጋእን ክህሉ እንተኾይኑ፡ ሎሚ እቲ ጽምዶና ናይ ስልጣን ምቁርቛስ ዘይኮነስ ኣብ ናይ መሰረታዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ኣዕኑድ ምትካል እዩ ክኸውን ዝግባእ።

To:   Honorable Delegations of 47 Member States,

 UN Human Rights Council,

44th Session, Palais des Nations, Geneva

 To: H.E. Ms. Michele Bachelet,

 Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Palais Wilson, Geneva

 Subject: Extending the Mandate of the Special HR Rapporteur for Eritrea

 15 May, 2020

 Honorable UN HR Council Delegates at 44th Session,

Your Excellency High Commissioner Bachelet,

We, the undersigned Eritrean political opposition organizations in forced exile, are pleased to jointly address this memorandum on behalf of our people with the earnest aim of drawing your kind attention for appropriate action to the endless and never changing political and human rights situation in Eritrea, which is a member-state of this respected Council.

At the outset, we must acknowledge that we are grateful to this Council, whose sincere concern with the human rights situation in Eritrea, was manifested by its October 2012 action to appoint the first UN Human Rights Rapporteur for Eritrea and ever since  extended that mandate annually in order to keep the human rights abuser state  “under close scrutiny.” That was a solemn pledge made by this Council to Eritrean victims of human rights abuses.

It is true that the Eritrean authorities ignored implementing all recommendations of this august body and for the last eight years refused entry visa to this Council’s Human Rights Rapporteur for Eritrea. Yet, the Council’s aim of trying to keep the Eritrean government “under close scrutiny” was being continually achieved through the oral updates and annual reports of the mandated UN Special Envoys – Ms Sheila Keetharuth for the first six years and Ms Daniel Kravetz for the last two years.

Excellencies,

Eritrea remains a place of endless suffering to its people and a heartbreaking story to human rights activists and organizations familiar with the unparalleled human rights abuses in that country.

The extremely worrisome political, social, economic and human rights situation in Eritrea did not change from what it was last year, the year before and at least two decades before that. How come then that some of the 47 member states of the UN Human Rights Council are reportedly wavering on whether the mandate of the UN Human Rights Rapporteur for Eritrea should be extended or not?

We, the entire ensemble of Eritrean political opposition organizations in exile, therefore appeal to all Council delegates to this 44th Session to do the right thing - extend the mandate of Ms Daniela Kravetz for another term as a minimum sympathy and moral support to a six-million nation in a very dire human rights situation.  

Honorable HR Council Delegates,

Dear HR High Commissioner Bachelet,

We know that you are very well aware of the Eritrean situation. But, just as a reminder, allow us to repeat that, for the last 29 years, Eritrea remains to be an internationally recognized member-state of the UN and this Council:

  • Without a national constitution; without the rule of law;
  • Without state institutions and functioning branches of government;
  • Without national elections for over quarter of a century;
  • Without freedom of the press, assembly, worship and movement;
  • Without the right of visitation to its prisoners (not even by the ICRC);
  • Without the right of a day at court for prisoners;
  • As you know, the list is endless…

Your Excellencies also know that the fate the thousands of Eritrean prisoners is nothing but “detention until death,” as Ms Sheila Keetharuth told this Council a few years; that the open-ended enslavement of people under misnomer “national service” is still intact, and that about a third of the Eritrean population has been condemned to flee the country and live under the indignity of being refugees. 

To conclude, we the exiled Eritrean political organizations, appeal to you to kindly extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur for Human Rights in Eritrea, and also think of doing a little bit more to help change the sad situation in Eritrea.

Sincerely yours,

Chairpersons of

  1. Eritrean National Council for Democratic Change (ENCDC)
  2. Eritrean National Front (ENF)
  3. Eritrean People’s Democratic Party (EPDP)
  4. Organization of Unity for Democratic Change (UDC)
  5. United Eritreans for Justice (UEJ)
  6. Red Sea Afar Democratic Organization (RSADO)

May 17, 2020 News

Interesting that it is the far-right, neo-fascist Alternative for Germany (AFD) that thinks it would be a great idea to increase cooperation with Eritrea.

Democratic parties are far more questioning.


Source: das parlament

Johanna Metz

No chance for cooperation with Eritrea

Eritrea is one of the poorest countries in the world. About every second of the approximately 3.5 million inhabitants lives below the poverty line. Only mining and the export of copper and zinc are profitable there, with the exception of China, foreign investors are avoiding the country. The reason is Isayas Afewerki’s regime. 

Since Eritrea’s independence from Ethiopia in 1993, the president has abolished parliament, other parties, the free media, the rule of law and non-governmental organizations. There have been no elections for a long time. Countless detainees are held in prisons, and Eritreans in exile report on the disappeared, torture, child labor and other serious violations of human rights. Conditions caused 41,530 people to flee in 2018 alone.

The difficult situation is unlikely to change much in the future. Because, despite the “great development potential”, the Federal Government foreseeably sees no chance for bilateral development cooperation with the state. “The leadership rejects any cooperation,” said Parliamentary State Secretary at the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Norbert Barthle (CSU), last week in the development committee. It shows no interest in improving trade relations, although Eritrea is even entitled to duty-free and quota-free access to the European market. A dialogue on human rights in the country is also not desired. “Unlike in Ethiopia, progress has stopped in Eritrea,” concluded Barthle.

AfD application rejected 

The AfD group still urges the federal government to continue to approach the country. The problems are known, said a parliamentary group representative in the committee, but investment and potential should still be promoted. The AfD is convinced that with an economic upturn, politics will also change. But the other groups did not share this view. They refused an application (19/15071 ) of the AfD with the title “Starting and organizing economic cooperation with Eritrea”.

A member of the Union faction declared that the Eritrean government was not willing to change. In addition, human rights aspects should in no way be excluded from development cooperation.

The FDP also insisted on value-based DC, President Afewerki must be accused of violating human rights. The FDP, left-wing parliamentary group and the Greens also expressed the supposition that the AfD’s aim is less for the welfare of the people in Eritrea than for the country’s profitable mining sector and the opportunity to create new sales markets for German companies.

The SPD said that no one could be forced to help. All attempts by the federal government to build bilateral relations have been unsuccessful or openly rejected. A representative of the Greens accused Afewerki of blocking any international cooperation to prevent the serious human rights violations from being exposed in the past three decades.

Source=https://eritreahub.org/germany-debates-co-operation-with-eritrea-progress-has-halted

May 16, 2020 News, UN

Source: Bloomberg

U.A.E. Ran Covert Arms Flights to Aid Libya’s Haftar, UN Finds

May 15, 2020, 2:36 PM EDT
  • UN experts probing flights for embargo breach, diplomats say
  • Libya war has drawn in rival foreign powers, arms, hired guns
Members of the self-styled Libyan National Army, loyal to the country's east strongman Khalifa Haftar, open fire during clashes with militants in Benghazi's central Akhribish district on Nov. 9, 2017.
Members of the self-styled Libyan National Army, loyal to the country’s east strongman Khalifa Haftar, open fire during clashes with militants in Benghazi’s central Akhribish district on Nov. 9, 2017.

Photographer: Abdullah Doma/AFP via Getty Images

The United Arab Emirates has been involved in operating a covert air-bridge to supply weapons to Libyan strongman Khalifa Haftar in contravention of a United Nations arms embargo on the North African country, according to a confidential UN report.

At least 37 flights in early January are being investigated by the UN panel of experts responsible for monitoring sanctions on Libya, according to two diplomats briefed on the report that was presented to the Security Council this month. Excerpts of the report were also shared with Bloomberg. The flights were operated by a complex network of companies registered in the U.A.E., Kazakhstan, and the British Virgin Islands to disguise the delivery of military equipment, the diplomats said.

The panel found an increase in secret flights from the U.A.E. and its airbase in Eritrea to airfields under the control of Haftar, who is fighting to defeat the internationally-recognized government based in Tripoli, the report said. Some of those flights, which transfer high volumes of weapons, were operated by two Kazakhstan operators, according to the diplomats.

Screenshot 2020-05-16 at 21.27.45

U.A.E. Ambassador to the United Nations Lana Nusseibeh said that while she hasn’t seen the report, the allegations outlined are “false” and the government denies “them in their entirety.”

Libya Arms Embargo Has Become a ‘Joke,’ Top UN Official Says (1)

“We regret such allegations are made against a State and then leaked to the press without first verifying their veracity with the State concerned,” Nusseibeh said in emailed comments. The U.A.E. will continue to cooperate with the UN panel, she said.

The Security Council is not obligated to take any action based on the experts report but members can refer it to their home countries for investigation. There was no immediate comment from Haftar’s spokesman.

What’s Behind Nine Years of Turmoil in Libya: QuickTake

Sitting atop Africa’s largest oil reserves, Libya has been all but ungovernable since a NATO-backed rebellion led to the 2011 killing of Moammar Qaddafi, who had ruled the country for more than 40 years. In recent years, a UN-backed government based in Tripoli has been battling for control of the divided country with Haftar’s forces, which launched a campaign to take the capital a year ago.

The war has quickly descended into a proxy conflict that has drawn in regional and global powers and become a magnet for hired guns, raising concerns in Europe about the spread of militants and migrants across the Mediterranean. Egypt and the U.A.E. have backed Haftar, who is also supported by Russian mercenaries, while Turkey has begun sending troops and supplies to the Tripoli government as the conflict escalates.

Western Mercenaries Went to Libya to Help Moscow’s Man, UN Finds The U.A.E. said it was “deeply concerned” about Turkish involvement in Libya. Turkey and Russia have both recruited and deployed Syrian mercenaries to fight on opposite sides in Libya, joining a crowded field of private soldiers in an increasingly complex conflict. The UN has repeatedly raised concerns that the arms embargo is being flouted by various camps, hampering efforts to bring an end to the war.

— With assistance by Naubet Bisenov
Page 2 of 360